???????

??? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ?? Windows Server 2008? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ???:
????? ???????: ??? 0x8007232b
??? DNS ??? ?????.
??? ?????? ????? Windows 7 ?? Windows 8 ?? Windows Server 2012? ????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????:

????? ????? 1
???? ????? Windows.
???? ????? ???? ???? ????? (KMS) ?? ???? ??? ?????? (DNS)? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?? DNS.
???: 0x8007232b
?????:
??? DNS ??? ?????.
????? ????? 2
???: 0x8007007B
"??? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????"
?? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????:
  • ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ???????:
    • Windows8
    • Windows 7
    • ?????? ????? ????????
    • ?????? ????? ????????
    • ???? Windows 2012
    • Windows Server 2008
    • Windows Server 2008 R2
  • ????? ??????? "????? ???????" ???????? ???? ???? ????? ???????? (KMS).
??? ??? ?????? MSDN ?? TechNet ???????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ????? ?????? (MAK).

????

??? ??? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ?????? ????.

??????? ??????: ??????? "????? ??????? ??????" ????? ?? ??????? KMS

???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
??? ?? ?????? KMS ???????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ?? ???? KMS? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? MAK. ????? ????? Microsoft (MSDN) ?? ? TechNet? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???????? (Sku) ???? ?? ????? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ????? MAK.

????? ????? ?????? ??? MAK. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ????
    ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
    ?? ????
    ? ???? ??? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ???? ???????.
  2. ???? ??? " ????? ??????".

    ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
    ??? "?????? ?? ????" ????????
    ??? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????????.
  3. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? Enter:
    slmgr-ipk xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx
    ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
    ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx-xxxxx ???? ????? ?????? MAK.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

??????? ???????: ????? ???? ???? KMS ??????? ?????? ?????

???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????? ??????? KMS ????? ???? ???? KMS ??????? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? ???? ?? KMS ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? KMS ???????? ????? ???? ???? KMS ???????. ??? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? KMS? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ?????? (DNS). ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? KMS? ????? ???
????? ????? ???? kms ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? Windows Server 2008 R2 ??????.


????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ???? KMS ?????? ??? ??????? DNS? ????? ??? ????? Microsoft ??????? ??? ?????:

??????? ???????: ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? KMS ??? ?????? ???????

???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
??? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? KMS ?????? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???? KMS ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ?? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ????? ??? ???? KMS ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? KMS ???? ?? DNS. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ???? ??? ????
      ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
      ?? ????
      ? ???? ??? ???? ???????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ???? ??? ???? ???????.
    2. ???? ??? " ????? ??????".

      ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
      ??? "?????? ?? ????" ????????
      ??? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????????.
    3. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ENTER: nslookup-??? = ???? _vlmcs._tcp > kms.txt
    4. ???? ????? KMS.txt ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????. ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ??????:
      _vlmcs._tcp.contoso.com                            SRV service location:
                        priority       = 0
                        weight         = 0
                        port           = 1688
                        svr hostname   = kms-server.contoso.com
      
    5. ?? ???? ???? ??????? "_vlmcs" ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? KMS ????????? ????? ??? "??????? 4" ??????.
  2. ???? ???????? ???? ???? KMS ???? ???? ????? ??? srv DNS ??? ????? ?? 24 ????. ???? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? KMS ?? DNS. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ???? ??? ????????? regedit?? ???? Enter.
    2. ????? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\SL
    3. ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ??????????????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? 1? ????? ???? KMS ?? DNS. ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ??????????????????? ? ?????? ???? DWORD ????? ???? ???????????????????-??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? 0. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???????????????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? 0 ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.

    ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
    ?????? ???? ???????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?? 24 ???? ?? ??????? ??????.
???? ???? DNS ?? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ????? ??? "VLMCS._TCP? SRV" ??????. ?????? ??? KMS SRV ?? ???? Microsoft DNS ??????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ??? ???? DNS? ???? "????? DNS". ???? "????? DNS"? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???? ??? DNS.
  2. ???? ??? ???? DNS ??? ???? ????? ??? ?????? SRV.
  3. ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ???????????? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????.
  4. ?? ???????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ?????? (SRV)?? ???? ??? ????? ???.
  5. ???? ????????? ???????:
    • ??????: _VLMCS
    • ????????: _TCP
    • ??? ??????: 1688
    • ?????? ???? ???? ??????:<FQDN_of_KMS_Host></FQDN_of_KMS_Host>
  6. ??? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??.
?????? ?????? SRV ??????? ?? ???? DNS ????????? ?? ??? 9.x ????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????.

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? Microsoft DNS? ????? ????? ????? SRV ???????? ??? ?? ???? DNS ??? 9.x ???????.
  • ??? = _vlmcs._TCP
  • ??? = SRV
  • ???????? = 0
  • ????? = 0
  • ???? = 1688
  • ??? ?????? =<FQDN or="" a-name="" of="" the="" kms="" host=""> </FQDN>
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????? ?? ?????? KMS ?????? ???????? ? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? KMS. ??? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ???????.

?????? ???? DNS 9.x ??? ???? ????? ???????? KMS? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? KMS. ??? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? Named.conf ?? ?? Named.conf.local:
allow-update { any; };
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

?????? ???????: ????? ?????? ???? KMS

???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???? ???????? ??????? ????? KMS ???? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?? DNS ?????? ?????? ??? ????? _VLMCS ???? ????? ??????? ??????. ????? DNS ????? ???????? KMS ?? ????? ??????. ???? KMS ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ????. ??? ???? ??? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ????? ???????. ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ????????. ???? ???? ??????? ???? ???????? ????????. ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ???? KMS. ?????? ????? ???? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?????? KMS. ???? ???? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ?????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?? ????
? ???? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ??????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
??? "?????? ?? ????" ????????
??? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????????.

?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????:
  • ????? ???? KMS ???????? FQDN ??????? ???? ????? ??????:
    cscript \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs -skms <KMS_FQDN>:<port>
  • ????? ???? KMS ???????? ??????? 4 ?? ????? IP ??????? ???? ????? ??????:
    cscript \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs -skms <IPv4Address><:port>
  • ????? ???? KMS ???????? ????? IP ??????? 6 ?? ??????? ???? ????? ??????:
    cscript \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs -skms <IPv6Address><:port>
  • ????? ???? KMS ???????? ??? NETBIOS ??????? ???? ????? ??????:
    cscript \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs -skms <NetbiosName><:port>
  • ?????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? KMS? ???? ????? ??????:
    cscript \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs ?ckms
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

??????? ???????: ???? ?? ??? DNS ????? KMS ?????? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ????? KMS

???? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
??? ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????? KMS. ??? ???? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? DNS ?? ???? KMS ?? ??????? ????? KMS ??????? ???? ??????? ???????:
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ???? KMS ???? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???:
  1. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? Enter:
    IPCONFIG/????
  2. ?? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???? DNS ?? ????? IP ????.
  3. ???? ?? ????? IP ????? ????? DNS ???????? ????? ping . ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????.
    pingDNS_Server_IP_address>
    ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
    ?????? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?????.

    ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? TCP/IP ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ping ???? DNS? ???? ??????? Microsoft TechNet ??????? ????? TCP/IP.
  4. ???? ?? ?? ????? ????? ????? DNS ???????? ????? ????? ?????? DNS ???? KMS ?????.

    ?????? ????????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? DNS KMS ?? ????? DNS ????? ??? ??? ?????? SRV ????? KMS. ????? DNS ??? ?? ????? DNS ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????? DNS ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? DNS Active Directory.

    ?????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? DNS KMS ?? ????? DNS ????? ??? ??? ?????? SRV ????? KMS. ????? DNS ??? ?? ????? DNS ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????? DNS ???????? ????????? ?? ??? ???? DNS ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? (?????? ??????). ??? ????? ??? ?????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???? 15 ????????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?? ??? ????????? (RFC) 2132.
  5. ???? ?? ????? SRV ???? KMS ????? ?? DNS. ?? ???? ????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?? ???? Enter:
    nslookup-??? = ???? _vlmcs._tcp > kms.txt
  6. ???? ????? Kms.txt ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ?????. ??? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ???:
    _vlmcs._tcp.contoso.com                            SRV service location:
                      priority       = 0
                      weight         = 0
                      port           = 1688
                      svr hostname   = kms-server.contoso.com
    
    ???? ?? ????? IP ???? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? KMS.

    ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
    ?????? ?? ???? ???? ????? nslookup ???? KMS? ???? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ???? DNS ???? KMS. ?? ???? ???? ????? nslookup ???? KMS? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????? ????? ???? ???? KMS? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ?????? DNS ???????? ?????? DNS ????? ?????.

    ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
    ?????? ??? ????? ????? SRV ?? ????? DNS ???? ????? KMS ????? ?????? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? KMS ?????? contoso.com . ?? ??? ?????????? ???? KMS ???? ?? ????? VLMCS._TCP SRV ??? ????? DNS contoso.com . ?????? VLMCS._TCP .CONTOSO.COM ????? ?????. ??? ?? ????? ??????? ???????? ????? DNS ??????? ???????? ??? KMS ?? ??? ?????? DNS. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ????? ?????? ??? ???? KMS.
    2. ???? ???? ????? ??? ????. ?????? ????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ??? ????? ??????.

      ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
      ??? "?????? ?? ????" ????????
      ??? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?? ????????.
    3. ?? ???? ???????? ???? Regedit.exe? ?? ???? ENTER.
    4. ?? ?????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\SL
    5. ?? ??? ??????? ???? ??? SL. ?? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??????? ????????.
    6. ??? ?????????????????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ??? ENTER.
    7. ???? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????????????? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    8. ?? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ???????? ? ???? ?? ????? ?????? DNS ??? ???? ?????? KMS ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.

      ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
      ?????? ?????? 7 ? Windows Server 2008 R2? ??? ????? ?????????????????? ??????.

      ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????
    9. ????? ????? "???? ????? ???????" ???????? ?????? ???????? " ????? ". ??? ??????? ??? ????? ????? SRV.
  7. ???? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? KMS. ????? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????? IP ???? ??? ??????? ?????. ?? ???? ??? ?? ?? ?????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? DNS.
  8. ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????? KMS? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ????? ???? KMS ?? ??????? ?????? ???:
    cscript C:\Windows\System32\slmgr.vbs ? ????
  9. ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? SRV? ???? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? "??????? 4" ?????? ?????? ???? KMS ???? ????. ???? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ??? ??? ?? ????? ?? ??? SRV. ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????.

    ????? ????? ??????? ???????:
    \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs-???? cscript <KMS_FQDN>:<port> </port> </KMS_FQDN>
    cscript \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs ? ato
    ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? SRV ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? SRV.

    ??? ?? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???????:
    \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs-???? cscript <IP address="">:<port> </port> </IP>
    cscript \windows\system32\slmgr.vbs ? ato
    ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ???.
  10. ??? ??????? ?????? TCP 1688 ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? KMS ????? KMS. ??? ??? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ???? ??????? ?? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??? ???? TCP 1688.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????

?????? ??? ????? ?? ?????????

??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?????? Windows 8? ?????? 7? ?????? ????? ????????? Windows Vista Business? 2012 ???? Windows ?? Windows Server 2008? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ???? ????. ??? ?????? ????? Windows 8? ?????? 7? ?????? ????? ????????? Windows Vista Business? 2012 ???? Windows ?? Windows Server 2008? ?????? ????? ??????? DNS ?????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? Windows 8 ???????? ??? Windows 7? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Vista? ????? ??? Windows Server 2012 ?? ???????? ??? Windows Server 2008 ???? ?????? ??????? KMS. ??? ??????? ????????? DNS ??????? ??? ????? DNS ????????? ???? KMS? ?????? ??????? ????? ?????. ??? ??? ???? ????? ??????? ???? KMS? ?? ????? ??????? DNS ??????? ????? ????????? ??????. ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ???? KMS? ??? ????? ??????? ???? KMS ?? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ???? MAK ????? ????? ????? ???? ???????.

???? ????? Microsoft (MSDN) ? Microsoft TechNet ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ???????? (Sku) ?? Windows Server 2008 ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2 SKUs ?? Windows Server 2012 SKUs ? Windows Vista ??????? ??????? "????? Sku Windows 8 Enterprise" ?????? Sku ??????? 7 Windows. ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ???????. ?? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? MSDN? ????? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ????? ???? ???????. ??? ??? ?????? ????? MSDN ?? TechNet? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? MSDN. ??????? "??????? 1" ????? ?????? ?? ??? "????" ?????? ????? ??????.

?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
?????? ????? ?????? MSDN ?? TechNet ? Windows Server 2012 ? Windows Server 2008? ????? ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2? ?????? ????? ????????? Windows 8 Enterprise ?? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? MAK.

?????

????? ?? ????????? ??? "????? ???? ???????"? ???? ????? ????? ????? Microsoft 929712: ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ????? ??????? Windows Vista ? Windows Server 2008 ????? ??????? Windows Server 2008 R2 ?????? 7

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ???? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ?? Microsoft ??? ?????.

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ?? Windows Server 2008 ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???.

??? ??? ??????

???? ???????: 929826
????? ??????: 16/?????/1435
????? ???: Windows 8 Enterprise, Windows 8 Enterprise N, Windows Server 2012 Datacenter, Windows Server 2012 Foundation, Microsoft Hyper-V Server 2012, Windows Server 2012 Standard, Windows 7 Enterprise, Windows 7 Enterprise N, Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter, Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter without Hyper-V, Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise, Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise without Hyper-V, Windows Server 2008 R2 Foundation, Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard, Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard without Hyper-V, Windows Vista Business, Windows Vista Enterprise, Windows Vista Business 64-bit edition, Windows Vista Enterprise 64-bit edition, Windows Server 2008 Standard, Windows Server 2008 Enterprise, Windows Server 2008 Standard without Hyper-V, Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems, Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????(CTF) ?? ?? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????929826
?? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ??? ???????
 

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