???? ???????: 822158 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
??????

??????? ?????????? ?????????

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://windows.microsoft.com/ar-sa/windows-vista/Viruses-frequently-asked-questions
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

?????

????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft Windows? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? Active Directory ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????.

?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??. ??? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????.

??? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ????????? ???? ????. ?????? ????? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ?????. ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ??. ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ?????????.

??????? ????

??????? ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? Windows Server 2008 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?? Windows 2000 ?? Windows XP ?? Windows Vista ?? Windows 7

????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????. ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????. ????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???????? ???????.

???????
  • ??? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????.
  • ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????.
  • ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? .dit. ?? ????? Microsoft ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????.
  • ???? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????????. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ??? "??????" ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???????. ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???????.

?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? "tmp.edb" ????? ??????? Microsoft Forefront

  • ??? ??? ?????? Forefront? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? Forefront (tmp.edb). ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????:
    %windir%\SoftwareDistribution\Datastore
  • ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????:
    %ProgramData%\Microsoft\Search\Data\Applications\Windows

????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? Windows Update ?? ????? "??????? ????????"

  • ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? Windows Update ?? ???? "??????? ????????" (Datastore.edb). ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????:
    %windir%\SoftwareDistribution\Datastore
  • ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????:
    %windir%\SoftwareDistribution\Datastore\Logs
    ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????:
    • Res*.log
    • Edb*.jrs
    • Edb.chk
    • Tmp.edb
    ???? ??? ????? (*) ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????.

????? ????? ??? ????? ???? Windows

  • ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????? %windir%\Security\Database:
    • *.edb
    • *.sdb
    • *.log
    • *.chk
    • *.jrs
    ?????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????. ??? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????.

????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? "??? ????????"

  • ??????? ????? ?????? "??? ????????". ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????:
    %allusersprofile%\
    ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????:
    NTUser.pol
  • ??? ??????? ???? "??? ????????". ????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??????:
    %Systemroot%\System32\GroupPolicy\
    ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????:
    Registry.pol
????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" (?? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
951059 ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ????? Windows Server 2003
930597 ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP ?? Windows Vista

??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?Windows Server 2008 ?Windows Server 2003 ?Windows 2000

????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ?????. ????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????. ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????. ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? Windows Server 2008 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?? Windows 2000.

????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ??????. ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????????. ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?? Active Directory. ?? ???? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ???????.

?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
  • ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????. ???????? ?????????? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????. ????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ????????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??????. ???? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ???????.
  • ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? Active Directory ????? ?????? "?????? ????? ?????????" (APIs) ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????. ???? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????. ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? "???? ????? ??????? ???????" ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????. ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft" :
    815263 ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ?? "???? ????? ??????? ???????"
  • ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ????.
  • ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??????. ????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ??????. ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????.
  • ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? FRS ?? Active Directory ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? NTFS.
    ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
    318116 ?????? ????? ?????? Jet ??? ?????? ??????? ????????

????? ????? ??? Active Directory ???????? ???????? ??

  • ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? NTDS ????????. ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\DSA Database File
    ?????? ????????? ?? %windir%\Ntds. ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????:
    Ntds.dit
    Ntds.pat
  • ?? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? Active Directory. ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\Database Log Files Path
    ?????? ????????? ?? %windir%\Ntds. ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????:
    • EDB*.log
    • Res*.log
    • Edb*.jrs
    • Ntds.pat
    ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? Ntds.pat.
  • ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? NTDS ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters\DSA Working Directory
    ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????:
    • Temp.edb
    • Edb.chk

????? ????? ??? ????? SYSVOL

  • ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? "???? ????? ??????? ???????" (FRS) ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NtFrs\Parameters\Working Directory
    ?????? ????????? ?? %windir%\Ntfrs. ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????:
    • edb.chk ?? ???? %windir%\Ntfrs\jet\sys
    • Ntfrs.jdb ?? ???? %windir%\Ntfrs\jet
    • *.log ?? ???? %windir%\Ntfrs\jet\log
  • ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? FRS ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\Currentcontrolset\Services\Ntfrs\Parameters\DB Log File Directory
    ?????? ????????? ?? %windir%\Ntfrs. ?? ???????? ??????? ???????:
    • Edb*.log (?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????).
    • FRS Working Dir\Jet\Log\Edb*.jrs (Windows Server 2008 ?Windows Server 2008 R2).
    ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? ????????. ?????????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??????????. ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????. ????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ??????? FRS ?DFSR.
  • ?? ?????? ????? ?????? "???????" ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??????.
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\Currentcontrolset\Services\NtFrs\Parameters\Replica Sets\GUID\Replica Set Stage

    ?????????? ?????? ????? "???????" ?????? ??????:
    %systemroot%\Sysvol\Staging areas
    ?? ???????? ??????? ???????:
    • Nntfrs_cmp*.*
  • ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? Sysvol\Sysvol.

    ?????? ?????? ?????? Sysvol\Sysvol ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????. ?????? ?????? Sysvol\Sysvol ?????? ??????:
    %systemroot%\Sysvol\Domain
    ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????:
    • *.adm
    • *.admx
    • *.adml
    • Registry.pol
    • *.aas
    • *.inf
    • Fdeploy.inf
    • Scripts.ini
    • *.ins
    • Oscfilter.ini
  • ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? FRS Preinstall ??????? ?? ?????? ??????:
    ???_????? ???????\DO_NOT_REMOVE_NtFrs_PreInstall_Directory
    ???? ?????? Preinstall ??????? ?????? ????? ???? FRS ??? ???????.

    ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????:
    • Ntfrs*.*
  • ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? DFSR ????????? ???????. ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??????:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\Currentcontrolset\Services\DFSR\Parameters\Replication Groups\GUID\Replica Set Configuration File=Path >
    ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? "Path" ??? ???? ??? XML ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ???????. ?? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? "Domain System Volume".

    ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????:
    %systemdrive%\System Volume Information\DFSR
    ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????:
    • $db_normal$
    • FileIDTable_*
    • SimilarityTable_*
    • *.xml
    • $db_dirty$
    • $db_lost$
    • Dfsr.db
    • Fsr.chk
    • *.frx
    • *.log
    • Fsr*.jrs
    • Tmp.edb
    ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ????????.

????? ????? ??? ????? DFS

??? ??????? ??? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?? SYSVOL ??? ??????? FRS ?? DFSR ?????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ????? DFS ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?? Windows Server 2008 ?? Windows Server 2003 ?? Windows 2000.

????? ????? ??? ??? ????? DHCP

?????????? ???? ????? DHCP ???? ??? ?? ??? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????:
%systemroot%\System32\DHCP
?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????:
  • *.mdb
  • *.pat
  • *.log
  • *.chk
  • *.edb
???? ????? ???? ????? DHCP. ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? DHCP ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? DatabasePath? ?DhcpLogFilePath? ?BackupDatabasePath ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\DHCPServer\Parameters

??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????? Windows Server 2008 ?Windows Server 2003 ?Windows 2000

????? ????? ??? ????? DNS

?????? DNS ?????? ?????? ???? ???????:
%systemroot%\System32\Dns
?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????:
  • *.log
  • *.dns
  • BOOT

????? ????? ??? ????? WINS

?????? ????? WINS ?????? ?????? ???? ???????:
%systemroot%\System32\Wins
?? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????:
  • *.chk
  • *.log
  • *.mdb

??????? ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? Hyper-V ?? ???? ????? Windows

?? ??? ????????????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? Windows Server 2008 ??????? ???? ??? Hyper-V ?? ??? ???? Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 ?? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2008 R2? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
961804 ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???? Hyper-V ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ????????: "0x800704C8" ?? "0x80070037" ?? "0x800703E3"

???????

???? ???????: 822158 - ????? ??? ??????: 07/????? ??????/1433 - ??????: 3.0
????? ???
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP Media Center Edition 2005 Update Rollup 2
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Windows Vista Business
  • Windows Vista Business 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Enterprise
  • Windows Vista Enterprise 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Home Basic
  • Windows Vista Home Basic 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Home Premium
  • Windows Vista Home Premium 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Ultimate
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows Web Server 2008 R2
  • Windows 7 Enterprise
  • Windows 7 Home Basic
  • Windows 7 Home Premium
  • Windows 7 Professional
  • Windows 7 Ultimate
????? ??????: 
kbinfo kbprb kbexpertiseinter kbsecurity KB822158

????? ???????

 

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