Description of the 64-bit SQL Server 2000 hotfix installer

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SUMMARY

This article describes a Microsoft SQL Server hotfix installer that is used to apply 64-bit hotfixes on an instance of SQL Server 2000. This article discusses the following topics:
  • How the hotfix installer files are named
  • How to use the hotfix installer
  • How the hotfix installer works
  • How to perform an unattended installation
  • Log file for the hotfix installer
  • How to remove a hotfix installation

INTRODUCTION

This article describes the 64-bit SQL Server hotfix installer that is used to apply SQL Server 2000 64-bit hotfixes on stand-alone instances and clustered instances of SQL Server 2000 (64-bit). SQL Server 2000 (64-bit) hotfixes are created as Microsoft Windows Installer patches that are packaged and delivered to users as self-extracting executable files. The hotfix installer can also run in unattended mode to automate the hotfix installation process across your whole organization.

If you have to apply a hotfix to an instance of SQL Server 2000 32-bit, see following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
842960 Description of the 32-bit SQL Server 7.0 and SQL Server 2000 hotfix installer


How the hotfix installer files are named

Microsoft has adopted a standardized naming schema for the hotfix installer packages in SQL Server.

For additional information about the new naming schema for Microsoft SQL Server software update packages, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
822499 New naming schema for Microsoft SQL Server software update packages

How to use the hotfix installer

To start the hotfix installation process, you must log on to the computer by using a user account that has local administrative credentials, and then run the self-extracting executable file. When you run the self-extracting executable file, the files that are related to the hotfix are extracted from the hotfix package and stored on the computer. If you experience disk space errors when you run the self-extracting executable file, see the following Microsoft Knowledge Base article:
301913 BUG: Error message: "There is not enough space on drive" occurs when you extract SQL Server 2000 downloads

When you start the hotfix installation process, a GUI-based hotfix installer tool starts, and the GUI guides you through the rest of the installation process.

How the hotfix installer works

When you run a hotfix installer that is packaged as a self-extracting executable file, the hotfix installer performs the following operations:
  • The hotfix installer extracts the files that are packaged in the self-extracting executable file to a temporary folder that is similar to the following:

    %windir%\GUID
  • The hotfix installer verifies the architecture of your computer. If the architecture of your computer does not qualify for the hotfix to be installed, you may receive a message that the hotfix installer is not valid. For example, when you try to run a hotfix installer that is compiled to run on the IA-64 architecture on a computer with the x86 architecture, you may receive a message that is similar to the following:
    Hotfix.exe is not a valid Win32 application.
  • The hotfix installer makes sure that the user account that you used to log on to the computer has administrative credentials. If the user account does not have administrative credentials, you may receive a message that is similar to the following:
    In order to run this update, you must logon to this computer with an account that has administrator privileges.
  • The hotfix installer verifies the operating system that is running on your computer. If the operating system does not qualify for the hotfix, you may receive a message that is similar to the following:
    The patch installer that you are running is meant for another operating system and is not supported on this operating system. To proceed, download the product patch for this operation system and retry the installation.
  • The hotfix installer automatically detects all the instances of SQL Server and enumerates the list of the instances that qualify for the hotfix. You may see that all the instances of SQL Server that are running on the computer appear in the GUI of the Setup program. From the list, you can select a subset of instances where you want the hotfix to be applied. In the GUI of the Setup program, the instances of SQL Server that do not qualify for the hotfix are not available. You cannot select those instances of SQL Server.

    To qualify for the hotfix, the SQL Server installation must meet certain requirements. For example, if the hotfix requires the installation of SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3 (SP3), you must install SQL Server 2000 SP3 before you run the hotfix.

    If the instances of SQL Server do not qualify for the hotfix because the hotfix does not qualify, you may receive messages that are similar to the following:
    Due to SQL Server service pack requirements, this machine does not have a product that matches this installation package. To proceed, refer to installation package requirements in the release notes, install the required SQL Server service pack, and then run the installation again.
    Due to SQL Server language compatibility requirements, this machine does not have a product that matches this installation package. To proceed, you must download and run the installation package that matches the locale setting of your computer.
    Due to SQL Server edition requirements, this computer does not have a product that matches this installation package. To proceed, refer to the release notes for this installation. You must run an installation package that is compatible with the SQL Server instance to be updated.
    Note The Microsoft Knowledge Base article for each hotfix contains more information about the requirements for applying the hotfix.

    The hotfix installer can detect instances of SQL Server that are clustered and determine whether the computer where the hotfix installer is being run is the active node.
  • The hotfix installer prompts you for the authentication information that you used to connect to the instance of SQL Server. For example, the hotfix installer prompts you for SQL Server authentication information or Windows authentication information. If you use SQL Server authentication, you must provide the password for the system administrator (sa) user account. If you want to use SQL Server authentication, you must make sure that the instance of SQL Server is configured for Mixed Mode security.

    If you use Windows authentication, you must be logged on to the computer by using an account that is a part of the System Administrators server role for the instance of SQL Server that you are upgrading. If the authentication information is not correct, you may receive a message that is similar to the following:
    Your account information could not be verified for one or more instances.

    Ensure that you can connect to all the selected instances using the account information provided.

    To proceed further deselect the instances to which connectivity cannot be established.
    If you selected an instance of SQL Server that is clustered, and the instance is an active node, the hotfix installer prompts you for remote logon information after you are prompted for the authentication information that is used to connect to the instance of SQL Server.
  • The hotfix installer stops both the MSSQLSERVER service and the SQL Server Agent services for the instance that is being upgraded. If you are updating SQL Server 2000 Analysis Services, the MSSQLServerOLAPService service is stopped.
  • If the files that are to be replaced by the hotfix installer are locked by another service or process, you may receive an error message that is similar to the following:
    The following files are currently locked.

    In order to prevent a necessary reboot at the end of the patch install process, close down all other applications before proceeding.

    PathToFileName1\FileName1
    PathToFileName2\FileName1
    If you click Cancel in the message box, the hotfix installation stops. You can close the program that causes a lock on the files, and then click Try Again to continue the hotfix installation. If you do not know the program that is causing the lock, click Continue to continue the hotfix installation. After the hotfix is successfully installed, you are prompted to restart the computer.

    Note You do not always receive this error message because some files may not be locked when the check is made. The files may be locked when the hotfix installer tries to update the files that correspond to the hotfix or in the future.

    If the hotfix installer determines that the files that must be replaced by the hotfix installer are locked, the hotfix installer cannot replace these files. Therefore, the hotfix installer adds these files to the
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\PendingFileRenames
    registry key. When this situation occurs, you receive a warning message that is similar to the following:
    Pending file operations exist on the computer.

    Though these do not impact the files patched by this installation, it is recommended that you reboot the computer.
    If you receive this message, the hotfix installation is not complete until you restart your computer. After you restart your computer, the operating system replaces the files that are added to the
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\PendingFileRenames
    registry key on your computer, and then clears this registry key.

    If you receive a warning to restart your computer at the end of the hotfix installation, we recommend that you restart your computer so that all applications function correctly.
  • The hotfix installer updates the existing files with the hotfix files. To do this, the program searches the destination computer to make sure that the files are present. If the files exist on the destination computer, the files can be replaced. After a file passes this check, the file version is compared with the source file. If the version of the source file is later than the version of the file that is being installed by the hotfix installer, the hotfix installer does not replace the file. For files that do not have a version number, the program uses the time and date information to create a list of files to install.
  • After all the required files are updated successfully, the hotfix installer runs the scripts against the system databases.

How to apply a hotfix on a cluster

If you select an instance of SQL Server that is clustered and the instance is an active node, the hotfix installer prompts you for your remote logon information. The remote logon information is used to connect to the remote nodes and to run the remote processes. The hotfix installer takes the SQL Server cluster group offline and updates the binaries on all the passive nodes of the cluster. The remote processes are used to update the passive nodes of the cluster.

Note If you run the hotfix installer on a node that is not the active node, the Details pane displays a message that is similar to the following:
This installation must be run from the active node. You are running it from a passive node.
To proceed, cancel the installation and run it again from the active node.

How to perform an unattended installation

An unattended installation is similar to the interactive installation that is described in the "How to use the hotfix installer" section. To start an unattended installation of a hotfix, you can use the command-line parameters and the self-extracting executable file that corresponds to the hotfix.

When you run the self-extracting executable file that corresponds to the hotfix at a command prompt, you can use the following command-line parameters:
  • /?: This command-line parameter causes the hotfix installation to display the details about the command-line switches that are available.
  • /quiet: This command-line parameter causes the hotfix installation to run in silent mode.
  • /reportonly: This command-line parameter can be used to provide a snapshot of all the instances of SQL Server 2000 (64-bit), including the version number, the service pack level, the language, and the hotfix level, before the hotfix is installed.
  • /allinstances: This command-line parameter is used if you want to apply the hotfix on all the instances of SQL Server that qualify for the hotfix.
  • /INSTANCENAME: This command-line parameter is used to specify the instances of SQL Server where you want the hotfix applied (/INSTANCENAME=YourInstanceName, for example). If you want to apply the hotfix on multiple instances, you can use a comma delimiter to separate the instance names (/INSTANCENAME=InstanceName1, InstanceName2, InstanceName3, for example). If one or more of the instances in the list do not exist or do not qualify for the hotfix, the hotfix installer only installs the hotfix on instances that qualify for the hotfix.
  • /USER: This command-line parameter is used to specify the user account that is used to connect to all nodes of a cluster. This account must be a local administrator account an all nodes.
  • /PASSWORD: This command-line parameter is used to specify the password of the user account that is specified for the /USER parameter.
  • /SAPWD: This command-line parameter is used to specify the password that is used to connect to the instance of SQL Server to run the SQL scripts. If the switch is not specified, the hotfix installer automatically uses Windows authentication. If the password for the user sa is blank, you only have to specify /SAPWD in the command line.

Command-line examples

  • You can use the following command-line syntax for an unattended installation of a hotfix on a default instance of SQL Server:
    SQL2000-KB840223-v8.00.0931-ia64-ENU.exe /quiet
    Because no authentication information is provided in the command line, default Windows authentication logon information is used.
  • You can use the following command-line syntax for an unattended installation of a hotfix on a named instance of SQL Server (where InstanceName is the name of the instance of SQL Server where the hotfix is installed):
    SQL2000-KB840223-v8.00.0931-ia64-ENU.exe /quiet /INSTANCENAME=InstanceName /SAPWD=MyPwd
    Note The installation may not be successful if the INSTANCENAME parameter is supplied in the ServerName\InstanceName format.

Log file for the hotfix installer

The actions that are performed by the hotfix installation process are recorded in the log file that corresponds to the hotfix installation. The hotfix installer log files are saved in the %windir%\Hotfix folder.

The Hotfix.log file is the current log file and contains the general status of the hotfix installation. Depending on whether you are running a hotfix installer for SQL Server 2000 (64-bit) or a hotfix installer for Analysis Services (64-bit), you may see any one of the following in the same location:
  • If you are running a hotfix installer for SQL Server 2000 (64-bit), a folder named SQL64 contains the following three types of log files:
    • SQL64_Hotfix_KBnumber_.log: This log file includes the specific details of the hotfix that was applied. For example, this file includes information about the instance of SQL Server that where the hotfix was installed, the command line that was used to install the hotfix, and the result of the hotfix installation.
    • SQL64_Hotfix_KBnumber_sqlrun.msp.log: This log file includes the log output of the Windows installer.
    • SQL64_Hotfix_KBnumber_script name.log: This log file includes the output log of the script that was executed as part of the hotfix installation. Each script that is executed as part of a hotfix installation has a script output log.
  • If you are running a hotfix installer for Analysis Services (64-bit), a folder named OLAP64 contains the following three types of log files:
    • OLAP64_Hotfix_KBnumber_.log: This log file includes the specific details of the hotfix that was applied. For example, this file includes information about the instance of SQL Server where the hotfix was installed, the command line that was used to install the hotfix, and the result of the hotfix installation.
    • OLAP64_Hotfix_KBnumber_sqlrun.msp.log: This log file includes the log output of the Windows Installer.
    • OLAP64_Hotfix_KBnumber_script name.log: This log file includes the output log of the script that was executed as part of the hotfix application. Each script that is executed as part of a hotfix installation has a script output log.

How to remove a hotfix installation

The hotfix that is being installed on the instance of SQL Server can be removed from the computer. For every hotfix installation, an entry point is created in Control Panel that can be used to remove the hotfix. The Add or Remove Programs window in Control Panel displays the hotfixes that are installed on the computer. To remove a hotfix installation, click Remove or Change/Remove for the hotfix installation in the Add or Remove Programs window. A hotfix rollback is initiated when you try to remove the installation.

Because SQL Server 2000 hotfix build 977 is used as the baseline, you can rollback any hotfix when a hotfix build that is later than build 977 is installed on your computer. You can remove each hotfix build that is later than build 977 in reverse order back to hotfix build 977.Note You cannot remove a hotfix installation from a computer if the computer does not have Windows Installer version 3.0 runtime installed on it.

When you perform a hotfix rollback, the computer is restored to the state that existed before you installed the hotfix. During rollback, the installer reinstalls the backed up files, reverses the registry key operations, runs the reverse scripts that correspond to the SQL scripts that were used during installation, and runs the reverse processes to reverse the changes that were made during installation.

The user account that you used to log on to the computer must have the administrative credentials to remove a hotfix.

If you try to remove a version of a hotfix that is earlier than the current version that is installed on the instance of SQL Server, the rollback is not initiated.

Rollback and removal in a cluster

On a clustered instance, the hotfix installer determines whether the instance is an active node, and then removes the hotfix from the cluster.

Note You cannot initiate the removal of hotfix from a passive node of the cluster.

Properties

Article ID: 872912 - Last Review: March 18, 2006 - Revision: 2.3
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2000 64-bit Edition
Keywords: 
kbpackage kbsetup kbpatch kbuninstall kbunattended kbclustering kbinfo kbhowto KB872912

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