?????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 77083 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? (UMBs). ????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ??? UMBs ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???????.

???? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ??????. ??? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ????? 313 330 ?? MS-DOS Microsoft "?????? ?????? ? ????" ??????? 5.0 ?? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? UMBs ???????? ??? ????????. ????? ???? ????? 327 ? 329 ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? UMBs.

???? ??? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????:

  • ??? ????? EMM386 ?? ??? ??????? NOEMS ????? ?? ??? ??????? RAM
  • ????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? UMBs ????? ????
  • ??? EMM386 ?????? UMBs

????? emm386 NOEMS ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ????????

??? ?? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? (EMS) ? ???? EMM386 ?? ??? ??????? NOEMS. ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? 64 ???? ???? ?? UMBs, ??? ????? NOEMS ???? EMM386 ?? ?????? ???? ???? EMS ?? ????? ??????? ??????. ??? EMM386 ?? ??? ??????? NOEMS ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? Windows.

???? EMM386 ?? ??? ??????? NOEMS:

  1. ????? ????? CONFIG.SYS. ?????? ????? ???????? ???? MS-DOS ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? MS-DOS:
    ????? c:\config.sys
  2. ?????? ??? ????? DEVICE ???? EMM386. ??? ??? ????? DEVICE ????? ??? ??????? RAM ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??????? NOEMS ????? ?? ???. ??? ????? DEVICE EMM386 ?? ???? ???????:
    device=c:\dos\emm386.exe noems
  3. ??? ????????? (?? ???) ??? ????? CONFIG.SYS ?? ?? ?????? ???? ??????. ?? ???? ??????? ???? MS-DOS ?????? "?????" ?? "???" ???????. ????? ???? ???? MS-DOS ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? "? ????" ??? "?? ???? ENTER.
  4. ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? CTRL + ALT + DEL.
??? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????. ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???????. ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????? NOEMS ?? ??? ??????? RAM ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ????.

????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? UMBS ????? ????

??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? DEVICEHIGH ?? LOADHIGH MS-DOS ????? ???????? ?? UMB ???????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? UMB ????. ????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? UMBs ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????. ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??.

????? ??? ??? ???????

??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? CONFIG.SYS ?????? AUTOEXEC.BAT. ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? A ?? ???? ??????? ???????:
sys c: a:
a:\ c:\config.sys ????
a:\ c:\autoexec.bat ????
???? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????; ??? ??? ?????? ????? CONFIG.SYS ?? AUTOEXEC.BAT ????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??????, ??? ????? ??? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? A ?? ???? CTRL + ALT + DEL.

????? ?? ???? ????? ???????

??? ????? ??????? ????? ? MS-DOS ????? ?? ?????? ?? UMB ???????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? UMB ????. ????? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? UMBs ??????. ???? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ????. ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? - - ???? - ????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?????. ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???? juggle ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.

??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??? UMBs:
   PROGRAM1.EXE   2K
   PROGRAM2.EXE   2K
   PROGRAM3.EXE   3K
				
???? ???? ????? UMBs ????????; ?? 4 K ?? ???; ????? ?? K 3 ?? ?????. (????? ????? ????? UMBs ????? ?????? ????? ????? /P MEM. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ???? 519 "?????? ?????? ??????.")

??? ????? ?????? PROGRAM3.EXE ?? ??????? ?? K 3. ??? ??? ?????? PROGRAM3 ????? MS-DOS ??? ???? ?? UMB ???? (4 ????). ???? ?? ?????? PROGRAM3 K 4 ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? UMB ? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????????. ???????? ?????? PROGRAM1 ????? (2 ????) ? ?? K 3 UMB ??? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???????. ??? ???? PROGRAM2 ????? ????? 2 ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ??? UMBs 1 ???? ???? ???? ????. ??? ???? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????.

????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? PROGRAM1 (2 ????) ? ?? PROGRAM3 (3 K) ? ??? ?? PROGRAM2 (2 ????). ??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? UMBs. MS-DOS ????? PROGRAM1 ??? 4 K UMB ??? 2 ???? ???? ?? ???????. PROGRAM3 ????? ?? UMB ???? ?????? (3 K) ? PROGRAM2 ????? ??? K 2 ????????.

figuring ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????

????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ??? UMB ?????. ???? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? UMB ????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????. ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????????:

  • ????? ???? ??????? UMB ?? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ??????.

    ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????? /C MEM ????? ????? ????????. ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ???? UMB ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? UMB.
  • ????? ??? ??????? UMB ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????????.

    ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???????. ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? UMB ????; ???? ??? ??? ??? ???????? relinquishes ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????.
???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? Microsoft ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????. ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??? UMB ???? ??????? ?? ??????: ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??.
   Program Name   Size of UMB It Needs
   ------------------------------------

   ANSI.SYS       File size
   DISPLAY.SYS    Size while running
   DRIVER.SYS     File size
   EGA.SYS        File size
   MOUSE.COM      File size
   MOUSE.SYS      File size
   PRINTER.SYS    Size while running
   RAMDRIVE.SYS   Size while running
   SMARTDRIVE.SYS Size while running
   SETVER.EXE     File size
   APPEND.EXE     Size while running
   ASSIGN.COM     Size while running
   DOSKEY.COM     Size while running
   FASTOPEN.EXE   Size while running
   GRAFTABL.COM   File size
   GRAPHICS.COM   Size while running
   KEYB.COM       File size
   MIRROR.COM     Size while running
   NLSFUNC.EXE    File size
   SHARE.EXE      Size while running
				

juggling ????? ??????? ??? ????????? CONFIG.SYS ???????? AUTOEXEC.BAT

??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? CONFIG.SYS ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? AUTOEXEC.BAT. MS-DOS ??????? ????? CONFIG.SYS ????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ????? AUTOEXEC.BAT. ???? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????????, ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? CONFIG.SYS ????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? AUTOEXEC.BAT.

???? ?? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? UMBs ??? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????:

  • ?? ????? CONFIG.SYS? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? DEVICEHIGH. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???? - resident ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? AUTOEXEC.BAT ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? DEVICE ?????. (?????? ????? DEVICE ????? HIMEM.SYS EMM386.EXE ? ??? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? UMBs.)
  • ?? ?????? AUTOEXEC.BAT ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? LOADHIGH.
  • ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? MOUSE.COM ???? MOUSE.SYS ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?? CONFIG.SYS ?? AUTOEXEC.BAT. ???? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??????? (????? ??? ?????? ??? HIMEM.SYS ?? EMM386.EXE).

    • ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? UMBs ?? ????? CONFIG.SYS? ??????? ????? DEVICEHIGH ????? ??? MOUSE.SYS.
    • ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? UMBs ?? ??? AUTOEXEC.BAT, ??????? ????? LOADHIGH ????? ??? MOUSE.COM.

??? emm386 ?????? UMBS

????? ??? EMM386 ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????. (??? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ???? EMM386 ?? ??? ??????? RAM ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????.) ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? 1. ??? ????? "????? 1?" ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? UMBs, ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? 2.

??????? 1: ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????

??? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????; EMM386 ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? UMBs. ??? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????????. ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? EMM386 ????????? ?? UMBs. ?????? EMM386 ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????????, ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? DEVICE ???? ???? EMM386.

?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?? UMBs ???? ??????? ???????:

  1. ????? ??? ??? ????? MS-DOS. ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? A ?? ???? ?? ???:
    sys c: a:
  2. ??? ????? CONFIG.SYS ??? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???:
    a:\ c:\config.sys ????
  3. ????? ????? CONFIG.SYS ??????. ?????? ????? ???????? ???? MS-DOS ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????:
    ????? c:\config.sys
  4. ????? ???? ????? DEVICE EMM386.EXE ? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? RAM ?? NOEMS. I ??????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? EMM386 ????? ??? ??????? ????????? ?? UMBs. ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? and ????.

    • ??? ????????? ????? ?? ??? PS IBM / 2 ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? i = EFFF E000 ? i = ????? B7FF B000 ??? RAM ?? NOEMS ??????? ? ??? ???:
      device=c:\dos\emm386.exe I = EFFF E000 I = ????? ?????? ???????? B7FF B000
    • ??? ????????? ????? ?? ??? PS/2 ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? i = ????? EFFF E000 ??? RAM ?? NOEMS ??????? ? ??? ???:
      device=c:\dos\emm386.exe I = ????? ?????? ???????? EFFF E000
    • ??? ????????? ????? ?? ?? PS IBM/2 ?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? i = ????? B7FF B000 ??? RAM ?? NOEMS ??????? ? ??? ???:
      device=c:\dos\emm386.exe I = ????? ?????? ???????? B7FF B000
    • ??? ??? ????????? ????? ?? IBM PS/2 ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????, ???? ????? 2.
  5. ??? ??? ?????? ???? MS-DOS ? ???? "?????" ?? ??????? "???". ????? ???? ???? MS-DOS ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? "? ????" ??? "?? ???? ENTER.
  6. ????? ????? ????????? ???? CTRL + ALT + DEL.

    ?? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ????? EMM386 ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???????. ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ??. ?? ?? ?????? CONFIG.SYS ????? ?? ?? ????? switch(es) ??? ??????? ??? ????? DEVICE EMM386 I. ???? ?????? ??? Microsoft ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????.
  7. ??? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? UMBs ?????. ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????:
    |???? /c mem
    ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????. (????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? /C MEM UMBs ???? ???? 320 "?????? ?????? ??????.")

??????? 2: ????? ??????? ??? ????? Aside ????????? ?? ????? ??????

??? ????? EMM386 ?? ??? ??????? RAM ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? (UMBs) ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??????? NOEMS. ??? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? UMBs ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????????, ?? ?? ???? ???? UMBs ????? ?????? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? 64 ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????. ?? ?? ???? UMBs ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? 2 ??????? ??????.

???? ????? EMM386 ??????? 16 ???? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? 64 ???? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? UMBs ???????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ????. ???? ??????? ???????:

  1. ?????? ?? Windows ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????:
    emm386
    EMM386 ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??. ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? "???? ???? ??????" ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????. ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? E000.
    ?????? ???? ??????........ . e000 f
  2. ????? ????? CONFIG.SYS ??????. ?????? ????? ???????? ???? MS-DOS ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????:
    ????? c:\config.sys
  3. ????? ???? ????? DEVICE EMM386.EXE ??? ?????? ??? ??????? P0 ??? ??? ??????? RAM. ??? ????? ??? ??????? P0 ????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? EMM386 ?? ?????? 1. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ?????? E000 ? ?? ???? ????? DEVICE ??? ???:
    device=c:\dos\emm386.exe I = p0 EFFF E000 = E000 ????? ?????? ????????
  4. ??? ??? ?????? ???? MS-DOS ? ???? "?????" ?? ??????? "???". ????? ???? ???? MS-DOS ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? "? ????" ??? "?? ???? ENTER.
  5. ????? ????? ????????? ???? CTRL + ALT + DEL.

    ??? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ??. ?? ????? ?????? ?? CONFIG.SYS ??? ??????? P0 ??? ??????? ??? ????? DEVICE EMM386 ????????. ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??????? 2; ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??????.
  6. ??? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?? UMBs ?????. ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????:
    |???? /c mem
    ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????. (????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? /C MEM UMBs ???? ???? 320 "?????? ?????? ??????.")
?? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? UMBs.

??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ??? UMBs, ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? UMBs ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????. ???? ????? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????; ???? ?????? ??? ?????? Microsoft ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????.

?????

???? ??????? ??????? ?? "?????? ?????? ? ????" ?????? ??? ??????? ??????:

  • ????? ????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? 313 326
  • ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? 327
  • ??????? ??? ????? DEVICEHIGH ?????? 435
  • ????????? ??? ????? LOADHIGH ?????? 518
  • ????????? ??? ????? MEM ?????? 519
  • ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? EMM386.EXE ?????? 605
  • ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? HIMEM.SYS ?????? 610

???????

???? ???????: 77083 - ????? ??? ??????: 25/????/1427 - ??????: 1.1
????? ???
  • Microsoft MS-DOS 5.0 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt KB77083 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????77083
????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???????
?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ? ?? ??? ??????? Microsoft ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????

????? ???????

 

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