?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? Boot.ini ?? ????? ??????? Windows XP ?Windows Server 2003

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 833721 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? Boot.ini ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows XP ?? Microsoft Windows Server 2003.

?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
102873 ???????? ????? ???? ????? Boot.ini ?ARC ??????????

??????? ????

????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ????? Boot.ini.

?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows XP ?Microsoft Windows Server 2003? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???.

/basevideo

???? ??? ??????? /basevideo ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? VGA ??????? ?? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ???x??? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ???????. ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? /sos. ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???????. ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????.

/baudrate=????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????? kernel. ??? ???? ??????? ???? /baudrate=9600. ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? (Kbps) ??? ??? ?????? ??????. ????? ???? ?????? ????????? ???,??? ?????? ?? ??????? (Kbps) ???? ???? ????. ????? ?????? ?,??? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ????. ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? Boot.ini? ??? ????? ??? ??????? /debug ???? ??????.

?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
148954 ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ????
?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
151981 ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ????

/crashdebug

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? kernel ??? ??? ???? ???????. ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? Stop. ????? ??? ??????? /crashdebug ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? kernel ???????. ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? COM ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ????? Windows. ?? ???? ????? ???? ????? Windows? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????. (???? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ????.)

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
151981 ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ????

/debug

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? kernel ??? ??? ???? ????? Windows. ???? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ????? Windows ??? ????? COM. ????? ??? ??????? /crashdebug? ?????? ??? ??????? /debug ?????? COM ???? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
121543 ????? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ????

/debugport=com????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? COM1? ???? ???? ????????. ????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ??? ??????? /debugport ????? ??? COM2? ??? ??? ???????. ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? COM1. ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ????? Boot.ini? ???? ??? ??????? /debug ?????.

?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
151981 ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ????

/maxmem=????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? (RAM) ???? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ????? Windows? ???????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ????? Windows ??? ????? ??? ?? ?? ????????? ?????? ??? ??????? /maxmem=64.

??? ????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? /maxmem ??????? ??????? ????????. ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? /burnmemory. ???? ??? ??????? /burnmemory ??????? ??????? ????????.

??? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? /Maxmem=64? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????????. ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? Windows.

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
108393 ??? ??????? /maxmem ?? ????? Boot.ini ????? ????? ????? Windows

/noguiboot

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ????? Windows. (???? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????.)

/nodebug

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???????. ???? ?? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? Stop ??? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????.

/numproc=????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ???? ????? Windows ???????? ??? ??? ???????. ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? (???) ???? ????? ???. ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? (CPU) ??????? ????????.

/pcilock

??????? ??????? ???????? ??? x86? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? Peripheral Connect Interface (PCI) (?????? ????? ??????? ???????). ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? "???? ???????/??????? ???????" (BIOS) ?????? ???????.

/fastdetect:com????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? Ntdetect.com ?????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ???????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???/fastdetect:com? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ????????. ???? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ????. ?? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? /fastdetect? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ????? ?????????.

?????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Windows? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????? /noserialmice.

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
131976 ????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ???????

/sos

???? ??? ??????? /sos ????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????. ????? ????????? ??????????? ???? ???? Windows Loader (???? ????? Windows) ??? ??? ????? ??????. ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? /basevideo ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???.

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
99743 ????? ?? ????? Boot.ini ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? Windows NT

/PAE

?????? ??? ??????? /PAE ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? Boot.ini ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? "???? ??????? ??????" (PAE) ???? ??????? ???? ????. ??? ?? "????? ????"? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? kernel ?????? ??? ??? ??? ??? ??????? /PAE ??????.

??? ?????/HAL=

??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? "???? ????? ???????? ???????" (HAL) ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? /HAL=halmps.dll ?????? ????? Halmps.dll ?? ?????? System32. ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? "???? ????? ???????? ?????" (HAL) ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ??? Hal.dll. ????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????. ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? /kernel.

??? ?????/kernel=

??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? kernel ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ???????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? /kernel=ntkrnlmp.exe ?????? ????? Ntkrnlmp.exe ?? ?????? System32. ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? kernel ????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?kernel ????.

/bootlog

???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? systemroot\Ntbtlog.txt. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? "??????? Windows".

/burnmemory=????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ????? Windows? ???????????. ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? "????? ?????? ????????" (RAM). ??? ???? ??????? ???? /burnmemory=128 ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? Windows ?? ??? ????????.

/3GB

???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??? x86 ??? ????? ? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? kernel ????????? ?????????. ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ????????. ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ?? ? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? Windows ??????? ?? ??? ????????. ???? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? kernel ??? ? ????????. ?? ????? ??? ????????? ?? Microsoft Exchange Server 2003 ?????? ??????? Microsoft Windows Server 2003 ???? ??? ??????? ???.

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
823440 ??????? ??? ??????? /3GB ?? Exchange Server 2003 ??? ???? ????? ??? Windows Server 2003


????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
171793 ??????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????

/safeboot:??????

???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ????? Windows ?? "????? ?????". ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ???????:
  • minimal
  • network
  • safeboot:minimal(alternateshell)
????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ????? Boot.ini ?? ??? ??????? ?????/safeboot:. ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? Safe Mode (????? ?????) ?? ????? ????????? ???? ???????.
  • Safe Mode with Networking (????? ????? ???????? ????)
    /safeboot:minimal /sos /bootlog /noguiboot
  • Safe Mode with Networking (????? ????? ???????? ????)
    /safeboot:network /sos /bootlog /noguiboot
  • Safe Mode with Command Prompt (????? ????? ????? ???????)
    /safeboot:minimal(alternateshell) /sos /bootlog /noguiboot
?????? ???? ???? ??????? /sos ?/bootlog ?/noguiboot ?????? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? F8? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???????.

/userva

?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? /3GB. ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? kernel ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? (PTE) ?? ???????? ??? ????? ? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????.

?????? ????? "????? ??? ???????? ?? Microsoft" ???? ???????? ???? ????? ???? ??????? /USERVA ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????. ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??????. ????? ?? ???? ????? /userva=2900 ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? /USERVA? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
316739 ????? ??????? ??? ??????? /userva ?? ??? ??????? /3GB ?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ? ?? ????????
????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (?? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? (????? ?? ??? ?????? ???)):
810371 ??????? ??? ??????? /USERVA ??? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ????? ?????? Exchange Server
323427 ????? ????? ????? Boot.ini ?? ???? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ??????
317526 ????? ????? ????? Boot.ini ?? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003
317521 ??? ????? BOOTCFG ???????????
289022 ????? ????? ??? Boot.ini ?? ???? ??????? Windows XP
291980 ?????? ??? ????? Bootcfg ???????????

/redirect

?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? "????? ????? ??????? ???????" (EMS) ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003? ??????? Enterprise Edition. ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? "????? ????? ??????? ???????" (EMS)? ???? ?? Emergency Management Services (????? ????? ??????? ???????) ?? "????????? ?????? ?? Windows".

?????? "????? ????? ??????? ???????" (EMS) ?????? ????? ????? Boot.ini ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? x86? ?? ?????? ?????? [boot loader] (???? ????? ???????) ??????? [operating systems] (????? ???????) ?? ????? Boot.ini. ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ????????? ???????:
  • ??? [boot loader] (???? ????? ???????)? ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ???????? ???????:
    redirect=COMx
    ?? ??? ???????? ?????? x ???? ????? ???? COM ???????:
    ?
    ?
    ?
    ?
    redirect=USEBIOSSETTINGS
    ???? ??? ??????? ?? "???? ???????/??????? ???????" (BIOS) ????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? COM ???? ??? ???????? ?? "????? ????? ??????? ???????" (EMS).
  • ??? [boot loader] (???? ????? ???????)? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????:
    redirectbaudrate=baudrate
    ?????? baudrate ????? ????? ???????:
    ????
    ?????
    ?????
    ??????
    ????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? "????? ????? ??????? ???????" (EMS) ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? (Kbps) ????? ??????.
  • ??? [operating systems] (????? ???????)? ?? ?????? ?????? /redirect ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? "????? ????? ??????? ???????" (EMS). ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???:
    [boot loader]
    timeout=30
    default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
    redirect=COM1
    redirectbaudrate=19200
    [operating systems]
    multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Windows Server 2003, Enterprise" /fastdetect
    multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Windows Server 2003, EMS" /fastdetect /redirect

/channel

?????? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? /debug ???? ??????? /debugport ?????? ???? ????? Windows ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?? "???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????????" (IEEE). ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ????? ??????? Microsoft Windows XP ?? ????. ???? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ? ??? ??. ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ????. ????? ???? ??????? Windows XP ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????????? ?????? ???? ????. ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ?????? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????????? ??????. ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ? ??? ??.

?????? ????????? ??????

  1. ?? ?????? ????? Boot.ini ?????? ?????? /CHANNEL=x ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??. ?????? x ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????????. ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? [operating systems] (????? ???????) ?? ????? Boot.ini ?????? ??????:
    [boot loader]
    timeout=30
    default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS
    [operating systems]
    multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Windows Server 2003, Enterprise" /fastdetect /debug /debugport=1394 /CHANNEL=3
  2. ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????.
  3. ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ??????. ?????? ????? ?? ?????? "????? ???????"? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  4. ??? ????? ???? ?????????.

?????? ????????? ??????

  1. ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????.
  2. ?? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? kernel.
  3. ?? ?????? ???? ???????. ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ???????:
    set_NT_DEBUG_BUS=1394
    set_NT_DEBUG_1394_CHANNEL=x
    kd -k
  4. ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? kernel? ?? ???? ????? ??????:
    kd.exe
??? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ??????. ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????.

???????

???? ???????: 833721 - ????? ??? ??????: 22/???/1428 - ??????: 5.3
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Web Edition
  • Microsoft Windows XP 64-Bit Edition Version 2003
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
????? ??????: 
KB833721

????? ???????

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com