???????? ??????? ?? "Active Directory" ?????? ?????????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 909264
 
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

????? ???

???? ??? ??????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?? Microsoft Windows ?????? ???? NetBIOS ????? ?????? DNS? ?????? "Active Directory" ???????? ????????? (OUs) ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?????? "Active Directory". ????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ??? "???? active Directory" ?? ?????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????.

???? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? Active Directory ?? ?? AD/AM ????? LDS ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?? ????? "????? ??????? ? Microsoft" ???????:
938447 ?? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???????
?? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ????????? ??????? ????????? ?????? ???????.

????? ????? ?????????

????? ????? ??????? NetBIOS

?????? ??????? ???
????? ????? ??????? NetBIOS ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? "???? ??? ????? ???". ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????.
???? ??? ????? ??
?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????? NetBIOS ??? ?????? ???????:
  • ???? ?????? ?????? (\)
  • ????? ?? ???? (/)
  • ???????? (:)
  • ??????? ??????? (*)
  • ????? ??????? (?)
  • ????? ?????? ('')
  • ???? ?? (?????<>
  • ???? ?? (&gt;)
  • ????? (|)
???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? (.). ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ?????? ???????? ????? DNS ??? ??????? ??????? ?? Microsoft Windows NT. ??? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ?? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? ????????? ?????? ?? Windows. ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? NetBIOS ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????? "???? ????".

?? Windows 2000 ?????????? ??????? ?? Windows? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???????. ??? ??????? ???? DNS ????.

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
244412???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????
????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ??? NetBIOS? ????? ??? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ???:
??????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? NetBIOS

???? ?????? ???? ?????
??? ????.
??? ????? ???? ??????
15 ?????.

?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???????.
????? ??????
???? "???? ??????? ????????."
???? ????
?????? (.).

??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? NetBIOS ???? ?????????. ???? NetBIOS ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? NetBIOS ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? TCP/IP ?????. ? NetBIOS ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ???? NetBIOS ?????? ????? ????????? ????.

????? ??????? ?????? NetBIOS ?? ????? ????? ???? ? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? Active Directory. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? NetBIOS? ?? ?????? ?????? ???-????? Microsoft ??? ???:
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1001.txt
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1002.txt

????? ???? DNS

?????? ??????? ???
???? ?? ????? ????? DNS ??? ???? ?????? ??? (?-?) ??????? ??????? (0-9) ?????? ????? (-) ?????? (.). ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????.

?? ???? ??? ?????? Windows 2000 (DNS) ??? Microsoft Windows Server 2003 DNS? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? Unicode. ?????? ???????? ???? ?? DNS ?? ????? ???? Unicode. ???? ???? Unicode ?? ???? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ? Microsoft DNS.

????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???-????? Microsoft ??? ???:
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc952.txt
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1123.txt
???? ??? ????? ??
?? ????? ????? ???? DNS ??? ?????? ???????:
  • ??????? (?)
  • ??? ?????? (~)
  • ???????? (:)
  • ????? ???? (!)
  • ????? (@)
  • ????? ????? (#)
  • ????? ??????? ($)
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  • ??????? (())
  • ??????? ({})
  • ????? ???? ????? (_)
  • ????? ????? (????)
????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? srv ????? RFC? ????? ???? ?????? DNS ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???. ????? ?? ????????? ????:http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc959336.aspx.

???? ?? ???????:
  • ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? "?????? ???????? ?????????" ?????? ????????? (ASCII) ?????.
  • ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????.
  • ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????.

?? Windows 2000 ?????????? ??????? ?? Windows? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???????. ??? ??????? ???? DNS ????.

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
244412???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?? ???? ?????? ????????? ??????? ????
?????? ????? ??? ???? DNS ??????? ??? ????? (-) ????? ??? ?????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
149044 ?????? ??? ???? DNS "-" ???? ??? ?????
???? ?????? ???? ?????
2 ???.
??? ????? ???? ??????
63 ?????.

???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? (FQDN) 63 ???? ?? ????? ? 255 ???? ??? FQDN.

?????? ?? ???? Windows ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? 15 ?????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? DNS ????? ?? ??? ???? NETBIOS. ??? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???????.

?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003? ??? ?????? ?????? ? ??????? FQDN ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? utf-8 ??? (Unicode). ??? ??? ?????? utf-8 ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????.

????? ?????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ???? FQDN ??? ?? 155 ????.
????? ?????? ?? RFC 952
  • -???????
  • -????? (GW)
  • -???
????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???-????? Microsoft ??? ???:
http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc952
????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows
???? "???? ??????? ????????."
???? ?????????
????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? DNS ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 DNS? ?????? ????????? ???????:
  • ???? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ??? ?????????? ????.
  • ????? ???? ????????? ??? ?????????.
  • ???? ????? ??? ??? ?????????.
  • ????? ASCII? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???????. ????? ASCII? DNS ??? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? Windows ? windows ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ?? ????.
  • ?????? ?? ??? ???? "Active Directory" ?????? DNS ???????? ???? ?????????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ???? ???? "???????? ????? ????????" ?????.
  • ??????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??. ???? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ?????? DNS ??????.
  • ??????? ???? ASCII. ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????? Windows ???? ???? ???? ?? Windows 2000.
  • ?? DNS ????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? RFC 1123. ????? ??? ?????? a ? Z a ? z? 0-9 ???????? (-). ?? Windows Server 2003? DNS ???? ???? ?????? utf-8 ?? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ASCII ??????? ?? utf-8 ??? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?????? DNS ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ???.

????? ????????

????? ???? NetBIOS

?????? ??????? ???
???? ?? ????? ????? ???? NetBIOS ??? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? "????? ??????". ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? ?????.
???? ??? ????? ??
?? ???? ?? ????? ????? ????? ??????? NetBIOS ??????? ??????:
  • ???? ?????? ?????? (\)
  • ????? ?? ???? (/)
  • ???????? (:)
  • ??????? ??????? (*)
  • ????? ??????? (?)
  • ????? ?????? ('')
  • ???? ?? (?????<>
  • ???? ?? (&gt;)
  • ????? (|)
???? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? (.). ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?????. ??? ?????? ???????? ????? DNS ??? ??????? ??????? ?? Microsoft Windows NT. ??? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? "Active Directory". ??? ??? ???? ?????? ???? ??? NetBIOS ???? ????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????. ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???? NetBIOS ????.

?? Windows 2000 ?????????? ??????? ?? Windows? ????? ????????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???????. ??? ??????? ???? DNS ????.
???? ?????? ???? ?????
??? ????.
??? ????? ???? ??????
15 ?????.

?????? ?? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???????.
????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows
???? "???? ??????? ????????."

???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ??? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ??????. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
836182?? ????? ????? ????? ??? ?? ???? Windows 2000 ??? ?? Windows 2000 Server ??? ??? ?????? ???? "??????"
???? ????
?????? (.).

??? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? NetBIOS ???? ?????????. ???? NetBIOS ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? NetBIOS ???? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? TCP/IP ?????. ? NetBIOS ????? ??? ????? ?????????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ????????? ??? ??? ???? ???? NetBIOS ?????? ????? ????????? ????.

????? ??????? ?????? NetBIOS ?? ????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? Active Directory. ???? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??? ????????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? DNS ??? "." ??? ?????? ???.

????? ?????? DNS

?????? ??????? ???
???? ?? ????? ????? DNS ??? ???? ?????? ??? (?-?) ??????? ??????? (0-9) ?????? ????? (-) ?????? (.). ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????.

?? ???? ??? ?????? Windows 2000 (DNS) ??? Microsoft Windows Server 2003 DNS? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? Unicode. ?????? ???????? ???? ?? DNS ?? ????? ???? Unicode. ???? ???? Unicode ?? ???? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ? Microsoft DNS.

????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???-????? Microsoft ??? ???:
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc952.txt
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1123.txt
???? ??? ????? ??
?? ????? ????? ?????? DNS ??? ?????? ???????:
  • ??????? (?)
  • ??? ?????? (~)
  • ???????? (:)
  • ????? ???? (!)
  • ????? (@)
  • ????? ????? (#)
  • ????? ??????? ($)
  • ?????? ??????? (%)
  • ????? ??????? (^)
  • ????? ???? (???)
  • ????? ?????? ?????? (')
  • ?????? (.)
  • ??????? (())
  • ??????? ({})
  • ????? ???? ????? (_)
  • ????? ????? (????)
????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? srv ????? RFC? ????? ???? ?????? DNS ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ????: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc959336.aspx.

??? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ?????? DNS? ???? ???? ????? ????? ??????.

???? ?? ???????:
  • ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ASCII.
  • ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????.
  • ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????.

???? ?????? ???? ?????
2 ???.
??? ????? ???? ??????
255 ?????.

???? ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? (FQDN) ?? 63 ???? ??? ????? ? 255 ????? ?? FQDN. ?????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? "?????? Active Directory" ?? ???????? ???????? ?? SYSVOL? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? MAX_PATH 260 ???.

????? ??? ???? ???? ?? SYSVOL: \<FQDN domain name="">\sysvol\<FQDN domain="" name="">\[user|machine]\ \policies\ {<policy guid="">}<CSE-specific path="">. "?????? ?????? ????? ?????" ?? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????.

FQDN AD ?????? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ??? ?????? FQDN ??????? ????? ??? 64 ?????.

?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003? ?????? FQDN ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? utf-8 ??? (Unicode). ??? ??? ?????? utf-8 ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????.

</CSE-specific></policy></FQDN></FQDN domain>????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
245809????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ? Windows 2000 ???? ??? 64 ???? utf-8 ???
?????? ????? ?????? ????? ???????
????? DNS ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ???.com ??.corp? .net?.org ?? ??? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? "??????" ??? DNS ???? ?????. ?? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????? DNS ???? ???????.

???? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? DNS ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? ???????. ?????? ??? ????? DNS ?????? "Active Directory"? ??? ?? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ????? DNS ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???????. ??? ???? ??????? "corp.example.com" ???? ?? "example.com". ????? ??? DNS ????? ?? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???. ?? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ??? DNS ?? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? DNS.

???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?? ???:
  • ?? ???? ????? ????? DNS ???? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????.
  • ???????? ???? ????? ??? ????? DNS ???? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????.
  • ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? DNS ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ????? ??? ????? DNS ???? ???????.
  • ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2003? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? XP Windows? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?????? DNS ???? ???????.
????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
285983???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000
300684 ??????? ??? ????? Windows ???????? ?????? ????? DNS
????? ?? ????????? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????: ???? ???? ????? ????? ????? DNS ? Microsoft

?????? ????? ??? ??????

????? ????? ??? ??? ??????
????? ??? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?? ??????? ????? DNS ?? ????? ???? DNS ???? ??? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? DNS ??? dc1.contosocorp.com ?? ???? ???? ??? DNS contoso.com.

??? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ??????
  1. ???? ???? ???? ???????? Windows NT 4.0 ????? ??? ???? ???? ???? Windows 2000 ???????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000. ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? "???? ??????"? ??? ????? ??? ?????? DNS.
  2. ??? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? Windows Server 2003? ?????? DNS ???????? ????? ???? ??? ???? DNS ??????.
??????? ????? ??? ??? ??????
????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??????? DC1 ???????? ?? ???? Windows NT 4.0 ?? ??? ???? NetBIOS ?? ???? ?????. ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? Windows 2000. ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? DNS ?? contoso.com ???? ??? ????? ??????. ????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows 2000? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ????? DNS ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? DNS ????? ??. ????? DNS ???????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? DNS ???? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows NT 4.0 ??????? ????? ?????. ?? ??? ??????? ??? DNS ?? DC1.northamerica.contoso.com.

???? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ????? ?????? (SRV) ?? DNS ??????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ???? DNS ????? ??. ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ?? ????? DNS ???? ?????? ?? ????? DNS ???????? ??.

?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ?????????? ???? ??? ????????:
5788 ???? ????? 258503 ? 5789 ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???? DNS "?" ??? ???? "Active Directory" ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? Windows
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/258503/en-us

.aspx http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc731929 (v=WS.10)

????? ??????
???? "???? ??????? ????????."

?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ???.com ??.net? ?. org. ??? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ?? ????? ????? ?? ?????.

??????? ??????

??????? ??????? ???????
??? ?? ???? ????? ??? DNS ???? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?? DNS ?????? ????? ?????.
???? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????
?? Windows 2000? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? 800. ?? Windows Server 2003? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? 2 1200. ??? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? Windows Server 2003.
???? ?????????
  • ????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ????? ??? DNS ??? ???? DNS ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ???? DNS ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????. ????? ??? DNS ??????? ????? ????? ?????? DNS ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??. ??? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????.
  • ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ??? ???? DNS ?????? ????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? contoso.com ??? ???? DNS ????????? ??????? ??? ???? DNS ??? corp.contoso.com ???? ???? ???????.
  • ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ??. ????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??? ???? ???.
  • ???? ????? ????? ???? ??? ???? domain.localhost. ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????.
  • ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ????. ?? ???? ???? ?????????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ?????.
  • ???? ??????? ????? ???? ????? (_) ?? ????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???? ???? RFC ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? ????? ????? ?? ?????? DNS ???????.
  • ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ????. ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ?????.
  • ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ???????? ? ????.
  • ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? DNS ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????. ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????.
  • ??? ??? ???? ??? DNS ?? ???? ????? ??? ??? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???? DNS ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????. ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????????.

????? ???????

???? ???????? ??? DNS ???? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????. ????? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ??????? ???? Microsoft DNS. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? DNS ?????? ???? ?????? "????? ????? DNS".
?????? ??????? ???
???? ?? ????? ????? DNS ??? ???? ?????? ??? (?-?) ??????? ??????? (0-9) ?????? ????? (-) ?????? (.). ???? ???? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ??????.

?? ???? ??? ?????? Windows 2000 (DNS) ??? Microsoft Windows Server 2003 DNS? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? Unicode. ?????? ???????? ???? ?? DNS ?? ????? ???? Unicode. ???? ???? Unicode ?? ???? ??????????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ? Microsoft DNS.

????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???-????? Microsoft ??? ???:
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc952.txt
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1123.txt
???? ??? ????? ??
?? ???? ?? ????? ????? DNS ??? ?????? ???????:
  • ??????? (?)
  • ??? ?????? (~)
  • ???????? (:)
  • ????? ???? (!)
  • ????? (@)
  • ????? ????? (#)
  • ????? ??????? ($)
  • ?????? ??????? (%)
  • ????? ??????? (^)
  • ????? ???? (???)
  • ????? ?????? ?????? (')
  • ?????? (.)
  • ??????? (())
  • ??????? ({})
  • ????? ???? ????? (_)
  • ????? ????? (????)
????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? srv ????? RFC? ????? ???? ?????? DNS ?? ???? ???? ?? ?? ???? ?? ???. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ????: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc959336.aspx.

???? ?? ???????:
  • ???????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ASCII.
  • ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ????? ?? ????.
  • ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?? ????.
???? ?????? ???? ?????
??? ????.
??? ????? ???? ??????
63 ?????.

???? ?????? ???? ??? DNS 63 ???? ??? ?????.

?? Windows 2000 ? Windows Server 2003? ??? ?????? ?????? ? ??????? FQDN ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? utf-8 ??? (Unicode). ??? ??? ?????? utf-8 ?????? ????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ??????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ???? 245809

????? ?????? ?????????

?????? ??????? ???
???? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ???. ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??????? Active Directory ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?? ?????? ????????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????. ???????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? (LDAP) ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ??? CN ?????? ??? ?????? ??????.

????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
886689????? ??????? ????? Ntdsutil ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? Windows Server 2003 ? Windows 2000
???? ??? ????? ??
??? ???? ???? ??? ?????.
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