??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? Active Directory ?? Windows Server

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 910205 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

??????

????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Microsoft Windows 2000 ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????.

?????

???? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? (TSL). ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? ????????. ????? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ???? "Active Directory" ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ???????. ????? ??? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ? ???????? ???? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????.

??????? ????

??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?? ??????? ????????

??? ??? ???? ?????? "Active Directory" ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????? Active Directory. ????? ???? ????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???????. ?????? ????? ???????? ?????? - ????? ???? ?????? ? ????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????. ??? ???????? ????? ????? ?? "Active Directory" ????? ?????. ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ?? TSL. ?? ????? TSL ??? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????.

?????? ?????????? TSL ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ????. ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????????? TSL ?????? ????? Windows ???.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????????? ????????? ????? ?????
???? ??????? Windows 200060 ???
Windows Server 200360 ???
Windows Server 2003 ?? ???? ?????? Service Pack 1?????? 180
?????? ?? ???? ???? TSL ???????? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 1 (SP1). ??? ???????? ?????? TSL ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ??????.

??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ????, ??? ???? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????????. ????? TSL ????? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ??? ???? ?????. ??? ????? TSL ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????.

????? ???? ???????? ???????

??? ??? ????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?? TSL ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?? "Active Directory" ??? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ?????. ???? ??? ??? ???????? ???????? ???????. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ????? ?????.

????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ????? ????????, ???? ???? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???.

???? ?????? ????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? - replicate ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????????? ?????????:
  • ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? "??????? ????? ????? ????????" ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????. ???? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????.
  • ??? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? "??????? ????? ????? ????????" ????? ? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????. ???? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????.

???? ??? ??????? ?????

??? ??????? ????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????:
  • ???? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????.
  • ????? ???? ?? TSL ????? ???? ???? ???? pre-staged ??? ?????? ??????.
  • ????? ??????? ???? ??????? (WAN) ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ???? onboard ????? cruise ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ?? TSL.
  • ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ????? false ????? ????? TSL ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????????.
  • ??? ?? ??????? ???? ???? ????? false ???????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ??? ????. ???? skews ????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ????. ?? ???? skews ???? ??????? ???????:
    • ???? ????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ????.
    • ?? ????? ???? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ????. ????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? "??? Windows" (W32Time) ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???????? ????? ????? ???? ???????.
    • ???? ????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ???????? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ??? ????. ???? ?? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ???????. ???? ????? ?? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ?? ??????.

?????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???????? ???????

???? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????:
  • ????? ??? ????????? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ???????.
  • ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??????.
  • ?? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ???????? (UPN) ?? ?????? ????????.
??? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ?????. ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????.

????? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ?????? ????????

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???? ???????? ???
1862???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? (??? ???????).
1863???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? (??? ???????).
1864???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ???? ??????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ??????? (?????).
1311???? ????? ????? (KCC) ??? ???? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ???????.
2042???? ?? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????.
????? ?? ????????? ??? 2042 ???? ????? ? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/Library/4f504103-1a16-41e1-853a-c68b77bf3f7e1033.mspx

??????? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???? ???????? ???
1084?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????.
1388???? ??? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?????.
1311???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???.
?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? 1988 ???? ?????. ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ???????.

????? repadmin ???? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???? ???????? ???
8240?? ???? ?? ???? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??????.
8606?? ????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????.

?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????

  • ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ???????? (GAL) ??? ?????? ?????? Microsoft Exchange Server. ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ?? GAL ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????.
  • ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? GAL ????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????? ????????. ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ????? ?????. ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ?? ??????? ????? *CNF:GUID ??? ?????. ?? ??? ??????? * ???? ??? ????? CNF ?? ???? ???? ??? ?? ????? ????? GUID ???? ????? objectGUID.
  • ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ????? "Active Directory" ???? ?? ??????. ??? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ????????. ??? ??? ???????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ??????????, ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????????.
  • ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ???????. ??? ????? ?? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????, ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ??, ?? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????????.
  • ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? Exchange. ???? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?? "Active Directory". ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????.
  • ?? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??? ????. ?? ??? ???? ???? ?? ??????. ???? ???? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????.
??? ?? ????? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????. ??? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?????, ?? ???? ????? ??????. ????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????.

????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????

????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000 ?????? ??????

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 2000? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????????):
314282?? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????? ?????

Windows Server 2003 ?????? ??????

?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet2.microsoft.com/WindowsServer/en/Library/77dbd146-f265-4d64-bdac-605ecbf1035f1033.mspx
????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????????):
892777????? ??? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?????? Service Pack 1

??? ???????? ???????

???? ??? ????? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ???????? ???????.

??????? ??????: ????? ????? ??????? "??????? ????? ????? ????????"

????? ????? ????? ??????? "????? ????? ???????? ???????" ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ????? ???. ?? ???? ????? administrations ??? ???????? ??? ?? ????? ??? ??????.

??? ??? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? "????? ????? ???????? ???????" ???? ?? ??? ??? ????? ????? ????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ?????. ???? ????? ??????? "??????? ????? ????? ????????" ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters
????? ??? ???????? ???? ??????? REG_DWORD. ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? 1 ??? ????? ???????. ?? ????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ??????. ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? 0? ??? ????? ???????. ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????. ?? ???? ??????? revived ?? ?????? ????? ????.

??? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? "????? ????? ???????? ???????" ?????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????.

?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ???????? ??? ??? ???? ???? ????.

????? ????????? ??????????? ??? ???? ????? ??????? "??????? ????? ????? ????????" ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ???? 1 (?????) ??? ????? ???????? ?????????:
  • ??? ??????? ????? Windows Server 2003 Winnt32.exe ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? Windows NT 4.0 (PDC) ??? Windows Server 2003. ???? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????.
  • ?? ????? Active Directory ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003. ???? ??? ????????? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????.
???? ????? ??????? "??????? ????? ????? ????????" ?? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????? 0 (?????) ??? ????? ???????? ?????????:
  • ??? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows 2000 ??? Windows Server 2003.
  • ?? ????? Active Directory ??? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ??? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows 2000.
??? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2003 ?????? ????? ?????? SP1 ??? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? "??????? ????? ????? ????????". ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? Repadmin.exe ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? Repadmin.exe ?????? "????? ????? ???????? ???????" ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc780362(WS.10).aspx

??????? 2: ????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??? ???????

??????? ????? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? repadmin /showrepl ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? cmd ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ???? repadmin /showrepl * /csv > showrepl.csv ? ?? ???? ENTER.
  3. ?? Microsoft Excel? ???? Showrepl.csv ?????.
  4. ??? ?????? A + RPC ???????.
  5. ?? ??????? ????? ???? ??? ???.
  6. ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????.
  7. ?? ??????? Windows ? ???? ??? ??? ?????.
  8. ??? ???? ???????? ???????.
  9. ?? ??????? ?????????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???????.
  10. ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??????.
  11. ??? ????? ?????? src ???? ???? ?????? DC ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????.
  12. ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ?????.
  13. ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ??? ???? del.

    ?????? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???????.
  14. ?? ????? ?????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ????.
  15. ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ?????.
  16. ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ????? ???? 0.
  17. ?? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????.

??????? ???????: ????? ????? ???? ??????

????? ????? failing ????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? TSL.

??????? ???????: TSL ?????

???? Windows 2000

????? TSL ????? 180 ???????? ???? Adsiedit. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? ???? Adsiedit ?????? ??????? DomainControllerName ?? ?????? CN = ????? ? DC = ForestRootDomain ? ?? ?????? CN = ????? ? ?? ?????? CN = Windows NT, ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? CN = "???? ??????", ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????.
  3. ?? ??????? ????? ?? ????? ??? ? ???? ??? ???????.
  4. ?? ??????? ????? ????? ??? ? ???? ??? TombstoneLifetime.
  5. ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? 180 ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
Windows Server 2003

????? TSL ????? 180 ???????? ???? Adsiedit. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?? ???? Adsiedit ?????? ??????? DomainControllerName ?? ?????? CN = ????? ? DC = ForestRootDomain ? ?? ?????? CN = ????? ? ?? ?????? CN = Windows NT, ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? CN = "???? ??????", ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  2. ???? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ?????.
  3. ?? ??????? "?????" ? ???? ??? TombstoneLifetime ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  4. ?? ?????? ??????? ???? 180 ?? ???? ??? ?????.

???????

???? ???????: 910205 - ????? ??? ??????: 28/???? ?????/1428 - ??????: 1.7
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Advanced Server
  • Microsoft Windows 2000 Datacenter Server
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbhowto kbinfo kbexpertiseadvanced kbwinservds kbactivedirectory KB910205 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????910205

????? ???????

 

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