Cac yu t cn xem xet khi ban lu tr b iu khin min Active Directory trong mi trng lu tr ao

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Mi trng lu tr ao cho phep ban chay cung luc nhiu h iu hanh khach trn chi mt may tinh chu. Phn mm may chu ao hoa cac tai nguyn bao gm nh sau:
  • CPU
  • B nh
  • ia
  • Mang
  • Cac thit bi ni b
Bng cach ao hoa cac tai nguyn nay trn may tinh vt ly, phn mm may chu cho phep ban s dung it may tinh hn trin khai h iu hanh cho vai tro kim tra, phat trin va san xut. Tuy nhin, cac han ch nht inh ap dung cho vic trin khai b iu khin min Active Directory ma chay trong mi trng lu tr ao. Cac han ch nay khng ap dung cho b iu khin min chay trn may tinh vt ly.

Bai vit nay ban v cac yu t cn xem xet khi b iu khin min chay trn Windows 2000 Server, Windows Server 2003 hay Windows Server 2008 cua Microsoft chay trong mi trng lu tr ao. Mi trng lu tr ao bao gm nh sau:
  • Ao hoa Windows Server 2008 vi Hyper-V
  • B san phm ao hoa VMware
  • B san phm ao hoa Novell

THNG TIN THM

Co mt tai liu c cp nht trn B iu khin Min c ao hoa ma phan anh trang thai manh va bao mt hin tai cua h thng chi tit hn bai vit nay:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/virtual_active_directory_domain_controller_virtualization_hyperv(WS.10).aspx

Nhiu s cn nhc trong TechNet cung ap dung cho may chu ao hoa bn th ba. Bai vit nay vn c t ung vi tri tr giup bng cac gi y va xem xet b sung c coi la khng u phu hp i vi TechNet.

Cac yu t cn xem xet khi ban lu tr cac vai tro b iu khin min trong mt mi trng lu tr ao

Khi ban trin khai mt b iu khin min Active Directory trn mt may tinh vt ly, cn phai ap ng cac yu cu nht inh trong sut vong i cua b iu khin min. Vic trin khai mt b iu khin min trong mt mi trng lu tr ao b sung thm cac yu cu va cn nhc nht inh. Trong o bao gm nhng phn giai sau:
  • giup bao v tinh toan ven cua c s d liu Active Directory nu xay ra s c mt in hay cac s c khac, dich vu Active Directory thc hin cac ban ghi khng c lu trong b m va c v hiu hoa b m n ghi ia trn ia lu tr tp c s d liu va nht ky Active Directory. Active Directory cung c gng hoat ng theo cach nay khi c cai t trong mt mi trng lu tr ao.

    Nu phn mm mi trng lu tr ao h tr ung cach ch m phong SCSI ma h tr truy nhp thit bi bt buc (FUA), cac ban ghi khng c lu trong b m ma Active Directory thc hin trong mi trng nay c chp nhn cho h iu hanh may chu. Nu khng c h tr truy nhp thit bi bt buc, ban phai v hiu hoa b m n ghi trn ia cua h iu hanh khach ma lu tr tp c s d liu, nht ky va im kim tra Active Directory.

    Chu y
    • Ban phai v hiu hoa b m n ghi i vi tt ca cu phn s dung Cng cu Lu tr Co th m rng (ESE) theo inh dang c s d liu cua cac cu phn. Nhng cu phn nay bao gm Active Directory, Dich vu Nhn ban Tp (FRS), Dich vu Tn Internet cua Windows (WINS) va Giao thc Cu hinh Chu ng (DHCP).
    • Nh mt thc tin tt nht, hay xem xet cai t b cung cp ngun khng ngt trn cac may chu VM.

  • Mt b iu khin min Active Directory c dung chay lin tuc ch Active Directory ngay sau khi c cai t. Khi khi ng b iu khin min, hin tng nhn i toan qua trinh cua Active Directory chc chn se xay ra. Hay am bao la tt ca b iu khin min thc hin nhn ban kt ni trn tt ca phn hoach Active Directory c lu gi ni b theo lich c xac inh trn cac lin kt trang va cac i tng kt ni, c bit la trong s ngay c chi inh bi thuc tinh vong i tombstone.

    Nu nhn ban kt ni khng xay ra, s kin Li sau co th c ghi trong nht ky Dich vu Th muc:

    ID S kin 2042
    Ngun: Nhn ban NTDS
    Loai: Li
    M ta Se mt rt nhiu thi gian khi may nay nhn ban ln cui vi may ngun co tn. Thi gian gia nhn ban vi ngun nay a vt qua vong i tombstone. Vic nhn ban a bi dng lai vi ngun nay.

    Khi ln nhn ban nay khng xay ra, ban co th gp phai s thiu nht quan trong ni dung cua c s d liu Active Directory trn b iu khin min trong khu rng. S thiu nht quan nay xay ra vi kin thc v cac ln xoa c duy tri cho s ngay vong i tombstone. B iu khin min khng nhn ban kt ni thay i cua Active Directory theo cach bc cu trong s ngay vong i tombstone tri qua gy nn cac i tng keo dai. Cac i tng keo dai la cac i tng bi quan tri vin xoa mt cach c y, dich vu hay h iu hanh ma tn tai khng ung cach trn cac b iu khin vung (DC) ich ma khng thc hin nhn ban kip thi. Vic don cac i tng keo dai co th mt rt nhiu thi gian, c bit la trong khu rng co nhiu min ma bao gm nhiu b iu khin min.
  • Khi mt b iu khin min chay trong mt mi trng lu tr ao, khng tam dng b iu khin min trong thi gian dai trc khi ban ly lai anh h iu hanh. Nu ban tam dng b iu khin min trong thi gian dai, vic nhn ban co th dng va gy ra cac i tng keo dai. S kin Li sau co th c ghi trong nht ky Dich vu Th muc:

    ID S kin 2042
    Ngun: Nhn ban NTDS
    Loai: Li
    M ta Se mt rt nhiu thi gian khi may nay nhn ban ln cui vi may ngun co tn. Thi gian gia nhn ban vi ngun nay a vt qua vong i tombstone. Vic nhn ban a bi dng lai vi ngun nay.

  • Mt b iu khin min Active Directory oi hoi cac ban sao lu trang thai h thng thng xuyn khi phuc t cac s c cua ngi dung, phn cng, phn mm hay mi trng. Vong i hu ich mc inh cua sao lu trang thai h thng la 60 hay 180 ngay tuy vao phin ban h iu hanh va ban chinh sa goi dich vu ang c dung trong khi cai t. Vong i hu ich c kim soat bi thuc tinh vong i tombstone trong Active Directory. It nht mt b iu khin min trong tng min trong khu rng nn c sao lu trong moi ngay cua vong i tombstone.

    Trong mt mi trng san xut, ban nn thc hin sao lu trang thai h thng t 2 DC khac nhau hang ngay.
  • Cac DC c ao hoa trong cac may chu cum
    cac nut, ia va cac tai nguyn khac trn mt may tinh cum t ng khi ng, cac yu cu xac thc t may tinh cum phai do mt DC trong min may tinh cum am nhim.

    am bao rng DC tn tai khi khi ng OS cum, trin khai it nht 2 b iu khin min trong min may tinh chu cum trn phn cng vt ly. Cac DC vt ly nn lu gi trc tuyn va co th truy nhp mang (trong DNS + tt ca cac cng va giao thc c yu cu) ti cac may chu cum.Nu DCduy nht co th phuc vu yu cu xac thc khi khi ng cum nm trn mt may tinh cum ma ang c khi ng lai, cac yu cu xac thc se tht bai va cac bc khi phuc thu cng se c yu cu lam cho cum hoat ng.

    Cac DC c ao hoa co th nm trn c Chia se theo Cum (CSV) va khng c Chia se theo Cum.Cac ia CSV khng c cung cp trc tuyn tr khi yu cu xac thc c Active Directory phuc vu. Cac ia khng phai CSV co th c cung cp trc tuyn ma khng cn xac thc. Do cac ia khng phai la CSV co th c cung cp trc tuyn d dang hn, Microsoft khuyn rng cac tp cho b iu khin min c ao hoa nn c t trn cac ia khng phai la CSV.

    Chu y: Lun co it nht mt DC nm trn phn mm vt ly Cum chuyn i D phong va ha tng khac co th khi ng. Khi ban lu tr b iu khin min trn may ao ma c quan ly bi Windows Server 2008 R2 hay Hyper-V Server 2008 R2, chung ti khuyn ban lu tr cac tp cua may ao trn cac ia cum ma khng c cu hinh nh cac ia co c Chia se theo Cum (CSV). Thao tac nay cho phep khi phuc d dang hn trong cac trng hp li cu th. Nu co li cua trang hay mt s c nao o khin toan cum bi sp va DC trn phn cng vt ly khng kha dung, lu tr cac tp cua may ao trn ia cum khng phai la CSV se giup cho cum khi ng. Trong trng hp nay, cac ia do may ao yu cu co th c cung cp trc tuyn. iu nay cho phep ban khi ng may ao lu tr b iu khin min. Sau o, ban co th cung cp ia CSV trc tuyn va khi ng cac nut khac. Quy trinh nay chi c yu cu nu khng co b iu khin min khac kha dung vao luc cum c khi ng.

H tr cho b iu khin min Active Directory trong cac mi trng lu tr ao

bit thm thng tin v kha nng h tr cua b iu khin min lu tr trong mi trng Microsoft va lu tr ao cua bn th ba, bm s bai vit sau xem bai vit trong C s Kin thc Microsoft:
897615 Chinh sach h tr cho phn mm Microsoft chay trong phn mm ao hoa phn cng khng phai cua Microsoft. (Trang nay co th co bng ting Anh)
Note This is a "FAST PUBLISH" article created directly from within the Microsoft support organization. The information contained herein is provided as-is in response to emerging issues. As a result of the speed in making it available, the materials may include typographical errors and may be revised at any time without notice. See Terms of Use for other considerations.

Thu?c tnh

ID c?a bi: 888794 - L?n xem xt sau cng: 29 Thang Hai 2012 - Xem xt l?i: 1.0
p d?ng
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
T? kha:
kbinfo kbhowto KB888794

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