??????? ????? HTTP 401 ?? IIS

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ????? ??? IIS
?????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? "??? ?????". ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ?????? ??? . ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????.
?????. ???? ?? ????. ??? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ? Microsoft (IIS) ????? ????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? IIS ??? ???? ??????? ????????.

????? HTTP 401 ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?? IIS. ????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??????. ???? ????? ??? ??? ???? HTTP 401 ????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????.

???? ??? ??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? HTTP 401.x (???????401.1, 401.2, 401.3, 401.4, 401.5) ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ? Microsoft (IIS):

????? ??????? ??????? ????????

?????? ??????: ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? HTTP 401

IIS 6.0 ?? ????????? ?????? ?? IIS 6.0

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????? ?? IIS 6.0? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????. ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??????:
%SYSTEMROOT%\System32\LogFiles\W3SVC###\
??? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?? ???? ??????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? Win32.
#Fields: date time s-sitename s-ip cs-method cs-uri-stem cs-uri-query s-port cs-username c-ip cs(User-Agent) sc-status sc-Sub-status sc-win32-status
2006-03-06 20:37:42 W3SVC1 192.168.1.101 GET /default.aspx - 80 - 192.168.17.45 Mozilla/4.0+(compatible;+MSIE+6.0;+Windows+NT+5.1;+SV1;+.NET+CLR+1.1.4322;+.NET+CLR+2.0.50727;+InfoPath.1) 401 2 2148074254
2006-03-06 20:37:42 W3SVC1 192.168.1.101 GET /default.aspx - 80 - 192.168.17.45 Mozilla/4.0+(compatible;+MSIE+6.0;+Windows+NT+5.1;+SV1;+.NET+CLR+1.1.4322;+.NET+CLR+2.0.50727;+InfoPath.1) 401 1 0
2006-03-06 20:38:36 W3SVC1 192.168.1.101 GET /default.aspx - 80 DOMAIN\user 192.168.17.45 Mozilla/4.0+(compatible;+MSIE+6.0;+Windows+NT+5.1;+SV1;+.NET+CLR+1.1.4322;+.NET+CLR+2.0.50727;+InfoPath.1) 200 0 0
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

????????? ??????? ?? IIS 6.0

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?? ??????? IIS ???? ?? IIS 6.0? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????. ?? ??? ??????? (?? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ???)? ????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????????. ?? Microsoft Internet Explorer? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ????? "??? HTTP ??????????" . ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????. ?? ??? ??????? ????? ??? HTTP 401.2error? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????????:
??? ????? ?? ???? ???????

??? ???? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???-?? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ??? ????????.

?????? ?????? ?? ???:
???? ???????????????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ??????.
???? ??? ???? "?????" ???????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????????????????.

??? HTTP 401.2-??? ???? ??: ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ????????. ????? ??????? ?????? (IIS)

?????????????????? (?????? ?????)
????? ??? ?????????????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ????? ????? HTTP ? 401.
??? IISHelp? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? IIS (inetmgr)? ?????? ?? ???????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????????? ????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????


?????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? WFetch ? ????? ???? ???????.

?????? 2: ????? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ????????

?????? ?? ???? ????????? ???????? ?????? ??????? HTTP? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????. ???? ????? ???? ??????? ???????.

HTTP 401.1: ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????
??? IIS ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????. ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????.

??????? ???????
  • ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????. ?????? ??? ????? ???? ??? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ??????.
  • ???? ?????? Kerberos. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
    326985 ????? ??????? ???????? ???????? Kerberos ?? IIS
    ?????? Kerberos ????? ???? ?? asfollows:
    871179 ???? ????? ????? "??? HTTP 401.1 - ??? ???? ??: ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????" ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? IIS 6.0
    ????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? IIS 6.0 (IIS 6.0)
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/WindowsServer2003/Library/IIS/f05a7c2b-36b0-4b6e-ac7c-662700081f25.mspx

    ?????? Windows ????????? (IIS 6.0)
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/WindowsServer2003/Library/IIS/523ae943-5e6a-4200-9103-9808baa00157.mspx

    ????? ??????? ?????? ? Kerberos (IIS 6.0)
    http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/WindowsServer2003/Library/IIS/df979570-81f6-4586-83c6-676bb005b13e.mspx
  • ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ????????????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????. ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????.???? ???????? ??????? ????? ???????? ????????:
    812614 ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? IIS 6.0
    271071 ????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? NTFS ???????? ????? ??? IIS 5.0
    832981 ????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ??????
    300549 ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? Windows 2000
  • ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????????. ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ????? IIS ????? ?????????????????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? (?? ???? ?????? "Active Directory"? ??? ??????? ???? ????). ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ??? ???????.
  • ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? IIS 5.0 ? IIS 6.0? ????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? IIS 5.0. ????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? IIS6.0? ?? ??? ??????? HTTP 401.1 ??? ????? ??????. ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? IIS 5.0. ??? ??????????? ????? ?????????????????? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????.
  • ????? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ? Microsoft":
    896861 ???? ??? 401.1 ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? "?????? ?????????" ???? ???????? ??? IIS 5.1 ?? IIS 6
    304201 ?? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ??? ????? IIS ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? Windows ???????? IIS
    263140 ??? ?????? ????? ? ????? ??? ????? IIS 5.0 ??? ???? ???? ??????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

HTTP 401.2: ?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????
?????? ?????? ? IIS ?? ???? ?? ???????? ??????.

??????? ???????
  • ?? ?????????? (??? ?? ??? ?????) ???????? ???????? ?? IIS. ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
    253667 ????? ?????: HTTP 401.2-??? ???? ??: ??? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????????
  • ????? ???????? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ???-Internet Explorer ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ??????. ?? ???? ????? ??? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????????. ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????:
    • ????? IIS ????? ???????? ????????. ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? SSL ??? ?????? ????? ???????.
    • ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????. ????? ?????? Internet Explorer ?????????? ??????? ?? Netscape Navigator ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????.
  • ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ????. ?? ????????????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? NTLM ???????? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????. ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ???:
    • ????? IIS ????? ???????? ????????. ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? SSL ??? ?????? ????? ???????.
    • ??? ??????? ????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

HTTP 401.3: ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ACL

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????
??? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? NTFS ??? ??????? ???????.

???? ?????
  • ????? ?????? NTFS ??? ??????? ???? ????. ?????? "?????? NTFS" ??????? ?? ?????? ???????:
    812614 ???????? ?????????? ????? ???????? ?? IIS 6.0
    271071 ????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????? NTFS ???????? ????? ??? IIS 5.0
  • ???? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????? ???????? ???????. ???????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ????????. ??? ??? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ?? ??.
  • ??? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ????? NTFS ??????? ????????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
    332142 ?? ??? ????? NTLM ????? ??????? ??? ?????? UNC ?? ????? ????? 401
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

HTTP 401.4: ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? ISAPI ?????

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????
????? ???? ????? ISAPI ??? ?????.

????
????? ???? ????? ISAPI ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

HTTP 401.5: ??? ?????? ????? "???" ISAPI/CGI ????

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????
???? ISAPI ?? ????? CGI ??? ?????.

????
????? ???? ISAPI ?? ????? CGI ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

?????

????????? ??? ??????? ????? HTTP 401? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????????.
  • 401.1: ?? ?????? ????????? ???? ???.
  • 401.2: ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? serverand ?? ???? ?? ???????? ??????.
  • 401.3: ?????? ?????? ???? ??????????????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????????????? ?? ???????.
  • 401.4: ???? ????? ISAPI ??? ?????.
  • 401.5: ???? ISAPI ?? ????? CGI ??? ?????????.

??????? ??????? ????????

????? Microsoft

  • WFetch
    284285 ????? ??????? Wfetch.exe ???????? ??????? ???????? ??????? HTTP
  • ????? ???? ???????
    148942 ????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? "????? ???? ???????"
  • ??? ??????? ??????
    300549 ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? Windows 2000

????? ????? ????????

  • ??????
  • Regmon
????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ? Microsoft Corporation ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????. ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? Microsoft ?? ?? ???? ?? ??? ??????. ?? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???????. ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???????. ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? Microsoft. ?? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? Microsoft ?? ?? ???? ??? ??????.

?? ???? Microsoft ??? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???????. ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ???????. ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? Microsoft ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
??? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ????. ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? .

??? ??? ??????

???? ???????: 907273
????? ??????: 24/????? ???????/1435
????? ???: Microsoft Internet Information Services 6.0, Microsoft Internet Information Server 1.01
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????(CTF) ?? ?? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????907273
?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????
 

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