???????? ??????? ??????? (RBLs) ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? Exchange 2003 ??? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ???? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 823866 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?? ????? ??

??????

?? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ???????? Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 ??? ??????? ???-?-??? ?? ?-??????? ????????? ??? (UCE) ??? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????

??????? ????????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ???? ?-??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? "blacklisted" ???????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ???? (RBL) ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? Exchange ????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ?? ????? ???, ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ????

??? ??, ?? ???????????? ??????? ?? ?-??? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ????

?? ???? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? SMTP ??????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??, ?? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???-?????? ??????????

?????

?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 ??? ????????? ???????????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ????????? ?? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?????????, ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ???????? ????? ???? (RBL) ??????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ????? ???? ??? ???

???? ??? ???? ??????? ???????

??? ???? ????????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????? (IP) ??? ?? ??? ???????? ????? ???? (RBL) ????? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????????? (SMTP) ?? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ????????? ??? ??? RBL ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?-??? ?? ?-??????? ????????? ??? (UCE) ?? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? UCE ?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?-??? ?? UCE ?? ????? "????" relays ?? ????-?? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ?-??? ????? ????? ???

SMTP ????? ????? ??? ?????? (DNS) ???? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? IP ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??? Exchange Server 2003 RBL ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?? ????? (?? ???? ?? ???????) ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? RBL ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? RBL ??????? existence ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? DNS ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ??? RBL ??????? ????? ??:
?????? ??? ????? ?? IP ??? ?????.RBL ??????? ?? DNS ???????
?????? ?? ???, ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? IP ??? ?? 172.16.21.5 ?? ??? RBL ??????? ?? DNS ??????? contoso.com, Exchange 2003 ??????? 5.21.16.172.contoso.com ?? ????

RBL ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ??:
  • "????? ???? ????": RBL ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ??????? DNS ?????? ???? ??? IP ??? ????? ???? ???
  • "127.0.0??????? ???": RBL ??????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??? IP ??? ??????? DNS ??? ????? ????????? ???offense ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???
??? IP ??? RBL ??????? DNS ??? ????? ??, SMTP ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?? ??? RCPT????:
550 5.x.x
?? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ?? prioritize ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? RBL ??????? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???, ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?? 2003 ??? Exchange ??? ???? ?????? ?? ??? Exchange ????? ?????? ???? RBL ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? obtains ???? ????

??? ??????? ?????? ?????

????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? Exchange 2003, ?? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. Exchange ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????
  2. ??????? ??????????? ????????, ????-????? ????????? ?? ????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??????.
  3. ????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ????..
  4. ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ?????, ?? ??? ????? ????add.
  5. ????????????? ???????? ???, ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??????
  6. ???????????? ?? DNS ???????????? ???, DNS ??????? ??????? appends IP ??? ???? ?????
  7. ?????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???, ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??????

    ?? ????? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??:
    IP ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???
    ?? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???:
    • %0: ?????? ??? ????? ?? IP ???
    • %1: ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???
    • %2: RBL ???????
    ?????? ?? ???, ??? ?? ?????%0 IP ??? % 2 ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????????????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???, ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??:
    IP ???IP ??????????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ??RBL ???????.
  8. ????? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? RBL ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ?? ???? ?????, ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?????:
    • ????? ????,???? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????
    • ????? ????,???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????, ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?????

      ???:??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ??? IP ??? ??????? ?? ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? IP ??? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ???
    • ????? ????,???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????
    ?? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ???, ????? ????OK.
  9. ????? ????,OK?? ?? ??? ????? ????..
  10. ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??, ????? ????OK:
    ???????, ???????????? ?? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ????????? SMTP ????? ?? ??????? IP ??? ????????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??????

??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????

?? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???:
  • ?????? ??? ????? ?? IP ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ????
  • Deny delivery based on the IP address of the sending mail server.
This functionality permits you to override the RBL settings. This is helpful when you want to permit a domain that has just been removed from an RBL site to send e-mail to the local domain.

To permit delivery based on the IP address of the sending mail server, follow these steps:
  1. ????? ????Connection Filtering??? ??,??????? ?????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???add.
  2. ????? ????,Single IP Addressto add one IP address, or clickGroup of IP Addressesto add a whole subnet.
To deny delivery based on the IP address of the sending mail server, follow these steps:
  1. ????? ????Connection Filtering??? ??,???????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???add.
  2. ????? ????,Single IP Addressto add one IP address, or clickGroup of IP Addressesto add a whole subnet.

    ???:??????? accept ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??????? accept ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ??????, Exchange 2003 appropriately ??????? ???? ?? ?? ??????? denies ?? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?????

??? ???????????? ?????? ?????

?? ????? ???? ???????????? ?????????, ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?-??? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ???, ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?-??? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ???? ???????????? ??????????

????? ?? ??? ??? ???????????? ??????, ?? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. Exchange ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????
  2. ??????? ??????????? ????????, ????-????? ????????? ?? ????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??????.
  3. ????? ???????????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ????..
  4. ???? ????? ?-??? ??? ?? ?????? ?-??? ???????, ?? ??? ????? ????add, ?-??? ??? ???? ????, ?? ???? ???OK.
  5. ?? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?-??? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ????, ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????????????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????.

??????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??????? SMTP ??????? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????

?? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? SMTP ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? SMTP ??????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. Exchange ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????
  2. ??????? ?????????, ??????? ????????? ???, ??????? ?????????????, ?? ???? ??? ??????? ????SMTP.
  3. SMTP ??????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????-????? ???????.
  4. ????? ?????????????? ??,?????.
  5. IP ??? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??????????.
  6. ??????????????? ????? ???, ?? ?? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????.
  7. ????? ????,OK????? ????,OK????? ????,???? ?????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???OK.
  8. ???? ?? ?????? ???? SMTP ??????? ????? ?? ???????? ?????
  9. ???????? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??? 8 ?? ?????? ?? 2 ?? ????????

??????? ????????? ?? ???????????? ????????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ????

????? ????? SMTP ???? illustrates ??? ?????? ?????????, ?? ?? ???? ?? ?? ?? RBL ??????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ????? SMTP ?? ??????????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ????????? ?????? ??????? ????:
  • SMTP ????:

    ?????? mail1.contoso.org 25

    ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?? ???? ??:

    Exchange ????? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? SMTP ??????? ?????? ??? accessing ???????? SMTP ??????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??, ?? Exchange ????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
    1. Exchange ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????
    2. ??????? ???????????????? ????, ??????? ??????????? ???? Exchange ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????, ??????? ?????????????, ??????? ????SMTP, ???? SMTP ?? ????-????? ??????? ?????, ?? ???? ??????.
    3. ????? ???????????? ????? ????, ?? ???? ??????????.
    4. ???????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?? ????????? ????? ??, ??? ??? ???? IP ??? ????????????????? ????
  • SMTP ????:

    EHLOdomain.com
  • SMTP ????:

    ?? ??? ????:joe@domain.com

    ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?? ???? ??:
    1. Exchange Server ???? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?? ??????????? ??????????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? .:
      • ??? ?????? ?? IP ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ????? ???, ?? ????? ?? ????????? ????? ???? ?? RBL ??? ???? ?? ??? ??? ???
      • ??? ?????? ?? IP ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ????????? ????? ???, Exchange ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??, ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??:
        550 5.7.0 ?? ????? ????? ??
    2. Exchange ????? ?? ???????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? .. ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??, Exchange ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??, ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??:
      ????? 554 5.1.0 ??????
  • SMTP ????:

    RCPT ???? ?? ???:sally@contoso.org

    ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?? ???? ??:
    1. Exchange Server ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? SMTP ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? .. ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? SMTP ??? ????? ???? ??, ?? Exchange Server bypasses RBL.
    2. Exchange ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????????????? ?? ???? ???? ???????????????? ???????????????? ??????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? .. ??? ?? ???? ??? ???????????? ????? ????? ???? ??, ?? Exchange Server ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??:
      550 5.7.1 Requested ?????? ???? ?? ??: ???????? ?????? ???? ??
    3. Exchange Server RBL ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??, ?? Exchange ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??, ?? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??:
      550 5.7.1169.254.1.253???????? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ????
    4. Exchange ????? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ?????????????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? .. ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??, ?? ??? ???????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????, Exchange Server ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???:
      550 5.1.1 ?????? ??????????
      ?? ???????? ???, Exchange ????? ?? ??????? ??? ???? ??, ?? ???? ?-??? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????
  • SMTP ????:

    DATA <crlf>.<crlf></crlf></crlf>

    ???:?? ??????? ???, ?? carriage ?? ??? <crlf>stands ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ??????????, ?? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? carriage ?? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? ENTER.</crlf>

    ??? ?????? ????????? ?? ?? ???? ??:

    Exchange ????? ??? ??? ???? SMTP ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? .. If the sender appears in this list, Exchange Server closes the connection, and then returns the following error message to the sender:
    554 5.1.0 Sender Denied
  • SMTP command:

    QUIT

    Mail flow process that occurs:

    If the message meets all criteria, the message is accepted by Exchange. Exchange Server then delivers the message to the appropriate mailbox.

???

???? ID: 823866 - ????? ???????: 05 ?????? 2010 - ??????: 2.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Enterprise Edition
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 Standard Edition
??????: 
kbhowtomaster kbmt KB823866 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:823866

??????????? ???

 

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