?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???????? ?? Exchange Server 5.5

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 836500 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? (SMTP) ?? ???? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???? SMTP ?? ???? ??? ???????.

?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ?? ??????.

?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???? Exchange ????? ??.

?????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? Exchange ????? ??.

????? ???

???? ??? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 ???????.

?? ?? ??????

????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? SMTP ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? SMTP ???? ?? ???? ??? ???????.

??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ???? SMTP ?? ?????? ?????. ????? ???? SMTP ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????????. ?? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????.

?? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????

?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ??????? ??? ????????. ???? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?? ????. ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??????????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????.

?? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ?????????? relayed?

????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???? Exchange ????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ??????????.
  • ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ??.
  • ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????.
?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ? Adatum.com.

?? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??. ????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ??. ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ????? SMTP ?? user@adatum.com. ??? ???????? ???? ???? "??????". ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????. ????? ????? ???.
????? Ex: ??????: user@adventure-works.commailto:user@adventure-works.com.com> ??? ???????: user@alpineskihouse.commailto:user@alpineskihouse.com>.
?? ??????? ??????, ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ????. ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ????? SMTP ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? Exchange. ???? ???? ?????? (???? ???? ???? IMS) ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?? (@) ?????.
?????? ?????????? ???????? Ex: ????: user@adventure-works.commailto:user@adventure-works.com.com> ??? ???????: invaliduser@adatum.commailto:invaliduser@adatum.com>.
??? ???? ???????? ???????? "???? ???? ??????" ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ????????. ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ???? Exchange ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? (NDR) ??? ??????.

?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? (<>). ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??.

????? ???? ????????? (RFC) ????????? ????? ???? ???? Exchange ?????? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ??? ????? NDR. ??? ???? Exchange? ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ????? ?????. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?? Exchange ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ????? NDR.

????? ????? ????

??????? ????: ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? johnsmith@contoso.com. ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ???? "???????" ????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? contoso.com ????????. ??? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????????? ???????:
  1. ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? SMTP ?? ???? ???? server.adatum.com.
  2. ????? ????? ?????? server.adatum.com ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? server.adatum.com ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ????????.
  3. ?????? server.adatum.com ?????? ??????? ?????? ??????.
  4. ?????? server.adatum.com ????? ??? DNS ??? (MX) ????? ????? contoso.com. ???? ????? ?? DNS mail.contoso.com.
  5. ???? ?????? server.adatum.com ??????? ??? ???? mail.contoso.com ???????? SMTP. ???? ?????? mail.contoso.com ????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ????????.

?? ?? ????? ???????

???? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????????? relayed. ??? ????? "???? ???? ??????" ?? Exchange Server 5.5? ???? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???? ????????? ?????? ??????.

?? ?? ?????? ??????

???? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????. ???? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???.

?????? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????? . ????? ?????? ???? SMTP ????? (ESMTP). ???? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? SMTP ???? ??????? ESMTP ????????.

?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? (IP) ?????. ??? ?? ????? ????? ????????.

???? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ?????. ??? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???? Exchange ????? ??. ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????.

???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? guest ???????? ??? ???? ???? ????? (guest) ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? Exchange ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????. ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ????? ???? "???? ???? ??????"? ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????.

??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????????

?????? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? Exchange Server 5.5? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ???? Exchange? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ???????.
  2. ??? ????? ???????? ????? Microsoft Exchange Server? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???? Exchange ???? ???? ?????? "???? ??????" ????.
  3. ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????, ?? ???? ??? ???????.
  4. ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? (??? ??????).
  5. ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????.
  6. ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? SMTP ???????.
  7. ??? ????? ???????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  8. ??????? ????? ???? ?? "???? ??????" ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ? Microsoft Exchange.

    ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? SMTP ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????. ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ???. ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ???????.
  9. ?? ??? ??????? ?? "???? ???????"? ??? ???? ???? ????? 2010. ??? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ????????.
???? Microsoft ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????:
  • ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????.
  • ????? ???? ????????.
  • ????? ????? ???? ????????.

??? ?????? ??? ??????

???? ???????? "???? ???? ??????" ????? ?????? ??? ????? "???? ???? ??????" ?? Exchange Server 5.5. ???? ?????? ??? ????? Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 Service Pack 1 ?? ???? ???.

??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???? "??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? Exchange Server 5.5 ?????? ???? ????? ???????" ??? ?????.

??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? POP3 ?? IMAP4?

????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? 3 (POP3) ?? ?????? ?? "???????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????" ????? ??????? (IMAP4). ???? Microsoft ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????. ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ?? POP3 ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???? IMAP4? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ????? Microsoft Exchange Server ????.
  2. ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????, ?? ???? ??? ???????.
  3. ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? (??? ??????).
  4. ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????????.
  5. ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ????? ???? SMTP ?????? (POP3/IMAP4 ??????? ???).
  6. ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ????? <inbound></inbound> ???? ??? ????? ???.
  7. ???? ??? ???? ???????.
  8. ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? IP ?????? . ?? ???? ?? ?? ?????? IP ?? ??? ???.
  9. ???? ??? ????? ?????.
  10. ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????:
    ?????? Microsoft Exchange ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ????? ???????. ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? "?????" ?? ???? ???? Windows NT ????.
  11. ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? Microsoft Exchange ????.

??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????????

????? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???? ? ???? ??????. ???? ??? ??????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ???? POP3 ?? IMAP4 ???? ?????? ?????? ??????????. ?????? ?????? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ????? ????? Microsoft Exchange Server ????.
  2. ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????, ?? ???? ??? ???????.
  3. ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? (??? ??????).
  4. ??? ??? ???????? ???? ????????.
  5. ???? ??? ????? ? ???? ???????? ????? ???? SMTP ?????? (POP3/IMAP4 ??????? ???).
  6. ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ????? <inbound></inbound> ???? ??? ????? ???.
  7. ???? ??? ???? ???????.
  8. ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ????????.
  9. ???? ??? ?????
  10. ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????:
    ?????? Microsoft Exchange ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????????? ????? ???????. ????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? "?????" ?? ???? ???? Windows NT ????.
  11. ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? Exchange.

??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ??????? Exchange Server 5.5 ?????? ???? ????? ???????

???? ???????? ??? ????? ????? SMTP ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????. ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ????. ?? ???? Microsoft ???????? ??? ???????. ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ?? Exchange.

????? ????? ????? ??????? (????? ???? POP3/IMAP4) ?????? ?????????? SMTP ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????. ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????.

????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?. ??? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????.

????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ???? Exchange ????? ??. ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ???????. ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ?????. ????? ??? ????????? ?? ???:
  • ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? . ????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? ????? ????. ????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?????????? POP3 ?? IMAP4 ?????????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ??????.

    ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ???? "??? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ????????" ??????.
  • ????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? IP ?????? ???? ?? ??????? IP ?????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? Exchange ????? ??. ????? IP ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ????. ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??????.

    ?????? ?? ??? ????? IP ????? Exchange ?? ??? ????.

    ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ???:
    ????? IP: ????? IP =????? ????? IP "?????? ?????"
    ??? ???? ??????? ???? 1.2.3.4? ???? = 255.255.255.255.
  • ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??????? IP ??????? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? Exchange Server 5.5.

    ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? IP ????? ?????? ????. ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? "???? ??????".
  • ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? IP ?????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?????.

?????? ??? "??? ???? ??? ?????? "

??? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????? ???????

????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ???? ?????. ???????? telnet ??????? ????? Exchange ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????, ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ?? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??:
    • ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000? ???? ??? ??????? ???????:
      1. ?? ???? ???????? ???? telnet? ?? ???? ENTER.
      2. ??? local_echo ??????? ? ?? ???? ENTER.
      3. ??? ??? ????? IP ???? Exchange ????? ?? 25? ?? ???? ENTER.

        ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? IP ?? ???? Exchange 192.168.1.5? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ENTER:
        ??? 192.168.1.5 25
    • ??? ??? ?????? Microsoft Windows NT 4.0? ???? ??? ???????:
      1. ?? ???? ???????? ???? telnet ????? IP ?? ???? Exchange ????? ?? 25, ??? ?? ???? ENTER.

        ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????? IP ??????? ?????? ?? 192.168.1.5 ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER:
        telnet 192.168.1.5 25
      2. ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????.
      3. ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  3. ??? helo? ?? ???? ENTER. ????? ???? ????????? ??????? ?? "???? ???? ??????":
    250 ?????
  4. ??? ???? ??: username@Exchange domain.com ???????? ?? ???? ????.

    ???? ????????? ??????? ?? "???? ??????" ??????:
    250 ???? ?????--??domain.com username@Exchange ???????>
  5. ??? ???? ???:user@relaydomain.com? ?? ???? ????.

    ??????user@relaydomain.com ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????.

    ??? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??????:
    ?????? 550 ?????

    ??? ??? Internet Mail Service ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? "???? ???? ??????":
    250 ?????

??? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ????????

?????? POP3 ?? IMAP4 ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? Exchange ????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????????. ??? ??? ???? ????? IP ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????.

??? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ??????. ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ???????.
  2. ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ? ???? ??????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ??????:
    ??????\??? ??????
    ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ???????.
  3. ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ???? ????????? ? ?? ???? ??? ???????.
  4. ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ?? ???????:
    • ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ??? ???????? ?? Exchange Server 5.5? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????.
    • ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????.
  5. ???? ??? ?????.
??? ??? ?????? ?????? MAPI? ?????? ???? ???????? ????????. ??? ???? ?????? ??????.

?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???????? POP3 ?? IMAP4 ??? ??? ???????? ? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????. ?? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? Exchange.


?????? ??? "??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ??? Exchange Server 5.5 ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??????? "?

??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????

????? ???????: ?????? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????. ?????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????? ?? ??? ?????.

???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????.

?? ?? ?????? ???????? NDR ?????

????? ????? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????. ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??????. ????? ???? ???? Exchange ????? ?? NDR ??? ??? ???. ???? ??? ???????? ????? NDR ????. ????? NDR ???? ??? ????? ???:
  • ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????.
  • ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ????.
???? ?????? ?????? ????? NDR ????.

?????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??? @adatum.com.

?????? ?? Adatum.com ?????? ????? ??? invaliduser@adatum.com. ??? ???? ???? Exchange ?????? ????? MAILFROM ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? user@adventure-works.com ?????. ???? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? NDR. ???? ??? NDR ??? user@adventure-works.com. User@adventure-works.com ???? ?????? ????? ??? NDR ??? ????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ?????.

????? NDR ???? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? NDRs ???????? ??? ????.

??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ???????

????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? relayed ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? Exchange. ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5:
  1. ???? Internet Mail Service ??????? ?? ???? SMTP ???????.
  2. ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? MTS IN ???? ?????????. ?? ????? ?????? MTS-??? ??? ????? ??????? ?? SMTP ????? ?????? ????? ????? ????????.
  3. ???? Exchange ?????? ???? ????????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? "???" ?????.
  4. ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ????????? ??? ????? "????? ??????" ???? ?????? NDR ????? ?????. NDR ?? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? Exchange ??? ????? SMTP ?? MTS OUT ???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????????.
  5. NDR ??????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ??????????.
  6. ???? NDR ?? ?????? Exchsrvr\Imcdata\Out. ??? ?????? ??????? ?? "???? ???? ??????"? NDR ???.
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? Exchange ????? I\O? ??????? CPU ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????. ???????? ??? ??? 100 ???????. ??? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ????????? ????? ????????? ???? NDRs ?? ???? Exchsrvr\Imcdata\Out.

??? ???? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????

??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? Exchange Server 5.5 ??? ???? ?????. ?? ???? ???????? ???? Microsoft ?? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????. ??? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? Microsoft ???????? ???????? ???????:
  • ???? ?????? ????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? "???? ??????" ????.
  • ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????.
????? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????????. ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 ?????? Pack 2. ??? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????.

??? ?????? ????? ????????

????? ????? "???? ???? ??????" ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????. ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? MAILFROM? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ????. ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? (.) ?? ??? MAILFROM ??????? ???? ???????.

??? ????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ????????. ??? ???????? ????? ????? ??? ??????. ??? ???????? ???? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ?? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??????.

??? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ????? IP?

????? ????? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ???? ????????? ??? IP ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? Internet Mail Service. ????? ????? ????? IP ???? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??????. ?????? ????? IP ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ????? IP ???? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????, ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ?? ???? ???????? ???? netstat - ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ? Exchange ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? 25.
  3. ????? ????? ???? "????? ???? ???????" ???? ?????? ?????.
  4. ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????. ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? IP ???? ?? ????? ??????? ??.
?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? "??????" ?????? IP? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???. ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????????. ????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????????? ???????? ????? IP ??? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????.

??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ???

??? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????. ?? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ??????????. ??? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? Exchange ????? ???? ???? ??? ????. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??:
    1. ????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? relayed.
    2. ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??????.
    3. ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ????????.
  2. ?? ?????? "???????"? ???? ????? ??????IMS? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????.
  3. ??? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ???????.

    ?????? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ???? ????????.
  4. ??? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?????????? ???? ??????.
  5. ????? "???? ???? ??????" ??? ?? ??? ???? Imcdata ????.

    ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? Imcdata????.
  6. ????? ??? ?????? ?? Imcdata ??? Imcdata_old? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ?? Imcdata.
  7. ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????.
  8. ???? ?? ????? ????????.

    ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Microsoft Exchange.
  9. ??? ?????? 5 ?? ???? ?????? 7 ?? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???????. ?? ?????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? 20 ??? 30 ?????.
  10. ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??????.
  11. ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ???? Exchange ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????? Imcdata_old. ??? ??? ???? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???????? ???? "????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????" ??????.
  12. ??? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ????.

    ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????.

????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????

??? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ?? Imcdata ????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ???????. Microsoft ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? Imcdata_old ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ?????? Imcdata ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ?????? in ??? ??? ???? ????.

    ?????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? in ? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???????.
  2. ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? in ??? ?????? ?????? ????:
    • ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?? ????.
    • ????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ??? postmaster@your_domain.com ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???????. ??? ????? ??????? NDRs ???? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????. ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
  3. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?? ?????? Imcdata ?????. ??? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ????.

    ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??? "???? ???? ??????" ???? ????. ??? ???? ??? ????? "???? ???? ??????" ????? ????? ??? ???????.

?????? ??? "??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? "

??? ???? ??? ????????? ??? ????????

????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ????? IP ?? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ??? ???????. ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ?????? ?????? IP ???? ?? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ??????.

?? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????

?????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ???? Exchange ????? ??:
  • ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ????. ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ???????. ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ?????.
  • ????? ????? ???? ????? (guest)? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? guest? ??? ?????? ???? ????? (guest).
  • ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ???????.
  • ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ??????.
  • ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ????? ??????.
  • ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ?????????.
????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://www.microsoft.com/security/

?? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????

?????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? Exchange ????? ?? ? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ??????:
  • ?????? ????? ????? ???? ???? ??????????. ?????? ???:
    • ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???.
    • ????? ??????????.
    • ?????? ????? ?????? "???? ???? ??????" ????? ?? ???? ?????.
    • ???? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ??????.
    • ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ??.
  • ????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????????:
    • ???? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?????.
    • ????? ????????? ???????? ????????? ???????? ??????? ? ????? ?????? ???? Exchange ??? ?????? ????? ??.
    • ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????.
    • ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????. ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? Microsoft ???????:
  • ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ????. ??? ???????? ????? ?? ???:
    • ???????? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????????
    • ???????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????
    • ???????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ???????
    • ???????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????
????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? Microsoft. ?? ???? Microsoft ?? ????? ????? ?? ????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????????.


??????? ????

?? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? SMTP ???? ??????

?? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? SMTP ?????? ?? ????. ????? ???? ???????? SMTP ????? ?? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????? ???????. ???? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? SMTP ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????.

???? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? SMTP ??????? SMTP ???????? ???. ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????????.

?? ?? ????? ????

????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? IP ??????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ???????. ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? ???. ????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ???????.

????? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ???:
http://postmaster.info.aol.com/
http://www.stopspam.org/
http://spam.abuse.net/
http://www.cauce.org/
Microsoft ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??????. ?? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????. Microsoft ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????.

?? ?? ???? ???????

?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ????????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???? ???????? ??? ??????? ??? SMTP ???? ???????? ????????? ????????. ????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????.

?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ??????. ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??.

???????

???? ???????: 836500 - ????? ??? ??????: 21/?????/1434 - ??????: 3.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Exchange Server 5.5 Standard Edition
????? ??????: 
kbinfo kbhowto kbmt KB836500 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????(CTF) ?? ?? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????836500
????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ????? ???????
?? ????? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ? ?? ??? ??????? Microsoft ??? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????

????? ???????

 

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