How to use Remote Installation Services (RIS) to deploy compute nodes in Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003

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INTRODUCTION

Microsoft Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003 brings together the Windows operating system, the ease-of-use of Active Directory, and the power of x64-based computers to provide an affordable high-performance computing (HPC) solution. Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003 is a cluster of servers that includes a single head node and one or more compute nodes. The head node deploys compute nodes and schedules jobs for the compute cluster. To automatically deploy compute nodes to the cluster, you can install and configure Remote Installation Services (RIS) on the head node. Then, you can stage an image to deploy the compute nodes. RIS has been part of the operating system since the release of Microsoft Windows 2000 Server.

For more information about the latest service pack for Windows Server 2003, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
889100 How to obtain the latest service pack for Windows Server 2003

MORE INFORMATION

In a high-performance computing environment, you can use Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003 to deploy compute nodes to a supercomputing cluster. To do this, you install and configure Remote Installation Services (RIS) on the head node. However, you must then modify RIS. The update that is described in this article modifies the Boot Information Negotiation Layer (BINL) service so that you can automatically deploy compute nodes.

The BINL service answers clients, examines the directory service for validation, and passes client information to and from the server. When the Risetup.exe process runs, the process installs the BINL service. Risetup.exe then configures the service to use default registry parameters. These parameters are sufficient for optimal performance in an organization. In a compute cluster, the Compute Cluster Management snap-in performs RIS setup and RIS image management.

The changes to the BINL service comply with the model that is implemented by the Windows Compute Cluster Server. In this model, the head node automatically deploys compute nodes on a private network. Therefore, the head nodes cannot be serviced by a corporate RIS server that is already configured.

Notes

  • You cannot use a corporate RIS server to deploy compute nodes if the server is not running on the head node.
  • A head node that has a single network adaptor cannot use RIS to deploy compute nodes.

Changes to RIS behavior

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows


This update makes the following changes to RIS behavior:
  • The RIS service can now bind to a specific interface. When you install RIS in Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003, the RIS service binds to the network that is identified as the private network. To do this, RIS uses the following registry subkey:
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\BINLSVC\Parameters

      Name: BindInterface
      Type: REG_SZ
      Value: IPAddress of the private network adaptor
  • Authorization is no longer required to operate a RIS server on the private network. Additionally, the RIS server does not require write access to the Service Control Point (SCP) in Active Directory. This change uses the following registry subkeys:
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup

      Name: Reminst_DontAuthorizeDHCP
      Type: REG_DWORD
      Value: 1
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup

      Name: Reminst
      Type: REG_DWORD
      Value: 1
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\BINLSVC\Parameters

      Name: DisableRogueDetection
      Type: REG_DWORD
      Value: 1
    Note Because you can apply this update to RIS servers that are not part of a compute cluster, a corporate network may include unauthorized RIS servers.
  • You can now use the media access control (MAC) address of the network adaptor that supports the Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE) instead of using the GUID. This change has been implemented because computers that run x64-based versions of Windows Server 2003 may have duplicate GUIDs. To use this functionality, configure the BannedGuids entry in the following registry subkey:
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\BINLSVC\Parameters

      Name: BannedGuids
      Type: REG_MULTI_SZ
      Value: GUIDs
    Note The value of the BannedGuids entry must contain one GUID per line. The contents of the entry must exactly match the values that appear during the PXE client start process. The entry must not include hyphens.
    • Incorrect: 47f4cb1a-9339-43e5-a92a-fadb5140f1c8
    • Correct: 1acbf4473993e543a92afadb5140f1ca
  • So that a node can be reimaged, the Startrom.n12 file or the Startrom.com file is now sent on demand by using the netbootMachineFilePath Active Directory attribute. This change clears only the value of netbootMachineFilePath for the client that is being served.

    For example, suppose an administrator sets the value of netbootMachineFilePath to Startrom.n12. Then, the administrator uses the following path in the ADSIEdit utility to restart the computer independently:
    RIS-Server\OSChooser\i386\Startrom.n12
    When the client restarts, the client automatically goes through the PXE and Client Installation Wizard (CIW) screens. During the OSChooser screens, BINL clears this entry in Active Directory. Therefore, the client does not receive startrom.n12 again when the client restarts. This change uses the following registry subkey:
    • HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\BINLSVC\Parameters

      Name: ResetBootProgram
      Type: REG_DWORD
      Value: 1

Download information

The following files are available for download from the Microsoft Download Center.

Windows Server 2003, x64-based versions

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Windows Server 2003, 32-bit versions

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Release Date: October 18, 2005

For additional information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
119591 How to obtain Microsoft support files from online services
Microsoft scanned this file for viruses. Microsoft used the most current virus-detection software that was available on the date that the file was posted. The file is stored on security-enhanced servers that help prevent any unauthorized changes to the file.

Technical support for x64-based versions of Microsoft Windows

Your hardware manufacturer provides technical support and assistance for x64-based versions of Windows. Your hardware manufacturer provides support because an x64-based version of Windows was included with your hardware. Your hardware manufacturer might have customized the installation of Windows with unique components. Unique components might include specific device drivers or might include optional settings to maximize the performance of the hardware. Microsoft will provide reasonable-effort assistance if you need technical help with your x64-based version of Windows. However, you might have to contact your manufacturer directly. Your manufacturer is best qualified to support the software that your manufacturer installed on the hardware.

For product information about Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/64bit/default.mspx
For product information about x64-based versions of Microsoft Windows Server 2003, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/64bit/x64/editions.mspx

About Remote Installation Services and Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003

In Microsoft Windows Server 2003, you use Remote Installation Services (RIS) to automate the deployment of both client and servers. For more information about how to use Remote Installation Services in Windows Server 2003, visit the following Microsoft Desktop Deployment Center Web page:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/desktopdeployment/default.aspx
For more information about Microsoft Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003, visit the following Microsoft Web page:
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/hpc/faq.mspx
For more information about how to deploy Windows Server 2003 using RIS, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
325862 How to use Remote Installation Services to install Windows Server 2003 on remote computers

REFERENCES

Windows Compute Cluster Server 2003: Beta 1
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/hpc/default.mspx
Overview of High-Performance Computing
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/hpc/whitepaper.mspx
How Remote Installation Services works
http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver/en/library/a8c68dce-57e6-4710-bef6-d7adb1e9e8c31033.mspx
Remote Installation Services (RIS) for 64-bit operating systems
http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver/en/library/96a68f1f-e397-4429-9b3e-44e1532f37951033.mspx

Properties

Article ID: 907639 - Last Review: November 16, 2007 - Revision: 4.6
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition for Itanium-based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition for Itanium-Based Systems
Keywords: 
kbwinserv2003sp2fix kbqfe kbhotfixserver atdownload KB907639

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