????? L2TP/IPsec NAT-T ?????? ??????? Windows XP ?Windows 2000

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 818043
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? Microsoft ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????? Layer Two Tunneling Protocol ?(L2TP) ?"??? ???????? ????????" (IPsec) ??? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows XP ??? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 1 ?(SP1). ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 2 ?(SP2). ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ????.

????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? "??? ???????? ????????" ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? (VPN) ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? (NAT). ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows XP? ????? ???? IPsec "??? ???????? ????????" ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ????? IPsec ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????.

?????? ???? ???? "??? ???????? ????????" ?? "IPSEC services" ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
322389 ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP

??????? ???????

??????? ????

????? "??? ???????? ????????" ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? "???????" ?"????????"

  • ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? L2TP/IPsec ??????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows XP ????? ??????? "??? ???????? ????????" ???? ?? ???? ???? "????? ?????? ??????". ????? ????? IPsec NAT-T ??????? ??? ????? IETF ?????? ?????????? (RFC) ??? 3193 ?????? 2 ??????? ???????? ??????? IPsec NAT-T ?????? ?? IETF. ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ?????? SP2 ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????. ???? IPsec NAT-T ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ?????.
  • ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? "??? ???????? ????????" ????????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? SP2 ??? ??? ?????? ???.
  • ???? ????? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ?? "??? ???????? ????????" ??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ???????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP ???????? ????? ???? ?????? SP2.
  • ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000.
  • ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?????? "??? ???????? ????????" ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 (??? ???? ??????? DH2048 ?? "????? ???????" ?? ????? ??????? ???????????). ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? (??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ???????) ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ???????. ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? "??? ???????? ????????" ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????.
  • ????? ?????? "??? ???????? ????????" ????????? ???????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows XP ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003.

    ?????? ???? "????? ???????" ??? ??????.
  • ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ????? IPseccmd ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows XP (??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000)? ???? ???? ???? IPseccmd ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????:\Program Files\Support Tools.

    ???? ???? IPseccmd ????????? ??????? ???????:
    • ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? "????? ?????? ????????" (IKE) ??????????.
    • ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????.
    • ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? "??? ???????? ????????".
    ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? IPseccmd ??? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???? IPseccmd ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???????.

??????? ????????? ????????

????? ???? ??????? ?IPsec NAT-T

????? ??????? ??? ????? IPsec NAT-T ??? ????? ????????? (RFC) ?????? ?? IETF ??? ???? ???????? 2 ??????? ???????? ??????? NAT-T ?????? ?? IETF? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???????:
  • "????? ???????? ????????" - "???????? ???? ?????? ????????" (UDP?) 500
  • IPsec NAT-T - "???????? ???? ?????? ????????" 4500
  • "???? ????? ?????" (ESP) - "???????? ????????" (IP?) 50

?????????? ?????? ???????? IPsec NAT-T

???? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? IPsec NAT-T ????? ??? L2TP/IPsec. ?? ??? ????????????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows XP ???? ?? ????? ???? ?????? SP2 ????. ???? ?? ???? L2TP/IPsec ?????? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ??????? ?????? "??????? ??????? ?? ????".
????----> ????? ?????? ?????? ----??????---->????

????? ????????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? "????? ?????? ??????".
??? ???? ????? ????? L2TP/IPsec ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??????? NAT-T.

?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ??????? ???? "??????? ??????? ?? ????"? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? L2TP/IPsec ???? ??? ?????????. ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????? L2TP/IPsec ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? "????? ?????? ??????" ???? ?? ????. ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???. ????? ????? IPsec NAT-T ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? "??????? ??????? ?? ????" ?????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ???. ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? IPsec NAT-T ??? ???? "??????? ??????? ?? ????" ?????? ????? ??????? Windows 2000.

????? Diffie-Hellman Group 2048

??????? ?????? L2TP/IPsec ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ????? Diffie-Hellman Group 2048? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????????.

?????? ???????? Diffie-Hellman 2048? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? regedit? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ??? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\RasMan\Parameters
  3. ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? DWORD.
  4. ???? NegotiateDH2048? ?? ???? ????? "???????".
  5. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? NegotiateDH2048? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  6. ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? 1? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  7. ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????.

??? ???

  • ???? ????? ????? "??? ???????? ????????"
    ?? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ????? "??? ???????? ????????" ?????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? "?????? ?????? ??????".
  • ??? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????
    ?? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? "??? ???????? ????????" ????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?? ?????? "??? ???????? ????????". ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? DH2048 ?? 268435457? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??????????? (??? ???? ??????? WINS ?? DHCP) ??? ??????? (???? ?????? ??????).
  • ???? ???? "????? ???????? ????????" ????? ?????? Windows ?? "???? ???????? ????????" ???????? ????? ????? ?? Winsock API ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? WSAIoctl(). ?? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? "???? ???? ??? ?????" (LSP) ??????? ?? ????? "??? ???????? ????????" ?? ????? ???? ???? "????? ???????? ????????". ????? "??? ???????? ????????" ??? ??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ???? (???? ????? ????? "Fail to a Secure Mode" (??? ?? ????? ?????)). ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???? "????? ???????? ????????" ??? ?????? ?? ???? "???? ?????? ??? ???????" ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??????.

????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? "???? ???????" ?? ???????? ????? ????. ??? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???????. ??? ???? Microsoft ??????? ?? ??? ????????. ????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ???????. ?????? ???? IPsec NAT-T ????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ?????? SP2? ??? ????? ???? ??????? AssumeUDPEncapsulationContextOnSendRule.

?????????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ?????? SP2 ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? IPsec NAT-T ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????. ????????? ??? ??? ???? "?????? ???????? ??????" (VPN) ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? "?????? ???????? ??????" ???? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ???? SP2 ?? ????? ????? L2TP/IPsec ?? ???? "?????? ???????? ??????" ?????????. ????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? "???? ?????? ????" ???? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows Server 2003.

??? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ?????? SP2 ?? ????? ??????? ??? "??? ???? ????" ?L2TP/IPsec ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????? ????.

???? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????? IPsec NAT-T. ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? "??? ???????? ????????" ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? "???????? ????????" ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ????????.

?????? ???? ????? AssumeUDPEncapsulationContextOnSendRule ????????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? regedit? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ??? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\IPsec
  3. ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? DWORD.
  4. ?? ?????? ???? ????? #1? ???? AssumeUDPEncapsulationContextOnSendRule? ?? ???? ????? "???????".
  5. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? AssumeUDPEncapsulationContextOnSendRule? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  6. ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ???????:
    • 0 (???????)
      ???? ?????? ? (???) ?????? ???? ??????? Windows ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????.
    • 1
      ???? ?????? ? ?????? ???? ????? Windows ???? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????.
    • 2
      ???? ?????? ? ?????? ???? ????? Windows ???? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? Windows XP ?????? ????? ?????? SP2 ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????.
  7. ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? "???? ???????".
  8. ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?????????.

??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? Windows XP

????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP ?(SP2). ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
322389 ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP

????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000

?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? Windows 2000? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ????? ???????? "?????? Microsoft Windows Update":
http://v4.update.microsoft.com/catalog
?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ???? "?????? ????? ???????" ?? "?????? Windows Update". ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? ???? Microsoft Windows Update? ???? ??? Find updates for Microsoft Windows operating systems (????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? Microsoft Windows).
  2. ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? Advanced Search (??? ?????).

    ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 Professional ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 3 ?? Windows 2000 Professional ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 4. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?????.
  3. ?? ?????? Contains these words (????? ??? ??? ???????)? ???? 818043? ?? ???? ??? Search (???).
????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?? "?????? Windows Update"? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
323166 ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? "?????? Windows Update"

????????? ???????

?? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 3 ?? ??????? ????.

??????? ????? ???????

????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????????? ?????? ????? "??? ???????? ????????" ???????.

??????? ??????? ???????

?? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??????? ????.

??????? ?????

????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? (?? ???? ????). ??? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? (UTC). ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????. ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? (UTC) ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? "??????? ??????" ???????? ?? "???? ??????".
   ???????     ?????    ???????      ?????      ??? ?????
   ----------------------------------------------------------------
   ?? ?????? ???? ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.1569   33,616  Fips.sys
   ?? ????? ????  ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738   80,848  Ipsec.sys
   ?? ????? ????  ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738   29,456  Ipsecmon.exe     
   ?? ????? ????  ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738  390,928  Netdiag.exe      
   ? ???? ????    ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738  417,552  Oakley.dll       
   ? ???? ????    ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738   96,528  Polagent.dll     
   ? ???? ????    ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738  137,488  Polstore.dll     
   ? ???? ????    ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738   58,128  Rasman.dll       
   ? ???? ????    ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738  153,360  Rasmans.dll      
   ? ???? ????    ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738   54,032  Rastapi.dll      
   ?? ????? ????  ??:?? ?  5.0.2195.6738   80,848  Ipsec.sys  ?(56-bit)

?????

?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
314067 ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? TCP/IP ????? ??????? Windows XP
257225 ??????? ????? IPsec ???????? ?? Microsoft Windows 2000 Server ????????
816915 ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? Microsoft Windows

???????

???? ???????: 818043 - ????? ??? ??????: 30/???/1432 - ??????: 18.3
????? ??????: 
atdownload kbwinxpsp2fix kbdownload kbenv kbwinxppresp2fix kbbug kbfix kbqfe kbwin2000presp5fix KB818043

????? ???????

 

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