??? 802. X-?????? ??????? ?? ??? Windows Vista ???, Windows Server 2008 ???, ?? Windows XP ?????? ??? 3 ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????

???? ?????? ???? ??????
???? ID: 929847 - ?? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??.
??? ?? ??????? ???? | ??? ?? ??????? ????

?????

This article discusses how to enable computer-only authentication for an 802.1X-based network in Windows Vista, in Windows Server 2008, and in Windows XP Service Pack 3 (SP3).

???? ???????

???:Thenetsh wlancommand that is described in this article exists only in Windows Vista and in Windows Server 2008. Thenetsh lancommand exists only in Windows Vista, in Windows Server 2008, and in Windows XP Service Pack 3. These commands do not exist in any versions of Windows XP that are earlier than Windows XP Service Pack 3.???? ??????? ?? ???, Microsoft ?????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????? ????::
949984Windows XP ?????? ??? 3 ??? 802. X-?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????????
Windows Server 2003 ?? Windows XP ?? ??????? ?? Windows XP SP3 ?? ???? ????? ????????? ??????? ??? AuthMode ????????? ????????? ??? 802. X ???????? ?? ?????????? ??????? ???????? ????????:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\EAPOL\Parameters\General\Global
???????, AuthMode ????????? ????????? ????? Windows ???????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ??:
  • Windows Vista
  • Windows Server 2008
  • Windows XP SP3 wired ??????? (???????, ????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??.)
???:AuthMode ????????? ????????? ?? Windows XP SP3 ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ???????, AuthMode ????????? ????????? 802. X-?????? ??????? wired Windows XP SP3 ?? ??? ????? ???? ???

??? ??????? ???? ???????? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ?????? Windows XP-?????? ???????? ?? Windows Server 2003-?????? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ??, ?? ???????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? Windows Vista-?????? ???????? ?? Windows Server 2008-?????? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ??? ???? Windows Vista ?? ???, Windows Server 2008 ?? ???, ?? ??????? wired Windows XP SP3 ?? ???, ?? 802. X ??????? ????????? ??????? ???? ?????

??? 802.X-?????? ??????? ?? ??? Windows Vista ??? ?? Windows Server 2008 ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???, ?? Windows XP SP3 ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
  1. ????????? ??????

    ????? ????????????, ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ???? ?? ?? ????? ?????
    • ?????? ??????? ??????? (?? Windows Vista ?? Windows Server 2008 ??)

      ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? 802. X-?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
      1. ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ????.
      2. ?? ????????????????? ????,??????? ??????? ???????? ????.
      3. ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????-????? ???????.

        ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
        ?????????? ???? ???????? ??????
        ??? ???? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?? ??? ????? ????, ???? ??????? ???? ????, ?? ????? ???????? ????.
      4. ????? ?????????????? ??, ?? ?? ?????, ?? ???? ??? ???????? ????????? ????OK.
    • (Windows XP SP3) ?? ?????? ??????? ???????
      1. ???? ???? ?? ?? Windows XP SP3 ??? ?? 802. X-?????? ??????? ????????? ?????, ?????? ?????????????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ????: ????????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
        1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:services.msc?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???OK.
        2. ???????????? ??????????????????, ???? ?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ????? ???????.
        3. ????????? ?????? ?? ?????????:????? ????,???? ????, ?? ???? ??? ????????????.
        4. ????? ????,OK???? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????????????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ..
      2. ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? 802. X-?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
        1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,?????????? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ?????????? ???????.
        2. ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????, ?? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????-????? ???????.
        3. ????? ?????????????? ??, ?? ?? ?????, ?? ???? ??? ???????? ????????? ????OK.
    • ??????? ??????? ??????? (?? Windows Vista ?? Windows Server 2008 ??)

      ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? 802. X-?????? ??????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
      1. ??????? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ????.
      2. ?? ????????????????? ????,??????? ??????? ???????? ????.
      3. ????? ????,add. ??????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???? ???
      4. ??? ??????? ??????? ????????? ????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ????????? ?? ???? ?????
    • (Windows XP SP3) ?? ??????? ??????? ???????

      Windows XP SP3 ??????? ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ???? ???? ????? ??????? XP SP3 ?? ??? AuthMode ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ???? ??? ??? ??? "(Windows XPSP3 ??????? ???????) ?? Authmode" ??? ??????
  2. ??????? ????????? ??????? ???? XML ???? ??? ??????? ????? To do this, follow these steps, as appropriate for the operating system that you are running.

    Profile export (on Windows Vista, on Windows Server 2008, and on Windows XP SP3 (Wired connections))

    ???:Windows XP SP3 and earlier versions of Windows XP do not support thenetsh wlancommand interface. For Windows XP SP3 wireless connections, continue to set AuthMode for wireless Windows XP SP3. See the "Authmode (on Windows XP SP3 (Wireless connections))" section later in this article for more information.
    1. ????? ????,???????
      ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
      ??????? ???
      ??????:cmd???????? ??????? ????????? ???, ????-????? ????cmd???????????????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? ????? ????, ?? ???? ????????????? ?? ??? ??? ?????.

      ?? ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ????
      ?????????? ???? ???????? ??????
      If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type your password, or click???? ????.
    2. At the command prompt, type one of the following lines, depending on whether you are using a wired or a wireless network connection, and then press ENTER.
      • If you are using a wired network connection, type the following line:
        netsh lan export profile folder=c:\
      • If you are using a wireless network connection (This command is not valid for Windows XP SP3), type the following line:
        netsh wlan export profile folder=c:\
  3. Set the Authmode.

    Modify the network profile in the XML file to specify computer-only authentication, as appropriate for the operating system that you are running.

    Authmode (on Windows Vista, on Windows Server 2008, and on Windows XP SP3 (Wired connections))

    ???:Windows XP SP3 and earlier versions of Windows XP do not support thenetsh wlancommand interface. For Windows XP SP3 wireless connections, continue to set AuthMode for wireless Windows XP SP3. See the "Authmode (on Windows XP SP3 (Wireless connections))" section later in this article.

    ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????? ?? ???? ????::
    1. Start Notepad, and then open the XML file.
    2. In the XML file, locate the section that contains the OneX settings. The following is an example of this section:
      OneX xmlns="http://www.microsoft.com/networking/OneX/v1">
      
                                    <cacheUserData>false</cacheUserData>
      
                                    <authMode>machineOrUser</authMode>
      
                                     <EAPConfig>...</EAPConfig>
      
                      </OneX>
      
    3. Modify the <authmode> line as follows:</authmode>
      <authMode>machine</authMode>
      The following is an example of the section that contains the OneX settings after it is modified:
      OneX xmlns="http://www.microsoft.com/networking/OneX/v1">
      
                                    <cacheUserData>false</cacheUserData>
      
                                    <authMode>machine</authMode>
      
                                     <EAPConfig>...</EAPConfig>
      
                      </OneX>
      
    4. Save, and then close the XML file.

      The authMode (OneX) element specifies the kind of credentials that are used for authentication. The following table describes the values that the authMode (OneX) element uses.
      ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
      Value:?????:
      machineOrUserUse computer-only credentials or user-only credentials. When a user is logged on, the user's credentials are used for authentication. When no user is logged on, computer-only credentials are used for authentication.
      machineUse computer-only credentials.
      ??????????Use user-only credentials.
      guestUse guest-only credentials.
      For more information about the authMode (OneX) element, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
      http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms706279.aspx
    Authmode (on Windows XP SP3 (Wireless connections))

    Windows XP SP3 ??????? ??????? ?? ??? AuthMode ????????? ????????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????:
    1. ????? ????,???????????? ????,???????????:regedit?? ????-????? ????, ?? ???? ???OK.
    2. ????????? ?????? ???, ?? ?????? ?????, ?? ???? ??? ????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????? ????:
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\EAPOL\Parameters\General\Global
    3. ???-????? ????AuthMode, ?????????? ??? ??? ?????Value:????? ???, ?? ???? ???OK.
    4. ????????? ?????? ?? ???? ????..
    5. ???????? ?? ???????? ????..
    AuthMode ????????? ????????? ?? ???? Windows XP SP3 ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????? AuthMode ????????? ????????? ?? ???????? ??? ?? ??? authentications ??? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???
    ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????
    Value:?????????? ???
    0???????? Windows XP ??????? ?? ????? ????
    1?? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ?????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????
    2??????? ???? ???????? ????????? ????
  4. ??????? ????????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ???, ????? ????????? ??, ?? ???? ?? ?? ???? ??????? ????????? ??? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ?? ????? ????????? ????? ???, ENTER ??????

    ????????? ?????? (Windows Vista ??, Windows Server 2008 ??, ?? Windows XP SP3 (?????? ????) ??)
    • ??? ??????? ????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ??, ?? ????? ?????? ?????:
      netsh ??????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?? ??? =PathofXMLFile
    • If the network profile is for a wireless network connection, type the following line:
      netsh wlan add profile filename=PathOfXMLFile
For more information about new networking features in Windows Server 2008 and in Windows Vista, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
HTTP://TechNet.Microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb726965.aspx

???

???? ID: 929847 - ????? ???????: 06 ?????? 2010 - ??????: 2.0
???? ???? ???? ??:
  • Windows Vista Ultimate
  • Windows Vista Enterprise
  • Windows Vista Business
  • Windows Vista Home Basic
  • Windows Vista Home Premium
  • Windows Vista Starter
  • Windows Vista Ultimate 64-bit Edition
  • Windows Vista Enterprise 64-bit Edition
  • Windows Vista Business 64-bit Edition
  • Windows Vista Home Premium 64-bit Edition
  • Windows Vista Home Basic 64-bit Edition
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Web Server 2008
  • Microsoft Windows XP Service Pack 3
??????: 
kbnetwork kbinfo kbhowto kbexpertiseinter kbmt KB929847 KbMthi
???? ?????? ????????
??????????: ?? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?? Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ??? ??. Microsoft ???? ??? ????-???????? ?? ????-???????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??. ???????, ????-???????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???? ???. ?????, ????????, ?????-???? ?? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ???, ???? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??. Microsoft ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????????? ???? ??. Microsoft ????-?????? ?????????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ??.
?????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??:929847

??????????? ???

 

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