FIX: An access violation may occur when you run a query that uses a parallel execution plan in SQL Server 2008

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Article ID: 961283 - View products that this article applies to.
Bug: #50003820 (SQL Hotfix)
Microsoft distributes Microsoft SQL Server 2008 fixes as one downloadable file. Because the fixes are cumulative, each new release contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous SQL Server 2008 fix release.
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SYMPTOMS

Consider the following scenario:
  • In Microsoft SQL Server 2008, you have a query that contains all of the following clauses:
    • Group by
    • Union all
    • Inner join
  • The query uses a parallel execution plan.
  • You run the query.
In this scenario, an access violation may occur. And, you may receive an error message that resembles the following:
Location: xbmp.cpp:2038
Expression: 0 != pxteBitmap
Msg 3624, Level 20, State 1, Line 2
A system assertion check has failed. Check the SQL Server error log for details. Typically, an assertion failure is caused by a software bug or data corruption. To check for database corruption, consider running DBCC CHECKDB. If you agreed to send dumps to Microsoft during setup, a mini dump will be sent to Microsoft. An update might be available from Microsoft in the latest Service Pack or in a QFE from Technical Support.
Msg 0, Level 20, State 0, Line 0
A severe error occurred on the current command. The results, if any, should be discarded.
Additionally, a mini-dump file is generated under the SQL Server log folder.

RESOLUTION

The fix for this issue was first released in Cumulative Update 3. For more information about how to obtain this cumulative update package for SQL Server 2008, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
960484 Cumulative update package 3 for SQL Server 2008
Note Because the builds are cumulative, each new fix release contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous SQL Server 2008 fix release. We recommend that you consider applying the most recent fix release that contains this hotfix. For more information, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
956909 The SQL Server 2008 builds that were released after SQL Server 2008 was released

WORKAROUND

To work around this problem, use one of the following methods.

Method 1
Set the maximum degree of parallelism (MAXDOP) query hint to 1.

Method 2

Use the sp_configure system stored procedure to set MAXDOP to 1.

Note We strongly recommend that you do not use Method 2. This operation may significantly affect the performance of the production systems because all queries will be affected.

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.

MORE INFORMATION

For more information about what files are changed, and for information about any prerequisites to apply the cumulative update package that contains the hotfix that is described in this Microsoft Knowledge Base article, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
960484 Cumulative update package 3 for SQL Server 2008

REFERENCES

For more information about the list of builds that are available after the release of SQL Server 2008, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
956909 The SQL Server 2008 builds that were released after SQL Server 2008 was released
For more information about the Incremental Servicing Model for SQL Server, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
935897 An Incremental Servicing Model is available from the SQL Server team to deliver hotfixes for reported problems
For more information about the naming schema for SQL Server updates, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
822499 New naming schema for Microsoft SQL Server software update packages
For more information about software update terminology, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
824684 Description of the standard terminology that is used to describe Microsoft software updates

Properties

Article ID: 961283 - Last Review: January 19, 2009 - Revision: 1.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Standard
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Developer
  • Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Workgroup
Keywords: 
kbsurveynew kbexpertiseadvanced kbqfe kbfix KB961283

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