Network Diagnostics untuk Windows XP tersedia untuk membantu meng-identifikasi dan memperbaiki masalah koneksi jaringan

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Artikel ini dilokalkan oleh MVP Aris Lesmana. Microsoft berterimakasih kepada para MVP yang secara proaktif telah membagi pengetahuan mereka dengan para pengguna lainnya. Untuk artikel lainnya yang telah ditulis oleh MVP ini, silakan kunjungi blog-nya.

PENGANTAR

Artikel ini membahas kakas Network Diagnostics untuk Windows XP. Kakas ini disediakan untuk membantu Anda dalam meng-identifikasi dan memperbaiki masalah koneksi. Masalah koneksi ini dapat terjadi di jaringan rumahan yang terhubung ke Internet dengan menggunakan modem kabel atau dengan menggunakan modem DSL (Digital Subscriber Line).

Informasi lebih lanjut

Kakas Network Diagnostics untuk Windows XP dapat membantu memecahkan beberapa masalah koneksi yang umum ditemukan didalam lingkungan jaringan rumahan.

Untuk mendiagnosa status koneksi jaringan, kakas Network Diagnostics untuk Windows XP akan melakukan analisa dengan menjalankan serangkaian pemeriksaan berikut:
  • Pemeriksaan konfigurasi IP
  • Pemeriksaan default gateway
  • Pemeriksaan Winsock
  • Pemeriksaan DNS
  • Pemeriksaan Firewall
  • Pemeriksaan validasi koneksi Internet
Umumnya, dukungan professional akan bekerja menyertai Anda saat Anda menjalankan kakas Network Diagnostics untuk Windows XP ini untuk membantu mendiagnosa status koneksi jaringan.

Sebagian besar jaringan rumahan menggunakan salah satu dari metode berikut ini untuk meng-akses atau membagi koneksi Internet tunggal berkecepatan tinggi:
  • Router yang berdiri sendiri
  • Gateway rumahan, seperti misalnya modem kabel berikut routernya atau modem DSL berikut routernya
  • Komputer yang menjalankan Internet Connection Sharing atau bentuk lain dari Network Address Translation (NAT)

Bagaimana cara mendapatkan kakas Network Diagnostics untuk Windows XP

The following file is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:

Network Diagnostic Tool (KB914440):
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Download
Download the WindowsXP-KB914440-v12-x86-ENU.exe package now.

Bagaimana cara menjalankan kakas Network Diagnostics untuk Windows XP

Anda dapat menggunakan kakas Network Diagnostics untuk Windows XP untuk memeriksa koneksi jaringan dan menentukan apakah program dan layanan yang terkait dengan jaringan bekerja dengan baik. Untuk menjalankan kakas ini, gunakan salah satu metode berikut ini:
  • Pada Microsoft Internet Explorer, klik Diagnose Connection Problems pada menu Tools.
  • Klik Start, klik Run, ketikan %windir%\network diagnostic\xpnetdiag.exe, lalu klik OK.
  • Jalankan panduan bantuan untuk Microsoft Knowledge Base artikel 326155. For more information about how to download Guided Help for Microsoft Knowledge Base article 956196, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
    956196 You receive an error message in Internet Explorer: "Internet Explorer cannot display the webpage"
Kakas ini memiliki atribut file (atau atribut file yang lebih baru) yang terdapat didalam tabel berikut. Tanggal dan waktu untuk file-file ini tercantum dalam waktu UTC (Coordinated Universal Time). Ketika Anda melihat informasi file, waktunya akan diubah ke waktu lokal. Untuk menemukan perbedaan waktu UTC dan waktu lokal, gunakan tab zona waktu pada item tanggal dan waktu dalam Control Panel.

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Nama fileVersi fileUkuran fileTanggalWaktuPlatformPersyaratan SP
Custsat.dll9.0.2600.292133,79203-Jun-200611:40x86SP2
Xpnetdg.exe5.1.2600.3012557,56810-Oct-200612:44x86SP2
Xpnetdg.xslNot Applicable1,69214-Apr-200622:11Not ApplicableSP2
Xpsp3res.dll5.1.2600.3011214,52810-Oct-200606:12x86SP2

Components of the Network Diagnostics for Windows XP tool

The Network Diagnostics for Windows XP tool consists of the following components:
  • The User Interface
    The User Interface runs like a Windows wizard. It prompts the user to perform automated and manual tasks to resolve the network connectivity issues. Users can "opt-in" and have the diagnostic send information to Microsoft.
  • The Diagnostic Decision Unit
    The Diagnostic Decision Unit runs in the background. It is responsible for processing diagnostic information and for presenting information about status to the User Interface.
  • The Logging Component
    The Logging Component is responsible for writing information about the diagnostic run to an .xml file that is stored on the system. Users can view detailed information about the diagnostic run every time that it finishes.
  • The Service Quality Measurement Component
    The Service Quality Measurement Component collects information about how the tool is running. This component collects information about the successes and failures of each diagnostic component as they try to diagnose network connectivity problems. This information can be transmitted to Microsoft for analysis and for help improving the tool.

    Note The information that is sent to Microsoft contains no information about the user or about any data that can be linked back to a specific user or computer.

Registry setting that allows for troubleshooting if a third-party program is managing the wireless service

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

The Network Diagnostics for Windows XP tool will not perform wireless troubleshooting if a third-party program is managing the wireless service. To change this behavior, add a DWORD entry that is named WIRELESS_bail_out to the following registry subkey:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies
Then, give this new entry a value of 1. When the value of this new entry is set to 1, the user is prompted to allow for Windows to manage the wireless service.

Note The specific affected service may vary, depending on the third-party program.

To do this, follow these steps:
  1. Click Start, click Run, type regedit, and then click OK.
  2. Locate and then click the following subkey in the registry:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Network Diagnostic
  3. On the Edit menu, point to New, and then click DWORD Value.
  4. Type WIRELESS_bail_out for the name of the DWORD entry, and then press ENTER.
  5. Right-click WIRELESS_bail_out, and then click Modify.
  6. In the Value data box, type 1, and then click OK.
  7. Exit Registry Editor.
To disable this entry, delete the WIRELESS_bail_out entry or set its value to 0.

Registry setting that enables debug logging

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756 How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

The Network Diagnostics for Windows XP tool has a debugging option to enable detailed debugging. The detailed debugging option logs detailed debugging information in the %Windir%\Debug\Xpnetdiag.log file. To enable debug logging, add a DWORD entry that is named Debug to the following registry subkey
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies
Then, give this entry a value of 1. To do this, follow these steps:
  1. Click Start, click Run, type regedit, and then click OK.
  2. Locate and then click the following subkey in the registry:
    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Network Diagnostic
  3. On the Edit menu, point to New, and then click DWORD Value.
  4. Type Debug for the name of the DWORD entry, and then press ENTER.
  5. Right-click Debug, and then click Modify.
  6. In the Value data box, type 1, and then click OK.
  7. Exit Registry Editor.
When this setting is enabled and you run the tool, information that resembles the following information is logged in the %Windir%\Debug\Xpnetdiag.log file:
[         winsockdiag.cpp:0023][INFO ] CWinsockDiag::CWinsockDiag enter
[         winsockdiag.cpp:0027][INFO ] CWinsockDiag::CWinsockDiag leave
[        ipconfigdiag.cpp:0050][INFO ] CIPConfigDiag::CIPConfigDiag enter
[        ipconfigdiag.cpp:0055][INFO ] CIPConfigDiag::CIPConfigDiag leave
[             dnsdiag.cpp:0023][INFO ] CDnsDiag::CDnsDiag enter
[             dnsdiag.cpp:0032][INFO ] CDnsDiag::CDnsDiag leave
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0077][INFO ] CSanityDiag::CSanityDiag enter
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0084][INFO ] CSanityDiag::CSanityDiag leave
[           xpnetdiag.cpp:0233][INFO ] Registering global messages and objects
[           xpnetdiag.cpp:0236][INFO ] Checking to see if this is the only instance of XPNETDIAG
[           xpnetdiag.cpp:0245][INFO ] There is no other instance of XPNETDIAG active
[             maindlg.cpp:0912][INFO ] DoTransition: Current State = 0x0, Event = 0x0
[             maindlg.cpp:0939][INFO ] DoTransition: New State = 0x1
[                 log.cpp:0028][INFO ] CLog ctor
[                 log.cpp:0029][INFO ] full log path:  C:\WINDOWS\Network Diagnostic\xpnetdiag.xml
[                 log.cpp:0313][INFO ] CLog::InitializeLog()
[             maindlg.cpp:0912][INFO ] DoTransition: Current State = 0x1, Event = 0x0
[             maindlg.cpp:0939][INFO ] DoTransition: New State = 0x2
[             maindlg.cpp:1122][INFO ] Calling Diagnose( RC = 0x0 )
[                 log.cpp:0059][INFO ] CLog::SetComponent("HTTP, HTTPS, FTP Diagnostic") called
[                 log.cpp:0104][INFO ] CLog::SetRootCause("HTTP, HTTPS, FTP connectivity") called
[                 log.cpp:0230][INFO ] CLog::SetRootCauseStatus(2) called
[                 log.cpp:0254][INFO ] 		current root cause status == indeterminate
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0125][INFO ] CSanityDiag::Diagnose enter
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0182][INFO ] CSanityDiag::SanityCheck enter
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0704][INFO ] Read Use PASV mode from registry: True
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1001][INFO ] Starting connection attempt: www.microsoft.com
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1001][INFO ] Starting connection attempt: www.microsoft.com
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1172][INFO ] Opening HTTP request to www.microsoft.com
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1184][INFO ] Sending HTTP request to www.microsoft.com
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1172][INFO ] Opening HTTP request to www.microsoft.com
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1001][INFO ] Starting connection attempt: ftp.microsoft.com
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1184][INFO ] Sending HTTP request to www.microsoft.com
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1252][INFO ] Connected to ftp.microsoft.com. Issuing LIST command
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1194][INFO ] Verifying response from www.microsoft.com
[                 log.cpp:0156][INFO ] CLog INFO:  HTTP: Successfully connected to www.microsoft.com.
[          sanitydiag.cpp:1194][INFO ] Verifying response from www.microsoft.com
[                 log.cpp:0156][INFO ] CLog INFO:  HTTPS: Successfully connected to www.microsoft.com.
[                 log.cpp:0156][INFO ] CLog INFO:  FTP (Passive): Successfully connected to ftp.microsoft.com.
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0266][INFO ] CSanityDiag::SanityCheck leave
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0143][INFO ] CSanityDiag::Diagnose leave
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0121][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : Stream DATAID_XP_NET_DIAG_CHK_STATUS : 
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0122][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : RootCauseID = 0
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0123][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : DiagnosisStatus = 0
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0124][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : FixID = 42
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0125][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : Time = 1
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0126][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : ExecutionStatus = 0
[             maindlg.cpp:1150][INFO ] Diagnose returns HR = 0x0, DiagStatus = 0x0, FixId = 0x2a
[                 log.cpp:0230][INFO ] CLog::SetRootCauseStatus(0) called
[                 log.cpp:0254][INFO ] 		current root cause status == reject
[             maindlg.cpp:0912][INFO ] DoTransition: Current State = 0x2, Event = 0x2
[             maindlg.cpp:0939][INFO ] DoTransition: New State = 0x7
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0103][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : DATAID_XP_NET_DIAG_TIME = 2
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0084][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : DATAID_XP_NET_DIAG_RESULT = 0
[ xpnetdiagsqmsession.cpp:0085][INFO ] [SQM DATA] : DATAID_XP_NET_DIAG_ENDPT = 16
[           xpnetdiag.cpp:0288][INFO ] SQM Upload URL = http://sqm.microsoft.com/sqm/windows/sqmserver.dll/,SQM Secure Upload URL = ,SQM Session Dir = C:\WINDOWS\Network Diagnostic\Sqm,SQM Session file name = NetDiag%02d.sqm,SQM Session file pattern = NetDiag*.sqm,SQM Enabled = False,SQM Machine GUID = 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000,SQM User GUID = 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000,SQM Upload Status: Is being sampled = No, timestamp = N/A,Config object status : Config Loaded = True, Is New User = No
[           xpnetdiag.cpp:0293][INFO ] OS Version = 5.1, IE Version = 7.0, OS Build Number = 2600, OS SKU = 2 (Professional SKU), SP Version = 2.0,OS days since install = 27 (39624 min), Processor Architecture = 0, Processor Revision = 516, Processor Speed = 2018 Mhz, Processor Level = 15 ( Processor: Intel x86 architecture, level 15, model 2, stepping 4 ), Processor Count = 1, Physical Memory = 1535 Mb, User Locale = 1033 ( Default language: English ), User Language = 1033 ( English ), Manufacturer = Manufacturer_name, Model = Model_name, BIOS version = Bios_name
[           xpnetdiag.cpp:0302][INFO ] Application version: 327681.170396521 (5.1.2600.2921)
[         winsockdiag.cpp:0035][INFO ] CWinsockDiag::~CWinsockDiag enter
[         winsockdiag.cpp:0038][INFO ] CWinsockDiag::~CWinsockDiag leave
[             dnsdiag.cpp:0040][INFO ] CDnsDiag::~CDnsDiag enter
[             dnsdiag.cpp:0050][INFO ] CDnsDiag::~CDnsDiag leave
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0092][INFO ] CSanityDiag::~CSanityDiag enter
[          sanitydiag.cpp:0096][INFO ] CSanityDiag::~CSanityDiag leave
To disable this entry, delete the Debug entry or set its value to 0.

Removal instructions

For more information about how to uninstall Windows software update packages such as Network Diagnostics for Windows XP, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
262841 Command-line switches for Windows software update packages

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Properti

ID Artikel: 914440 - Kajian Terakhir: 25 September 2013 - Revisi: 1.2
Berlaku bagi:
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
Kata kunci: 
atdownload kbexpertisebeginner kbmvp kbcommunity KB914440

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