ACC: Obtain Name of Current User Database Using Access Basic

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Advanced: Requires expert coding, interoperability, and multiuser skills.

Microsoft Access version 1.x does not have a built-in way to determine the name of the database that the user currently has open. This article lists a sample Access Basic function that you can use in Microsoft Access 1.x to find the name of the database.

In Microsoft Access version 2.0, you can find the name of the database using data access objects (DAO). With DAO, you can use the Name property of the DBEngine object to find the path and name of the currently open database. For more information about the DBEngine object, search for "DBEngine," and then "DBEngine Object" using the Microsoft Access 2.0 Help menu.

This article assumes that you are familiar with Access Basic and with creating Microsoft Access applications using the programming tools provided with Microsoft Access. For more information on Access Basic, please refer to the "Introduction to Programming" manual in Microsoft Access version 1.x, or the "Building Applications" manual in version 2.0.


Although you can obtain the object variable of the current user database by using the CurrentDB() function, you are unable to obtain the text representation of the database name. The following example shows how a user- defined function called GetUserDBName() obtains a text representation of the user database name.

The GetUserDBName() function returns the name of the database with no path or extension. You must add your own path or extension string to the result of the GetUserDBName() function when necessary.

NOTE: The code to determine the current database does not work with run-time versions of Microsoft Access (MSARN110.EXE).
  1. Type the following sample code into a module.

    NOTE: In the following sample code, an underscore (_) is used as a line-continuation character. Remove the underscore from the end of the line when re-creating this code in Access Basic.

    NOTE: You may have some Microsoft Windows API functions defined in an existing Microsoft Access library; therefore, your declarations may be duplicates. If you receive a duplicate procedure name error message, remove or comment out the declarations statement in your code.

    Option Compare Database 'Use database order for string comparisons.

    Option Explicit

          Declare Function GetWindow% Lib "USER" Alias "GetWindow" _
                           (ByVal hwnd%, ByVal Relationship%)
          Declare Function GetClassName% Lib "USER" Alias "GetClassName" _
                           (ByVal hwnd%, ByVal ClassName$, ByVal Size%)
          Declare Function GetWindowText% Lib "User" Alias "GetWindowText" _
                           (ByVal hwnd%, ByVal StringText$, ByVal wInt%)
          Declare Function GetActiveWindow% Lib "USER" Alias _
                           "GetActiveWindow" ()
          Declare Function GetParent% Lib "USER" Alias "GetParent" (ByVal _
          Const GW_HWNDNEXT = 2
          Const GW_CHILD = 5
          Const AccessDBC = "ODb"
          Const AccessMDICLIENT = "MDIClient"
          Const ACCESSMain = "OMain"
          Function GetDBName ()
             Dim hwnd As Integer
             Dim ClassName As String, ClassLen As Integer
             Dim Caption As String, CaptionLen As Integer
             Dim Start As Integer, fMDIClient As Integer
             Dim RetVal
             ' Get the handle to the Microsoft Access window.
             hwnd = GetActiveWindow()
             ClassName = Space(127)
             ClassLen = GetClassName(hwnd, ClassName, Len(ClassName))
             While ((Left$(ClassName$, ClassLen) <> "OMain"))
                hwnd = GetParent(hwnd)
                ClassLen = GetClassName(hwnd, ClassName, Len(ClassName))
             ' Traverse the children looking for the 'MDIClient' child.
             hwnd = GetWindow(hwnd, GW_CHILD)
             Do While hwnd And Not fMDIClient
                ClassLen = GetClassName(hwnd, ClassName, Len(ClassName))
                If Left$(ClassName, ClassLen) = "MDIClient" Then
                   fMDIClient = True
                   hwnd = GetWindow(hwnd, GW_HWNDNEXT)
                End If
             ' Traverse children until we find the Database Window 'ODb' child
             ' .. which has a title of "Database: <app name>".
             hwnd = GetWindow(hwnd, GW_CHILD)
             Do While hwnd
                ClassLen = GetClassName(hwnd, ClassName, Len(ClassName))
                   ClassName = Mid$(ClassName, 1, ClassLen)
                   If Left$(ClassName, ClassLen) = "ODb" Then
                      Caption = Space$(127)
                      RetVal = GetWindowText(hwnd, Caption, Len(Caption))
                      Start = InStr(Caption, ":") + 2
                      GetDBName = Mid$(Caption, Start)
                      Exit Function
                   End If
                   hwnd = GetWindow(hwnd, GW_HWNDNEXT)
             GetDBName = "Not Found"
          End Function
  2. Type the following line in the Immediate window, and then press ENTER:


    Note that the name of the database is returned.


For more information about using DAO, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

113919 ACC: How to Get the Name of the Current Database


Article ID: 89681 - Last Review: October 14, 2013 - Revision: 2.0
  • Microsoft Access 1.0 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 1.1 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Access 2.0 Standard Edition
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