??? ???? "? ??????" ????????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? IPsec ?? ?????? ????? ???? ?????? 1 ?? Windows Server 2008 ??? Windows 7

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 949856 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ??? Windows Vista Service Pack 1 (SP1) ?? 12 ?????. ????????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ??????? Windows? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ???????? ???? ?????? service Pack 2 (SP2). ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ???? Microsoft ??? ?????: ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows.
????? ???? | ?? ????

?? ??? ??????

????? ???

???? ??? ??????? ??? ????????? ????? Suite B ???? ??? ??????? ?? Windows Vista Service Pack 1 (SP1) ??? Windows Server 2008. Suite B ?? ?????? ????????? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????? (??????).

??? ??????? ?????? ? ????? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????. ?? ????? ????? ??? ????????? Suite B ???????? ???????:
  • ????? ???????
  • ????? ??????
  • ??????? ????????
???? ??? ??????? ???? "???????? ??????" ?????? (IPsec) ????? ????? ???? ?????? ????????? Suite B.

??????? ????

???? ?????

???? Suite B ????? ?? ???:
  • ??? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? IPsec ???????? ????????? Suite B ??? ?? Windows Vista Service Pack 1 (SP1) ?? Windows Server 2008 ?? ?? ????? ???? ?? Windows.
  • ??? ?????? ????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ????????? Suite B ??? "Windows ???? ????? ?? ?????? ???????" ???? ?????? ???????? ? Microsoft (MMC) ?????? ???????? ? Windows 7 ?????????? ??????? ?? Windows.
  • ?? ??? ??? ????? Netsh advfirewall ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? Suite B. ????? ??? ??? ??? Windows Vista SP1.

???????

  • Suite B

    Suite B ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?????? (NSA). ???? ?????? ? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ????????? ??????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ????? ???????? ???????. ????? ?????? ? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????????:
    • ?????
    • ???????
    • ????? ????????
    • ??????? ??????
  • ?????? ?????? ????????? ????????? (FIPS)

    FIPS ?? ?????? ?? ??????? ????????? ????????? ???? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????????. ???? ???? ??????????? Suite B ???????? FIPS.

    ????? ?? ?????????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??????:
    http://www.itl.nist.gov/fipspubs/geninfo.htm
  • NIST

    ??? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????????.
  • ????????? ????? ????????

    ??????? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ?? ??? ????? ????????? ????? ????????.
  • ????????? ????? ????????

    ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????. ??? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ???.

    ??? ???? ??????? ????????? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ????. ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ??????. ?? ???????? ?????? "?????" ?????? ???????. ??? ??????? ???? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????.
  • IPsec

    ??? ?????? ?????? "??? ???????? ????????".

    ????? ?? ????????? ??? IPsec? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/network/bb531150.aspx
  • ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? (ECDSA)

    ??????? ???????? (EC) ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ?????????. ???? ?????? EC ????? ???????? ???? ???? ????? ??????.

    ??? ??? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????? FIPS 186 2. ???? ??? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??????:
    http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/archive/fips186-2/fips186-2.pdf
  • ?????? ?????? (CA)

    ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ???????. ??????? IPsec ??? ???????? ?????? ??????.
  • ??? ???????? (AH)

    ??? ???????? ?? ???????? IPsec ???? ???? ???????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ??????. ???? ????? ??? IP ?????? ????????.

    ???? AH ??????. ???? ???? ?? ? ?? ???? ?????? ????????. ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ???? unwriteable.
  • ????? ????? ?????? (ESP)

    ESP ?? ???????? IPsec ???? ?????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?? ????. ????? ??????? ESP ?????? ?? ????????? ???? ??? ??? ?? AH.

????????? ????? ???????

?? Windows Vista SP1 ? Windows Server 2008? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Vista:
  • SHA-256
  • SHA 384
?????? ?? ??? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ????????? ???????.

????????? ????? ??????

?? Windows Vista SP1 ? Windows Server 2008? ??? ??? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Vista.

????? (AH ?? ESP)

  • SHA-256
  • 128-GMAC-??????? ????????? ?????????
  • 192-GMAC-??????? ????????? ?????????
  • AES GMAC 256

??????? ???????? (ESP ???)

  • ??????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? 128
  • ??????? ????????? ????????? ????? ??????? ?????? 192
  • 256 AES ????? ??????? ?????
????? ?? ????????? ??? ??????? AH ? ESP ???????? ???? ????????? ???? "????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????" ??????.

???? ????? ??????

  • ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??? ?? AH ? ESP.
  • ????? ????????? AES GMAC ???????? ????? ????? ??? ????? null. ?????? ??? ?? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??????????? ?????? ESP? ?? ???? ????? ???????? ???????.
  • ??? ??? ?????? ???????? AES-????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ?????????? ? ESP ??????? ????????.

????????

?? Windows Vista SP1 ? Windows Server 2008? ??? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ???? ??????? Windows Vista.
  • ????? ????????? ?? ????? ECDSA P256
  • ????? ????????? ?? ????? ECDSA P384
?????? ?? ????? ???????? ????????? ????? ??????? Windows Vista ???????? RSA SecurId.

???? ?????? ??????

??? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ??????? ????? Netsh advfirewall ?????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????. ??? ???? ??? ????? ????? ??????? Netsh advfirewall .

????? ????? ???? ???????

Netsh advfirewall
Usage: add rule name=<string>
      endpoint1=any|localsubnet|dns|dhcp|wins|defaultgateway|
         <IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>|<subnet>|<range>|<list>
      endpoint2=any|localsubnet|dns|dhcp|wins|defaultgateway|
         <IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>|<subnet>|<range>|<list>
      action=requireinrequestout|requestinrequestout|
         requireinrequireout|noauthentication
      [description=<string>]
      [mode=transport|tunnel (default=transport)]
      [enable=yes|no (default=yes)]
      [profile=public|private|domain|any[,...] (default=any)]
      [type=dynamic|static (default=static)]
      [localtunnelendpoint=<IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>]
      [remotetunnelendpoint=<IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>]
      [port1=0-65535|any (default=any)]
      [port2=0-65535|any (default=any)]
      [protocol=0-255|tcp|udp|icmpv4|icmpv6|any (default=any)]
      [interfacetype=wiresless|lan|ras|any (default=any)]
      [auth1=computerkerb|computercert|computercertecdsap256|computercertecdsap384|computerpsk|
         computerntlm|anonymous[,...]]
      [auth1psk=<string>]
      [auth1ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] [excludecaname:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth1healthcert=yes|no (default=no)]
      [auth1ecdsap256ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] [excludecaname:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth1ecdsap256healthcert=yes|no (default=no)]
      [auth1ecdsap384ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] [excludecaname:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth1ecdsap384healthcert=yes|no (default=no)]
      [auth2=computercert| computercertecdsap256|computercertecdsap384|userkerb|usercert| usercertecdsap256|usercertecdsap384|userntlm|anonymous[,...]]
      [auth2ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth2ecdsap256ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth2ecdsap384ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] ..."]
      [qmpfs=dhgroup1|dhgroup2|dhgroup14|ecdhp256|ecdhp384|mainmode|
         none (default=none)]
      [qmsecmethods=
         ah:<integrity>+esp:<integrity>-<encryption>+[valuemin]+[valuekb]
         |default]
        
Remarks:

      - The rule name should be unique, and it cannot be "all."
      - When mode=tunnel, both tunnel endpoints must be specified and must be
        the same IP version. Also, the action must be requireinrequireout.
      - At least one authentication must be specified.
      - Auth1 and auth2 can be comma-separated lists of options.
      - The "computerpsk" and "computerntlm" methods cannot be specified together
        for auth1.
      - Computercert cannot be specified with user credentials for auth2.
     - Certsigning options ecdsap256 and ecdsap384 are supported only on Windows Vista SP1 and on later versions of Windows Vista.
      - Qmsecmethods can be a list of proposals separated by a comma (,).
      - For qmsecmethods, integrity=md5|sha1|sha256| aesgmac128|aesgmac192|aesgmac256|aesgcm128|aesgcm192|aesgcm256 and
        encryption=3des|des|aes128|aes192|aes256|aesgcm128|aesgcm192|aesgcm256.
      - If aesgcm128, aesgcm192, or aesgcm256 is specified, it must be used for both ESP integrity and encryption.  
     -  sha-256, aesgmac128, aesgmac192, aesgmac256, aesgcm128, aesgcm192, aesgcm256 are supported only on Windows Vista SP1 and on later versions of Windows Vista. 
      - Qmpfs=mainmode uses the main mode key exchange setting for PFS.
      - We recommend that you do not use DES, MD5, or DHGroup1. These
        cryptographic algorithms are provided for backward compatibility
        only.
      - The default value for certmapping and for excludecaname is "no."
      - The quotation mark (") characters in the CA name must be replaced with a backslash character followed by a single quotation mark (\').
???? 1
?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? Netsh advfirewall :
Netsh advfirewall ?????? ????? ??? ????? = test1 endpoint1 = endpoint2 ?? = ?? ????? ??? ?????????????????? = = "????? ????????? ECDSA256 ? AESGMAC256" auth1 = ????????????? computercertecdsap256 auth1ca = "C = ???????? ???????? ?? MSFT? CN = =' \ 'Microsoft ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? Authority\ ?????'"auth1healthcert = ?? auth1ecdsap256ca ="C = ???????? ???????? ?? MSFT? CN = = '\' Microsoft ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? Authority\ ????? '" auth1ecdsap256healthcert = ??? ??????????? = ??: aesgmac256 + esp:aesgmac256-???
???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?????:
  • ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????? ????? RSA ???????.
  • ????? ???????? ??????? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ECDSA256 ?????? ???????.
????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? AH ? ESP ?? ???????? 256 AES GMAC ?????. ?? ????? ??????? ???????.
???? 2
?? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????? Netsh advfirewall :
Netsh advfirewall ?????? ????? ??? ??????? = test2 endpoint1 = ?? endpoint2 = ?? ????? ??? ?????????????????? = = auth1 "??????? 256 SHA ???????" ? AES192 ?????? = auth1ca ???????????? = "C = ???????? ???????? ?? MSFT? CN = =' \ 'Microsoft ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? Authority\ ?????'" auth1healthcert = ??????????? ?? = ??: sha256 + esp:sha256-aes192
???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????. ?? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? RSA ???????.

????? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????? AH ? ESP ?? SHA256 ??????? ? AES192 ???????.

????? ????? ???? ????? ??????

Netsh advfirewall
Usage: set rule
      group=<string> | name=<string>
      [type=dynamic|static]
      [profile=public|private|domain|any[,...] (default=any)]
      [endpoint1=any|localsubnet|dns|dhcp|wins|defaultgateway|
         <IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>|<subnet>|<range>|<list>]
      [endpoint2=any|localsubnet|dns|dhcp|wins|defaultgateway|
         <IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>|<subnet>|<range>|<list>]
      [port1=0-65535|any]
      [port2=0-65535|any]
      [protocol=0-255|tcp|udp|icmpv4|icmpv6|any]
      new
      [name=<string>]
      [profile=public|private|domain|any[,...]]
      [description=<string>]
      [mode=transport|tunnel]
      [endpoint1=any|localsubnet|dns|dhcp|wins|defaultgateway|
         <IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>|<subnet>|<range>|<list>]
      [endpoint2=any|localsubnet|dns|dhcp|wins|defaultgateway|
         <IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>|<subnet>|<range>|<list>]
      [action=requireinrequestout|requestinrequestout|
         requireinrequireout|noauthentication]
      [enable=yes|no]
      [type=dynamic|static]
      [localtunnelendpoint=<IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>]
      [remotetunnelendpoint=<IPv4 address>|<IPv6 address>]
      [port1=0-65535|any]
      [port2=0-65535|any]
      [protocol=0-255|tcp|udp|icmpv4|icmpv6|any]
      [interfacetype=wiresless|lan|ras|any]
     [auth1=computerkerb|computercert|computercertecdsap256|computercertecdsap384|computerpsk|
         computerntlm|anonymous[,...]]
      [auth1psk=<string>]
      [auth1ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] [excludecaname:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth1healthcert=yes|no (default=no)]
      [auth1ecdsap256ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] [excludecaname:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth1ecdsap256healthcert=yes|no (default=no)]
      [auth1ecdsap384ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] [excludecaname:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth1ecdsap384healthcert=yes|no (default=no)]
      [auth2=computercert| computercertecdsap256|computercertecdsap384|userkerb|usercert| usercertecdsap256|usercertecdsap384|userntlm|anonymous[,...]]
      [auth2ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth2ecdsap256ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] ..."]
      [auth2ecdsap384ca="<CA Name> [certmapping:yes|no] ..."]
      [qmsecmethods=
         ah:<integrity>+esp:<integrity>-<encryption>+[valuemin]+[valuekb]|
         default]


Remarks:

      - This sets a new parameter value on an identified rule. The command fails
        if the rule does not exist. To create a rule, use the "add" command.
      - Values after the new keyword are updated in the rule.  If there are
        no values, or if the "new" keyword is missing, no changes are made.
      - Only a group of rules can be enabled or disabled.
      - If multiple rules match the criteria, all matching rules are 
        updated.
      - The rule name should be unique, and it cannot be "all."
      - Auth1 and auth2 can be comma-separated lists of options.
      - The computerpsk and computerntlm methods cannot be specified together
        for auth1.
      - Computercert cannot be specified by using user credentials for auth2.
     - Certsigning options ecdsap256 and ecdsap384 are supported only on Windows Vista SP1 and on later versions of Windows Vista.  
      - Qmsecmethods can be a list of proposals that are separated by a comma (,).
      - For qmsecmethods, integrity=md5|sha1|sha256| aesgmac128|aesgmac192|aesgmac256|aesgcm128|aesgcm192|aesgcm256 and
        encryption=3des|des|aes128|aes192|aes256|aesgcm128| aesgcm192|aesgcm256
      - If aesgcm128 or aesgcm256 is specified, it must be used for both ESP integrity and for encryption.  
     -  Sha-256, aesgmac128, aesgmac192, aesgmac256, aesgcm128, aesgcm192, and aesgcm256 are supported only on Windows Vista SP1 and on later versions of Windows Vista.
      - If qmsemethods are set to "default," qmpfs will be set to "default" also.
      - Qmpfs=mainmode uses the main mode key exchange setting for PFS.
      - We recommend that you do not use DES, MD5, or DHGroup1. These
        cryptographic algorithms are provided for backward compatibility
        only.
      - The default value for "certmapping" and "excludecaname" is "no."
      - The quotation mark (") characters in the CA name must be replaced with a backslash character followed by a single quotation mark (\').
?????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? "?????? 1" ?? ?????? ??????:
??? ????? ????? Netsh advfirewall ?????? = ??????????? ?????? ???? = ??: aesgmac256 + esp:aesgcm256-aesgcm256
??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???????? 256 AES-????? ??????? ????? ?????? ?????? ESP ???????? 256 AES GMAC ?????? AH.

????? ??????? ????? ??????? ???????

?? ????????? ??????? ????? Netsh advfirewall ?????? ?????? .
netsh advfirewall>set global

Usage: set global statefulftp|statefulpptp  enable|disable|notconfigured
      set global IPsec (parameter) (value)
      set global mainmode (parameter) (value) | notconfigured

IPsec Parameters:

      strongcrlcheck    - Configures how CRL checking is enforced.
                          0: Disable CRL checking
                          1: Fail if cert is revoked and the CRL exists in the client?s CRL cache (default behavior)and the CRL exists in the client?s CRL cache (default behavior)                          2: Fail on any error
                          notconfigured: Returns the value to its unconfigured state.
      saidletimemin     - Configures the security association idle time in
                          minutes.
                        - Usage: 5-60|notconfigured (default=5)
      defaultexemptions - Configures the default IPsec exemptions. The default is
                          to exempt IPv6 neighbordiscovery protocol from
                          IPsec.
                        - Usage: none|neighbordiscovery|notconfigured

Main Mode Parameters:

      mmkeylifetime     - Sets the main mode key lifetime in minutes, in sessions, or in both.
                        - Usage: <num>min,<num>sess
      mmsecmethods      - Configures the main mode list of proposals
                        - Usage:
                          keyexch:enc-integrity,enc-integrity[,...]|default
                        - keyexch=dhgroup1|dhgroup2|dhgroup14|
                          ecdhp256|ecdhp384
                        - enc=3des|des|aes128|aes192|aes256
                        - integrity=md5|sha1|sha256|sha384

Remarks:

      - This configures global settings, such as advanced IPsec options.
      - We recommend that you do not use DES, MD5, or DHGroup1. These
        cryptographic algorithms are provided for backward compatibility
        only.
      - The mmsecmethods keyword default sets the policy to the following:
        dhgroup2-aes128-sha1,dhgroup2-3des-sha1
      - Sha256 and sha384 are supported only on Windows Vista SP1 and on later versions of Windows Vista.
?? ??? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ????????? SHA ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ???????:
????? Netsh advfirewall dhgroup1:3des ?????????? ??????? ????????-sha256? 3des sha384

??????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ??????? ?? ???????

????? "Netsh advfirewall ?????? ??? ?????? ????"

???? ????? Netsh advfirewall ?????? ????? ???? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ???????.

?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????.
Rule Name:				test
Enabled:					Yes
Profiles:					Domain,Private,Public
Type:					Static
Mode:					Transport
Endpoint1:				Any
Endpoint2:				Any
Protocol:					Any
Action:					RequestInRequestOut
Auth1:					ComputerPSK
Auth1PSK:				         12345
MainModeSecMethods			         ECDHP384-3DES-SHA256,ECDHP384-3DES-SHA384
QuickModeSecMethods			AH:AESGMAC256+ESP:AESGCM256-AESGCM256+60 min+100000kb

????? "Netsh advfirewall ????? ????? ???"

???? ????? Netsh advfirewall ????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????.

?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????.
Main Mode SA at 01/04/2008 13:10:09
Local IP Address:				157.59.24.101
Remote IP Address:			         157.59.24.119
My ID:
Peer ID:
First Auth:				ComputerPSK
Second Auth:				None
MM Offer:				         ECDHAP384-3DES-SHA256
Cookie Pair:				203d57505:5d088705
Health Pair:				No
Ok.

????? "Netsh advfirewall ????? ????? ????"

???? ????? Netsh advfirewall ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????? ??????.

?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????.
Main Mode SA at 01/04/2008 13:10:09
Local IP Address:				157.59.24.101
Remote IP Address:			         157.59.24.119
Local Port:				Any
Remote Port:				Any
Protocol:					Any
Direction:				Both
QM Offer:				         AH:AESGMAC256+ESP:AESGCM256-AESGCM256+60min +100000kb	
Ok.

????? "Netsh advfirewall ?????? ???????"

???? ????? show Netsh advfirewall ???????? ????????? ????????.

?????? ???? ????? ??? ?????.
Global Settings:
IPsec:					
StrongCRLCheck				0:Disabled
SAIdleTimeMin				5min
DefaultExemptions			         NeighborDiscovery
IPsecThroughNAT			         Server and client behind NAT

StatefulFTP				Enable
StatefulPPTP				Enable

Main Mode:
KeyLifetime				2min,0sess
SecMethods				DHGroup1-3DES-SHA256,DHGroup1-3DES-SHA384

??????? ??????? ????????

??? ????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??? IPsec ????????? Suite B ?????? ?? ???? ?????? SP1 ? Windows Vista ? Windows Server 2008. ????? ????? "??? ????????" ???? ????? ??? ????????? Suite B ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ?? Windows Vista SP1 ?? Windows Server 2008.

????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???.

????????? 1

????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? Windows Server 2008 ?? Windows Vista SP1 ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows vista.
??????? ????????
??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????? ?? ???.

??? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ?? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ?????. ??? ????? ??? ???? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ???? ????????. ?????? ??? ?? ????? ???? ??????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ????? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ??? ???????. ??? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???????.

???? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???????. ??? ????? ??? ??? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????? (ECDSA P256 ?? ECDSA P384) ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows vista? ??? ????? ?????? ????????.

??? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ?????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????.

????????? 2

??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows vista? ????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? SP1 ? Windows Vista ?? Windows Server 2008.
??????? ????????
??? ??? ??????????? ??????? ? "?????" ?? ??? ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? MMC ?????? ???????? ???? ????? Windows. ???? ????? Netsh advfirewall ???? ??????????? ? "?????" ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista.

???? ??? ??????? ??????? ????????

???? ??? ??????? ??????? ???????? ??? ???:
  • ???? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ????????? Suite B ??? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ?????? Windows Vista SP1 ?? Windows Server 2008 ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows vista.
  • ??? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ?????? SP1 ? Windows Vista ?? Windows Server 2008 ??? ??????? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??????? Windows vista? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????. ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ??????????? ???????.

??????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ????????

???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????????AH ???????????? ESP???????
??128 AES-GMAC?? ????? ???
??192 AES-GMAC?? ????? ???
??256 AES-GMAC?? ????? ???
??SHA256?? ????? ???
??SHA1?? ????? ???
??MD5?? ????? ???
ESP?? ???128 AES-GMAC?? ???
ESP?? ???192 AES-GMAC?? ???
ESP?? ???256 AES-GMAC?? ???
ESP?? ???SHA256?? ???
ESP?? ???SHA1?? ???
ESP?? ???MD5?? ???
ESP?? ???SHA256?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? AES-????? ??????? ?????
ESP?? ???SHA1?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? AES-????? ??????? ?????
ESP?? ???MD5?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? AES-????? ??????? ?????
ESP?? ?????????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 128??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 128
ESP?? ?????????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 192??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 192
ESP?? ?????????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 256??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 256
?? + ESP128 AES-GMAC128 AES-GMAC?? ???
?? + ESP128 AES-GMAC128 AES-GMAC?? ???
?? + ESP128 AES-GMAC128 AES-GMAC?? ???
?? + ESPSHA-256SHA-256?? ???
?? + ESPSHA1SHA1?? ???
?? + ESPMD5MD5?? ???
?? + ESPSHA256SHA256?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? AES-????? ??????? ?????
?? + ESPSHA1SHA1?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? AES-????? ??????? ?????
?? + ESPMD5MD5?? ???????? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? AES-????? ??????? ?????
?? + ESP128 AES-GMAC??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 128??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 128
?? + ESP192 AES-GMAC??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 192??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 192
?? + ESP256 AES-GMAC??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 256??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 256
???????? ??? ??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? AES GMAC ????? null. ??? ???? ??????? ????? ????? AH ??????? ???????? 128 GMAC ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????? ESP ???????? 128 AES-????? ??????? ?????. ???? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ????? AH ? ESP ???????.

?? ??? ?????? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????.
?? ??? ??????????? ??? ??????
????????AH ???????????? ESP???????
ESP?? ???128 AES-GMAC?? ???????? ??????? ????????
ESP?? ???192 AES-GMAC?? ???????? ??????? ????????
ESP?? ???256 AES-GMAC?? ???????? ??????? ????????
ESP?? ?????????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 1281. ??
2. ?? ???????? ??????? ??????? 128 AES-????? ??????? ?????
ESP?? ?????????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 1921. ??
2. ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 192
ESP?? ?????????? ????????? ?????????-????? ??????? ?????? 2561. ??
2. ?? ???????? ??????? ??? 256 AES-????? ??????? ?????
?? + ESP128 AES-GMAC128 AES-GMAC?? ???????? ??????? ????????
?? + ESP192 AES-GMAC192 AES-GMAC?? ???????? ??????? ????????
?? + ESP256 AES-GMAC256 AES-GMAC?? ???????? ??????? ????????
????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? B? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??????:
http://www.nsa.gov/ia/programs/suiteb_cryptography/index.shtml
????? ?? ????????? ??? IPsec ?????? ???? ???????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?linkid=96525
????? ?? ????????? ??? "????? ?????? ?? ???????" ?? Windows Server 2008? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet2.microsoft.com/windowsserver2008/en/library/532ac164-da33-4369-bef0-8f019d5a18b81033.mspx?mfr=true
????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ????? Microsoft":
949299 ??? ?????? ???? "????? ???????" ???? ??? ??????? ??? Windows Vista Service Pack 1 ?????? ???? ????? Windows ? IPsec ???? ??? ??? ????????

???????

???? ???????: 949856 - ????? ??? ??????: 15/?? ??????/1434 - ??????: 5.0
????? ???
  • Windows Vista Service Pack 1, ????? ?????? ??:
    • Windows Vista Business
    • Windows Vista Business 64-bit edition
    • Windows Vista Enterprise
    • Windows Vista Enterprise 64-bit edition
    • Windows Vista Home Basic
    • Windows Vista Home Basic 64-bit edition
    • Windows Vista Home Premium
    • Windows Vista Home Premium 64-bit edition
    • Windows Vista Ultimate
    • Windows Vista Ultimate 64-bit edition
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard without Hyper-V
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
????? ??????: 
kbexpertiseinter kbhowto kbinfo kbmt KB949856 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ?? ??????? ??? ??? ?? ???? ????????? ???? ??????? ???????(CTF) ?? ?? ???? ????? ????. ???? ?? ???? ?????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ???? ??? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????. ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?????. ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????.
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????949856

????? ???????

 

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