??? ?? ???????? ????? ??????? (ARP) ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? Windows Vista TCP/IP

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 949589 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?????

???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ??????? (ARP) ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? Windows Vista TCP/IP.

??????? ????

??? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ARP ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista. ??????? ???? TCP/IP ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ???????? RFC4861 (???????? "?????? ??????" ?? IP ??????? 6 [Ipv6]) ??? ?? IPv4 ? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? IPv6.

????? ArpCacheLife ???????? ??????? ArpCacheMinReferencedLife ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ?????? ARP ?? ???? ??????? Windows XP ??? Windows Server 2003. ?? ???? ??????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Vista.

?? Windows Vista TCP/IP ???? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??? ???? ????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????. ????? ????? ??????? ?????? ARP ?? IPv4 ???? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??????. ??? ????? ??????? ????? ?? ???? ?????? ??????, ?? ????? ??????? ??? ???? "Reachable" ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????. ??? ??? ??????? ?? ???? "Reachable" ? ????? TCP/IP ?? Windows Vista ?? ??? ?????? ARP ????? ???? ???????. ?????? ????? TCP/IP ?? Windows Vista ?????? ????????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????. ?? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ?? ???? "Reachable" ????? ???? ?? ?????? "????? ????? ??????" ????? ??????? ??? ???? "?????". ??? ??? ??? ????????? ?? ?????? "?????" ? ??? ?? ???? ?????? TCP/IP ?? Windows Vista ??? ARP ?????? ??? ??? ??????.

??? ???? ?????? "????? ????? ??????" ??? ???:
??? ?????? ??? ??? BaseReachable × (???? ?????? ??? MIN_RANDOM_FACTOR MAX_RANDOM_FACTOR) =
???? RFC ??????? ???????? ???????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
??? BaseReachable30,000 ???? ????? (ms)
min_random_factor0.5
max_random_factor1.5
????????? ???? "??? ????? ??????" ???? ?? ??? 15 ????? (30 × 0.5 ?????) ? 45 ????? (30 × 1.5 ?????). ??? ?? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??? 15 ??? 45 ????? ????? ??? ???? "?????". ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ARP ?? IPV4 ??? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? IP ??? ??? ??????.

??????? ?????? ??????? "????? ????? ??????" ? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ???? ??? ???? ? ???? cmd ?? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? cmd ?? ????? ???????.
  2. ??? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????.
  3. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ??????:
    ????? ipv4 ????? netsh ????????
    ????? ??????:
    Idx  Met   MTU   State        Name
    ---  ---  -----  -----------  -------------------
      1   50 4294967295  connected    Loopback Pseudo-Interface 1
      9   20   1500  connected    Local Area Connection
    
  4. ?? ?????? 2 Idx "Local Area Connection" ?? 9. ????? ????? ????? ????? 9 ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    ????? ipv4 ????? netsh ??????? 9
    ????? ??????:
    Interface Local Area Connection Parameters
    ----------------------------------------------
    IfLuid                             : ethernet_7
    IfIndex                            : 9
    Compartment Id                     : 1
    State                              : connected
    Metric                             : 20
    Link MTU                           : 1500 bytes
    Reachable Time                     : 19000 ms Base Reachable Time : 30000 ms Retransmission Interval : 1000 ms
    				DAD Transmits : 3 Site Prefix Length : 64 Site Id : 1 Forwarding : disabled
    				Advertising : disabled Neighbor Discovery : enabled Neighbor Unreachability
    				Detecion : enabled Router Discovery : dhcp Managed Address Configuration :
    				enabled Other Stateful Configuration : enabled Weak Host Sends : disabled Weak
    				Host Receives : disabled Use Automatic Metric : enabled Ignore Default routes :
    				disabled 
  5. ????? ????? ???? "BaseReachable ???????" ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    ipv4 ????? netsh ????? basereachable ????? 9 = 60000
  6. ??????? ??????? ?????? 4 ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    ????? ipv4 ????? netsh ??????? 9
    Example result:
    Interface Local Area Connection Parameters
    ----------------------------------------------
    IfLuid                             : ethernet_7
    IfIndex                            : 9
    Compartment Id                     : 1
    State                              : connected
    Metric                             : 20
    Link MTU                           : 1500 bytes
    Reachable Time                     : 61500 ms
    Base Reachable Time                : 60000 ms Retransmission Interval : 1000 ms DAD Transmits : 3 Site Prefix
    				Length : 64 Site Id : 1 Forwarding : disabled Advertising : disabled Neighbor
    				Discovery : enabled Neighbor Unreachability Detecion : enabled Router Discovery
    				: dhcp Managed Address Configuration : enabled Other Stateful Configuration :
    				enabled Weak Host Sends : disabled Weak Host Receives : disabled Use Automatic
    				Metric : enabled Ignore Default routes : disabled 
    Note The "Base Reachable Time" value has changed to 60000 ms.
  7. ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    ipv4 ????? netsh ????? neighborcachelimit ??????? = 4096
    ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ????????? ?? 256.
????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????? ??????:
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2461.txt
????? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ??????? TCP/IP ?? Windows Vista ?? Windows Server 2008 ?????? ???? ????? ??????:
http://download.microsoft.com/download/c/2/6/c26893a6-46c7-4b5c-b287-830216597340/TCPIP_Reg.doc
?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ?? Microsoft. ?? ???? Microsoft ?? ???? ? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? "?? ??? ???????? ?? ?????.

???? Microsoft ??????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??????. ?? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?????. ??? ???? Microsoft ??? ??? ????????? ???? ???????.

???????

???? ???????: 949589 - ????? ??? ??????: 06/???/1431 - ??????: 4.0
????? ???
  • Windows Vista Business
  • Windows Vista Enterprise
  • Windows Vista Home Basic
  • Windows Vista Home Premium
  • Windows Vista Ultimate
  • Windows Vista Business 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Enterprise 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Home Basic 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Home Premium 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Ultimate 64-bit edition
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
  • Windows 7 Enterprise
  • Windows 7 Professional N
  • Windows 7 Ultimate
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbexpertiseinter kbinfo KB949589 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????949589

????? ???????

 

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