????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? "????? ???? ????? ???????" (RBLs) ?????? ????? ????? ????????? ?? Exchange 2003

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 823866 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? ??????? ????? ????? ? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? (UCE) ?? ??????? ?????? ??.

????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? Exchange ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? (RBL) ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????????? "blacklisted". ????? ????? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???.

???????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??.

???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? SMTP ????? ?????. ???????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????.

????? ???

?????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? Microsoft Exchange Server 2003. ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? (RBL) ?? ????? ???????.

????? ????? ????? ???

??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? Protocol (SMTP) ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? (IP) ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??????? "(RBL). ?? RBL ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? (UCE) ?? ???? ???????? ????? ?????. UCE ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????. ????? ??? ??????? ???????? UCE ?? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ??????? relays "???" ?? ?????? ????? ???????.

?????? SMTP ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? (DNS) ?????? IP ?? ????? ?????? ??????. Exchange Server 2003 ????? ????????? ??? ???? RBL ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????? (???? ????? ??? A) ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? RBL. ????? ???? RBL ????? DNS ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????. ???? ???? RBL ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????:
Reverse IP address of the sending mail server. DNS suffix of the RBL provider
??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? IP ????? ?????? ?????? 172.16.21.5 ???? ??? ????? DNS ????? ????? RBL contoso.com ?????? Exchange 2003 ?? 5.21.16.172.contoso.com.

????? ???? RBL ???? ?????????? ???????:
  • "?? ??? ?????? ??? ??????": ???? ???? RBL ????? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? IP ??????? ?? DNS ????? ?????.
  • "127.0.0. Status code": RBL ???? ????? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ????? IP ??????? ?? DNS ????? ?????. Status code ??? ??? offense. ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????.
?? ???? ???? ?? ???? RBL DNS ????? IP SMTP ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? RCPT TO ?????:
550 5.x.x
????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??. ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? RBL ????????? ?? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ?? Exchange 2003. ?? Exchange Server ????????? ?????? RBL ????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????.

????? ???? ????? ???????

?????? ???? ????? ????? ?? Exchange 2003? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ????? ???? Exchange.
  2. ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  3. ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????.
  4. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ?????.
  5. ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ???????.
  6. ?? ?????? ????? DNS ?? ???? ???? ????? DNS ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? IP.
  7. ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????.

    ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ??????????. ????? ????? ??????????:
    IP address?? ??? ?????? Rule name of the connection filter
    ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ???????:
    • %0: ????? IP ????? ?????? ??????
    • %1: ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???????
    • %2: ???? RBL
    ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? IP %0 ?? ??? ???? "????? ????? ????? ???????" % 2. ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ????? ???????:
    ????? IP IP address ?? ???? ?? ??? ???? "????? ????? ????? ???????" RBL provider.
  8. ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? RBL ???? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ???????:
    • ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? "?? ??? ?????" ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? "?????" ??? ?? ???? ??????.
    • ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????. ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ??.

      ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? IP ??? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?????? IP ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????????.
    • ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ?? "?????????? ???????" ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??.
    ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? "?????".
  9. ???? ??? ????? ?????.
  10. ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? "?????":
    ????? ????? ? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? IP ?????? ??????? SMTP ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ???????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ???.

????????? ???? ??????? ???????

????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???????:
  • ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? IP ????? ?????? ??????.
  • ??? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? IP ????? ?????? ??????.
???? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? RBL. ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??? ?? ???? RBL ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????.

?????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? IP ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ???? ??? ????? IP ???? ?????? IP ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? IP ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????.
???? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? IP ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ? ???? ??? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ???? ??? ????? IP ???? ?????? IP ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? IP ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????.

    ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? deny ????????. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? deny ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???? Exchange 2003 ???? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???????.

????? ???? ????? ?????????

??? ??????? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????????. ????? ????? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????????? ????????.

?????? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ????? ???? Exchange.
  2. ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  3. ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????.
  4. ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  5. ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ??????.

????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????? SMTP

??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ????? SMTP ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????????. ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? SMTP ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ????? ???? Exchange.
  2. ????? ?????? ?? ?????? Server Name ????? ?????????? ?? ?? ?????? SMTP.
  3. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? SMTP ??????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  4. ?? ??????? ???? ???? ??? "?????? ??????".
  5. ???? ??? ????? IP ???? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  6. ?? ???? ?????? "?????" ? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????.
  7. ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  8. ?? ?????? ????? ???? SMTP ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????.
  9. ??? ??????? ?? 2 ??? 8 ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ???????.

???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????????

???? ???? ??? SMTP ????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ????? RBL ?? ???? ????? ?????????. ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? SMTP ????? ??????:
  • ????? SMTP:

    telnet mail1.contoso.org 25

    ????? ???? ?????? ????:

    Exchange Server ???? ?? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? SMTP ?????? ???????. ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? SMTP ??????? ? Exchange Server ?????? ???????. ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ??? ????? ????? ???? Exchange.
    2. ????? ????????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ? ????? ???? ??????? Exchange ? ?? ?????? ?????????? ? ????? SMTP ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? SMTP ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    3. ???? ??? ????? ??????? Access ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    4. ??? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? IP ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????????.
  • ????? SMTP:

    EHLO domain.com
  • ????? SMTP:

    ?????? FROM: joe @ domain.com

    ????? ???? ?????? ????:
    1. ????? Exchange Server ???????? ???? ? ??? ????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????:
      • ??? ??? ????? IP ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? RBL ?????? ?????.
      • ??? ??? ????? IP ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? Exchange Server ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????:
        ?? ??? ?????? 550 5.7.0
    2. ????? ??????? Server ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? Exchange Server ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????:
      ?????? 554 5.1.0 ???
  • ????? SMTP:

    RCPT TO: sally @ contoso.org

    ????? ???? ?????? ????:
    1. ????? Exchange Server ?? ?????? SMTP ?? ????? ????????? ????? ???? ????? ?????. ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??? "?????????" ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ??? ????? SMTP ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? Exchange Server RBL.
    2. ????? Exchange Server ????????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? Exchange Server ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????:
      ?? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? 550 5.7.1: ???? ?????? ??? ??????
    3. ????? Exchange Server RBL. ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? Exchange Server ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????:
      550 5.7.1 ?? ??? 169.254.1.253 ???? ???????.
    4. ???? Exchange Server ????? ???? ???????? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? Active Directory Exchange Server ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????:
      550 5.1.1 ???????? ??? ?????
      ?? ??? ?????????? ?? Exchange Server ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????.
  • ????? SMTP:

    DATA <CRLF>.<CRLF>

    ???????? ??? ????? ?????? stands <crlf>?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??????. ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ENTER.

    ????? ???? ?????? ????:

    ????? Exchange Server ?? ?????? SMTP ???? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? Exchange Server ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????:
    ??? ?????? 554 5.1.0
  • ????? SMTP:

    QUIT

    ????? ???? ?????? ????:

    ??? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??? Exchange. ???? Exchange Server ?? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ????????.

???????

???? ???????: 823866 - ????? ??? ??????: 13/????/1428 - ??????: 3.5
????? ???
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbhowtomaster KB823866 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????823866

????? ???????

 

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