????? ??????? NTFS ?????????? Access ???? ???? ????? (DACL) ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ??? ?????????

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 949608 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

????? ???

?? Windows Vista ?? ???? ????????? ????? NTFS ?????? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ????? (Dacl) ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?????. ???? ???????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????????. ?? ??? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? C:\Users\Denise\Pictures ????? ?? ???? ?????. A ???? ???????? ?? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ?????? ?????. D:\Pictures ?? ???? ????? ???? ???? ???????.

????? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ??? ????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?? ??? ???? ????? (???? ??????? D). ??? ????? ????? ???? ??????????????. ??????? ??? Denise? ????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????????. ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????????????????? ?? ?????????????? ????. ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ?????????????????. ??? ??? ??????? Windows XP DACL ??????? ??? ?????? ?????????????????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?? ????? ?? ???? ?????????????????. ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ?????. ??? ???? DACL ?????????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista. ????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ????? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????????????? ?????.

??? DACL ??????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??????. ???????? ??? ???? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????? ???? ???. ??? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ????????? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ????????. ??????? ?????? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ??? ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ??? ????. ??? ??????? ???? "??? ???????" ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ?? ?????????? ?????????. ??? ????? ??????? Windows Vista DACL ????? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ???????:
  • ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ????? Windows.
  • ????? ???? ??????? ???????? Windows XP DACL ????????? ???????.

??????? ????

??????? ??????

?? ????? ????? ??? ??????? Convert.exe ? Format.exe ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? DACL. ??? ???? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP DACL ???????? ??? ??????? Windows Vista DACL. ?????? ????? Windows XP DACL ????? ?????? Windows Vista DACL? ??? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? Cacls.exe ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? Windows ??????? ???? ??????? XP DACL ??? ???? ????? ???????? D:\ ??? ??????? Windows Vista DACL:

Cacls D:\/s:D: (? ????; GA;;BA) (A ????; GA;;SY) (A; ????;?????????;;AU) (A; ????;?????;;??)

??????? DACL ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista

?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? (ACE).

?????????? ????? ????? ???? ??????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???????????
CI??? ???????. ???? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????.
??]??? ??????. ???? ????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????.
?????/???????? ???. ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???????.
???????? ??? ???????.
?????? Windows XP% systemroot% ????????? ??????? DACL ???? ???????

???? ??? ????????? ??????? DACL ???? ???????% systemroot% ?????? ??? ??? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows XP.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???????? ?? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ???? ??????
BUILTIN\Administrators???? ???? ??????(OI)(CI)
NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM???? ???? ??????(OI)(CI)
???? ?????????? ??????(OI)(CI)(IO)
BUILTIN\Users???????(OI)(CI)
BUILTIN\Users???? ???: FILE_APPEND_DATA(CI)
BUILTIN\Users ???? ???: FILE_WRITE_DATA(CI)(IO)
?????????????
??????? DACL ???? ????? ???????? ???? ??????? Windows Vista

???? ??? ??????? Windows Vista DACL ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?????? Format.exe.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???????? ?? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ???? ??????
BUILTIN\Administrators?????? ??????
BUILTIN\Administrators???? ???? ??????(OI)(CI)(IO)
NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM?????? ??????
NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM???? ???? ??????(OI)(CI)(IO)
?????????? AUTHORITY\Authenticated NT?????
NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated ???????????????(OI)(CI)(IO)
BUILTIN\Users??????? ????????
BUILTIN\Users????? ???? ??? ?????(OI)(CI)(IO)
Windows Vista% systemroot% DACL ??????? ??????
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
???????? ?? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ???? ??????
BUILTIN\Administrators?????? ??????
BUILTIN\Administrators???? ???? ??????(OI)(CI)(IO)
NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM?????? ??????
NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM???? ???? ??????(OI)(CI)(IO)
BUILTIN\Users??????? ????????(OI)(CI)
NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated ???????????????(OI)(CI)(IO)
?????????? AUTHORITY\Authenticated NT????? ??????
????? ??????? Label\High ???????? ???????(OI)(IO)(NP)

????? ????? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ??????

?? ??? ???????, ?? ?? ???? ?? ????? ACLs ?????? ????? ????????. ????? ????????? ???? ?? ?? ????? ??? ????? ACLs ???? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ???:
  • ??? ??? ???? ??????? ???????? ????? ???? ??? ?????? ?? BUILTIN\Users ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ??????.
  • ??? ??? ???? ?????? ?? ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????????.

    ?????? ?? ??? ?????????? ????? ACLs ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Vista.
?????? Windows ??????? ????? ????? (WAIK) ????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?????. ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ????? ?? "???? ??????? ? Microsoft". ?????? ????? ??????? WAIK ????? ?????? ???? Windows ?????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? WAIK? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????:
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=c7d4bc6d-15f3-4284-9123-679830d629f2&DisplayLang=en
?????? ??????? ???? ????? ????????? ???? ??? ??????? ???????.
  1. ????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? Windows ????? (WIM). ??? ???? ??????? ????? ???? C:\VistaRTM\WIM.
  2. ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ????? ???? ??????. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ???? C:\VistaRTM\OS.
  3. ???? ??? Install.wim ????? ??????? ??? WIM ??????? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ?? ?????? 1. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ??? Install.wim ?? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ???????:
    ??? e:\sources\install.wim c:\VistaRTM\WIM\install.wim
  4. ??? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ????? WAIK ????? ??? ?????? C:\VistaRTM\Driver. ?????? ????? ???? ??????? ???????:
    1. ???? ??? ??? ?????
      ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
      ???? "????"
      ? ??? cmd ?? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? cmd.exe ?? ??????? ?????? ? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????.
      ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
      ?????? ?? ???? ????????

					 ???
      ??? ?? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????.
    2. ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??????? ???????. ???? ??????? ENTER ??? ?? ???.

      c:\VistaRTM\Driver\????? ???????
      wimfltr.sys
  5. ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ???? (wim.). ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    Imagex.exe mountrw/c:\VistaRTM\WIM\install.C:\VistaRTM\OS WIM 1
    ?????? "1" ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ????? Install.wim. ??? ????? ??? ????? Install.wim ??? ??????? Windows ??????? ??? ???? ??????? ????? imagex/info install.wim ???? ???? ??????? Windows ?? ????? (install.wim). ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????? Windows ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ????? mountrw/ .

    ????? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? ImageX ? ??? ??? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/windowsvista/aa905070.aspx
  6. ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? WIM. ?????? ????? ???? ??? ???????.

    ??? ??? ?????? ?? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ??????? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ????. ?????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??????. ??????? ????????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ??????. ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ????? ??. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ????? Microsoft:
    322756 ????? ??? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows
    1. ???? ??? ??? ?????
      ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
      ???? "????"
      ? ??? regedit ?? ??? ????? ????? ? ?? ???? ??? regedit ?? ????????????.
      ?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
      ????????

					 ?????? ??? "??????"
      ??? ?? ??????? ???? ????????? ???? ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ??????.
    2. ??? ???? ?? "???? ???????"? ??? ?? ???? ??? HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ??? ???????.
    3. ?? ????? ???? ???? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ???? ??????? Windows Vista? ?? ???? ??? ???. ??? ???? ??????? ??? C:\VistaRTM\OS\Windows\System32\config\SYSTEM ????.
    4. ??? TEMP_HKLM ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    5. ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????.
      HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\TEMP_HKLM\Setup
    6. ??? ????? ? ??? ??? ????? ?? ???? ??? ???? DWORD.
    7. ??? DDACLSys_Disabled? ??? ?? ???? ??? ENTER.
    8. ???? ????? ?????? DDACLSys_Disabled? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
    9. ?? ?????? ?????? ? ???? 1? ?? ???? ??? ?????.
  7. ??? ????? ??????? ??? ??????. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    imagex.exe/UnMount commit/c:\VistaRTM\OS
  8. ??????? ????? Install.wim ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    ??? C:\VistaRTM\OS\install.wim E:\sources\install.wim

??? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? DACL

????? ????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????

?????? ?? ???? ????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ???? ????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ??? ????:
cacls D:P(A;;0x1301bf;;SY) (A; ???????; GA;;SY) (A; 0x1301bf;;BA) (A; ???????; GA;;BA) (A ????; 0X1200A9;;??)

????? ?????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??????

?????? ?? ?????????? ????????? ????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
cacls D:P(A;;0x1301bf;;SY) (A; ???????; GA;;SY) (A; 0x1301bf;;BA) (A; ???????; GA;;BA) (A ????; 0X1200A9;;??) (???LC?????) (A; ???????; GA;;CO)

??? ??? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ????

?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ??????? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????:
  1. ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ???? ?????? (SID) ???????? ???? ?? ????? ????? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????? SID? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    whoami/????
  2. ??????? ???? ??? ??????? Cacls.exe ?????? ??????? ????. ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    Cacls ?????? D:PAI(A;OICI;GA;;; S:SID) (A ????; GA;;SY) (A ????; GA;;BA)
    ???????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????. SID???? ???? ?????? ????? ?????????.
??????? ????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ????????????????????. ???? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? D:\.
  • ?????? ???? ????? ???? D:\PersonalSecureFolder? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    icacls.exe ????????????????????
    ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????:
    BUILTIN\Administrators:(I)(F)
    BUILTIN\Administrators:(I)(OI)(CI)(IO)(F)
    NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(I)(F)
    NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(I)(OI)(CI)(IO)(F)
    NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users:(I)(M)
    NT AUTHORITY\Authenticated Users:(I)(OI)(CI)(IO)(M)
    
  • ?????? ????? cacls.exe ?? ?????? D:\PersonalSecureFolder ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    cacls D:PAI(A;OICI;GA;;;/s: D:\PersonalSecureFolder S-1-5-21-2840286564-3180458239-1922922813-1001) (A ????; GA;;SY) (A ????; GA;;BA)
  • ?????? DACL NTFS ???? ?????? D:\PersonalSecureFolder? ???? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????:
    icacls.exe D:\PersonalSecureFolder
    ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????:
    HomePC\Denise:(F)
    HomePC\Denise:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F)
    NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(F)
    NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F)
    BUILTIN\Administrators:(F)
    BUILTIN\Administrators:(OI)(CI)(IO)(F)
    

???????

???? ???????: 949608 - ????? ??? ??????: 07/?????/1433 - ??????: 3.0
????? ???
  • Windows Vista Business
  • Windows Vista Enterprise
  • Windows Vista Home Basic
  • Windows Vista Home Premium
  • Windows Vista Ultimate
  • Windows Vista Business 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Enterprise 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Home Basic 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Home Premium 64-bit edition
  • Windows Vista Ultimate 64-bit edition
????? ??????: 
kbexpertiseinter kbinfo kbmt KB949608 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????949608

????? ???????

 

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