??????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? "Active Directory" ???? ???? ???? ??? ??? DNS 2087 ???? ????? ?? ????? 2088 ????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 824449 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 Active Directory ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? DNS. ??? ??? ????????? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??? DNS ???? ??? ????? ???????.

?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????, 2087 ???? ????? "?" ????? 2088 ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ???? ?????? Service Pack 1 (SP1). ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??? DNS ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? "Active Directory". ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????????? ??????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?????? SP1 ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? DNS ?? ??? ??????? NetBIOS ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? Windows (WINS). ??? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ???? DNS ?? ????? ????? ???? DNS ??? ????? ???????? Active.

???????

??? Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1) - ???????? ??? ???? ???? ??????, ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????? "???? ??????".

??????? ??????

?????: ???
????: ????? ???????? NTDS
?????: ???? RPC DS
????? ?????: 2087
????????: LOGON AUTHORITY\ANONYMOUS NT
ComputerName ?????????:
?????:
???? ??? ???? Active Directory ?? ??? ???? DNS ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????? IP. ???? ??? ????? ?????? "?" ??????? ???????? "?" ????????? ?? "Active Directory" ?? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????????. ???? ??????? ?????? ? ??? ???????? ? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?? ??? ?????, ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ???????.

???? ?????? ??????? ??????: DomainControllerName
failing ??? ???? DNS: ._msdcs GUID. DNSDomainName

??????: ?????????? ??? ??? 10 ???? ??? DNS ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? 12 ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? 10. ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? 1:

???? ?????:
???? RPC DS HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Diagnostics\22

????? ????????:

1) ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?GUID ????? NTDSDSA ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ntdsutil.exe, ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? MSKB 216498.

2) ????? ????? ?????? Active Directory ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? "??? \\<source DC net view >" ?? "ping < DC ?????? ??? >".

3) ???? ???????? ???? DNS ???? ?? DNS ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? CNAME ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ? ???????? ????? DCDIAG.EXE ???????? ??????? DNS ??? http://www.microsoft.com/dns

dcdiag /test:dns

4) ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? DNS ???? ?????? DNS ?????? ????? ????? DCDIAG.EXE ??????? DNS ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???:

dcdiag /test:dns

5) ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? DNS ???? ??? ??? 824449 ????????: http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=824449

?????? ??????
???? ?????:
11004 ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????.

????? 2

?????: ?????
????: ????? ???????? NTDS
?????: ???? RPC DS
????? ?????: 2088
????????: LOGON AUTHORITY\ANONYMOUS NT
???? ?????????: ComputerName
?????:
????? ??????? Active Directory DNS ?? ????? IP ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?????. ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ? ??? ???????? ? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? Active ????? ???????? NetBIOS ?? ??? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????.

?? ???? ??????? ????? DNS ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????? ?? ??? ?????? Active ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ???????.

??? ?? ??? ????? ????? DNS ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ????? IP ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????? DNS.

??? ?????? ??????: AlternateServerName
failing ??? ???? DNS: ._msdcs GUID. DNSDomainName

??????: ?????????? ??? ??? 10 ???? ??? DNS ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? 12 ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? 10. ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? 1:

???? ?????:
???? RPC DS HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Diagnostics\22

????? ????????:

1) ??? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?GUID ????? NTDSDSA ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ntdsutil.exe, ???????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????? MSKB 216498.

2) ????? ????? ?????? Active Directory ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? "??? \\<source DC net view >" ?? "ping < DC ?????? ??? >".

3) ???? ???????? ???? DNS ???? ?? DNS ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? CNAME ????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ? ???????? ????? DCDIAG.EXE ???????? ??????? DNS ??? http://www.microsoft.com/dns

dcdiag /test:dns

4) ?????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? DNS ???? ?????? DNS ?????? ????? ????? DCDIAG.EXE ??????? DNS ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???:

dcdiag /test:dns

5) ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? DNS ???? ??? ??? 824449 ????????: http://support.microsoft.com/?kbid=824449

?????? ??????
???? ?????:
11004 ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ???????.

???? ????? 2087 ???? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ????? DNS ?? NetBIOS ???. ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ????? 2087 ???? ??? ???? ??? ?? ????? IP ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ???????:
  • ??? ???? CNAME
  • ??? ????????? ?????? ?? DNS
  • ??? ??????? NetBIOS
???? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ???????, ?????? "Active Directory" ?? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????.

???? ???? ????? 2088 ?????? ???????:
  • ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ?? Active ????? ??? ???? CNAME ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? IP ???????? DNS.
  • ???? ?? Active Directory ????? ????? IP ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? DNS ?? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? NetBIOS ????? ?? WINS ?? ?? ?? NetBIOS.
?????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? NetBIOS ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??? DNS ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? DNS ????? "Active Directory" ??? ???.

?????

?? ????? ????? ??? DNS ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ??? ????? ????? ???????:
  • ???? 1: ???? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? "Active Directory" ??????? DNS ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????.
  • ???? 2: ???? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? DNS ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????.
????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? SRV ? ????? CNAME ?? DNS. ????? CNAME ??????? ._msdcs Dsa_Guid. Dns_Domain_Name. ?? Dsa_Guid GUID ???? ???? (DSA) ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???????. Dns_Domain_Name ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??????. ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? CNAME ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???.

???? ???? Net Logon ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ????? SRV. ???? ???? ???? DNS ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? (A) DNS ? ????? CNAME GUID.

?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ???:
  1. ?????? ???? ???? ?????? DNS ????? ?? ??? CNAME ??? ????? ???????? ????? ???.
  2. ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? DNS ??? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ???. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? dc 03.corp.contoso.com.
  3. ??? ??? ????? ??? A ?? DNS ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? NetBIOS ?? ???????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ???. ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? dc ????.

????

???? ?????? 1

?????? "Active Directory" ??????? DNS ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? "????? ????? Microsoft" ???????:
216498????? ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???????
??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ? ?? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???????. ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? Active ?????? DNS ????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????.

??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? DNS ?????? ??, ????? ??? ?????? 7 "??????? ????? ??????? ?? DNS."

???? 2

?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ??? DNS ?? ??? ????? ????????, ??? ?? ????? DNS ? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????.

????? ????? DNS ?????? ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ???????.

    ??? ?? ???? ???? ????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ??? DNS ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ????????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? DNS:
    • ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? (FQDN) ? ????? IP ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????.
    • FQDN ?????? IP ???? DNS ?????? ????? DNS ??? ???? "Active Directory".
    ?????????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? DNS ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? DNS ?????? ????? DNS ??? ???? "Active Directory" ??? ???? ???? ??????.
  2. ???? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ?????.
    1. ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? "???? ??????".
    2. ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    3. ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ??????? "??????" ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) ? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    4. ?? ??????? ?????? ???? DNS ???????, ???? ?? ?? ???? DNS ?????? ?? ???? DNS ?????? ?? ????? IP ?????? ????? DNS ?????? ????? DNS ??? ???? "Active Directory".

      ?????????? ??? ???? DNS ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???. ??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????????.
    5. ?? ???? ??? ?????? IP, ????? ??? ?????? 3. ??? ??? ????? IP ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? 7.
  3. ?????? ?? ???????.

    ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????? ping ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? IP ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? ????? DNS.
    ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ENTER ??? ?? ???:

    ????? ????? ping IP_Address_of_source_domain_controller
    ????? ????? ping IP_Address_DNS_server

    ?? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????. ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? ? ?????? ??? ?????. ?? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ?? DNS.
  4. ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? DNS.

    ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? DNS ????, ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? DNS. ?????? ????? ???? net start ? ???? DNS ? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ENTER.

    ??? ??? ???? ???? DNS ??? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? DNS ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???????, ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? DNS.

    ??? ?? ??? ????? ???? ???? DNS ? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????. ??? ?? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? DNS ????, ?????? ???? ???? DNS ???? ????? ???? ???? DNS. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ??? ???? ???? DNS.
    2. ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? DNS.
    3. ?? ??????? ????? DNS ? ???? ??? ????????? ??????.
    4. ??????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ??????? DNS ?????? ?????? ?? ????? IP ????? ??.
    5. ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    6. ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????.
  5. ???? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????.

    ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? CNAME DNS ._msdcs Dsa_Guid. Dns_Domain_Name ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? "???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ????? DNS ??? ???? "Active Directory" ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ??? ???? ???? DNS ?? ???? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? DNS ??? ?????? ?????? ????? DNS ???????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? "Active Directory".
    2. ?? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ???? _msdcs. Dns_Domain_Name.

      ?? Windows 2000 Server DNS _msdcs. Dns_Domain_Name ?????? ???? ?? ????? DNS ??? ???? "Active Directory". ?? Windows Server 2003 _msdcs. Dns_Domain_Name ????? ??????.
    ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? _msdcs. Dns_Domain_Name ?? ???:
    • ??? ???? CNAME ?????? ._msdcs Dsa_Guid. Dns_Domain_Name.
    • ??? ???? ??? ???? DNS ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ????? CNAME ????????.


    ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? 6 ????? ??? ???? Net Logon ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????????.
  6. ???? ?? ????? ???? ???? DNS ?????? ????? ??? ???? "Active Directory" ???? ????????? ???????.
    1. ?? ???? ???? DNS ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    2. ?? ??????? ??? ? ???? ?? ?? ??? ??????? Directory?integrated ??????.
    3. ?? ????????? ??????? ? ???? ??? ????? ???. (?? Windows 2000 Server ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ????????? ???? ???.)
  7. ????? ????? ???? DNS ?? DNS.

    ???? ???? Net Logon ??? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? DNS ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????, ???? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ENTER ??? ?? ???:

    ????? net stop "net ??????"

    ????? net start "net ??????"

    ???? ???? ???? DNS ??? ???? ?????? (A) ???? ??? ????? CNAME. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ipconfig /registerdns ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ENTER.
  8. ???? ?? ????? ??? ??????.

    ?????? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? 5, ???? ? ?? ????? ??? ??????."
  9. ??? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????.
    1. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? Active Directory ??????.
    2. ?? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? NTDS ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ???.
    3. ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ????.
    ????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ????? repadmin ? replmon. ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? Windows Server 2003. (???? ????? repadminrepadmin /syncall /d /e /P source_domain_controller.)
  10. ????????? ?? ????? ????.

    ??? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ? ?? ?? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???? DNS ?????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? DNS ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ????????:

??????? ????

????? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? Netdiag.exe ? Dcdiag.exe ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????? DNS ?Active Directory. ????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? Windows Server 2003. ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? Windows Server 2003 ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ???:
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=9d467a69-57ff-4ae7-96ee-b18c4790cffd&DisplayLang=en

???????

???? ???????: 824449 - ????? ??? ??????: 09/???/1428 - ??????: 4.3
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition for Itanium-based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbdirservices kbprb KB824449 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????824449

????? ???????

 

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