#VALUE! Error When Concatenating Cells

Article translations Article translations
Article ID: 94202 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q94202
Expand all | Collapse all

On This Page

SYMPTOMS

In Microsoft Excel, when you concatenate cells, you receive a #VALUE! error if the Transition Formula Evaluation (TFE) option in version 5.0 or the Alternate Expression Evaluation (AEE) option in version 4.0 is enabled and one of the concatenated cells is blank or contains a number.

This behavior also occurs with the INDIRECT function when you use concatenated cells. For example, the formula

=INDIRECT("A"&B1)

returns A6 if B1 has a value of six and TFE or AEE is not selected. The formula returns the #VALUE! error if TFE or AEE is selected.

WORKAROUND

To avoid receiving the #VALUE! error, do either of the following.

Disable the TFE or AEE option.

NOTE: Make a backup copy of your worksheet. (If you disable alternate expression evaluation, the values calculated on your worksheet may change. If you have a backup copy of your worksheet, you can compare the earlier version of your worksheet with the updated version and make sure that your calculations are correct.)

Microsoft Excel 98 Macintosh Edition

To disable the TFE or AEE option, follow these steps:
  1. On the Tools Menu, click Preferences and click the Transition tab.
  2. Under Sheet Options, clear the Transition Formula Evaluation check
box and click OK.

Microsoft Excel Version 5.0

To disable the TFE or AEE option, follow these steps:
  1. On the Tools menu, click Options and click the Transition tab.
  2. Under Sheet Options, clear the Transition Formula Evaluation check box and click OK.

Microsoft Excel Version 4.0

To disable the TFE or AEE option, follow these steps:
  1. On the Options menu, click Calculation.
  2. Under Sheet Options, clear the Alternate Expression Evaluation check box and click OK.
-OR-

Use the TEXT Function

To concatenate cells while TFE or AEE is enabled, use the TEXT function in any concatenation formulas with cells that contain numeric values or are blank, as in the following example:

=A1&TEXT(A2,IF(A2="","","0"))

The above formula combines the contents of cell A1 with the contents of cell A2, and uses the TEXT function to ensure that the contents of cell A2 are interpreted as text. The IF statement ensures that the cell is formatted correctly based on whether cell A2 is blank or contains a number.

MORE INFORMATION

If Transition Formula Evaluation or Alternate Expression Evaluation is selected, the worksheet is calculated based on the Lotus 1-2-3 rules for evaluating expressions instead of the Microsoft Excel rules. This option is automatically selected when you open a Lotus 1-2-3 worksheet in Microsoft Excel.

REFERENCES

"User's Guide 1," version 4.0, page 57

"User's Guide 2," version 4.0, page 237

"Function Reference," version 4.0, page 431

Properties

Article ID: 94202 - Last Review: August 15, 2005 - Revision: 1.3
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Excel 95 Standard Edition
  • Microsoft Excel 98 for Macintosh
Keywords: 
kbprb KB94202
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

Give Feedback

 

Contact us for more help

Contact us for more help
Connect with Answer Desk for expert help.
Get more support from smallbusiness.support.microsoft.com