????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ??? "????? ????? ???? ??????? ??????" ?? Windows

?????? ????????? ?????? ?????????
???? ???????: 975440 - ??? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????.
????? ???? | ?? ????

???????

??? ???? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? Windows XP ?? ???? Server 2003 ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ????? (DFSN) ? ????? ????? ????? ???????:
??? \\<Domain Name> \<DFS Namespace> ??? ???? ??????. ?? ?? ???? ???? ????? ???????? ???? ???? ??????? ???. ???? ???????? ?? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?????? ??????.

???? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ?? ??? ??????.
?? ???? ??????? Windows Vista ?????????? ??????? ?? Windows ? ?? ???? ???? ????? ????? ???????:
????? ??? Windows ?????? ??? ??? \\<Domain Name> \<DFS Namespace>
?? ??? ?????? ??? "???? ???? ???????"

?????

???? ??? ????? ????? ???? ?????? DFSN ?? ???? ????? ??????? ??? ???? DFSN.

?? ???? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ???????:
  • ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ??? DFSN
  • ??? ??????? ????? DFSN
  • ??? ???? DFSN ?????? ???? ??????

????

??? ??? ???????? ??? ?? ???? ?????? ????? ????? ?????? ???? DFSN. ????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ?? ??? ????????.

???????

?? ??? ??????? "?????" ???? ??? ??????? ??????? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? DFSN ??????. ??? ??? ????? ??? ???? ????? ????? ???? ????? ???? ???? ?? ??? ???? DFSN ??? ??? DFSN.

????? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????.

????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???????? ????? /spcinfo DFSUtil.exe. ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? DFSN. ????? ???? ????? ??????? "?????? ??????."

?? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ??? ???? DNS "contoso.com" ? "CONTOSO" ??? ???? NetBIOS ?????? ??????. ?? ??????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? "CONTOSO": 2003server2 ? 2003server1. ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? DNS ??? "contoso.com" ?? ???, ??? ??? ????????? ??? ????? "contoso.com".
 [*][2003server1.contoso.com]
[*][CONTOSO]
[*][contoso.com]
 [+][CONTOSO]
        [-2003server2]
        [+2003server1]
[-][contoso.com]
?? ?????? ??? ????????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ??? ??????? ????? (*) ??? ???? ???? ?????. ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? DFSN. ????????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ????? ?????? ????? (+) ?? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ??? ????????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc782417(WS.10).aspx
?????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ????? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? IP ????? ??. ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??????? ????????:
  • ??? \\192.168.1.11
  • net view \\192.168.1.11
????? ???? ???? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ????????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ??????.

?? ???? ???? ??????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ???? DFSN ???? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????. ????? ?????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? (???? ????? ?????? PKT) ???????? ????? /pktinfo DFSUtil.exe.

?????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??? ???? DFSN "\\contoso.com\dfsroot\link." ????? ????? ????? ????? ("rootserver1" ? "rootserver2"). ???????? ?? ??? ???? ("fileserver").
Entry: \contoso.com\dfsroot
ShortEntry: \contoso.com\dfsroot
Expires in 300 seconds
UseCount: 0 Type:0x81 ( REFERRAL_SVC DFS )
   0:[\ROOTSERVER1\dfsshare] State:0x119 ( ACTIVE )
   1:[\ROOTSERVER2\dfsshare] State:0x09 ( )

Entry: \contoso.com\dfsroot\link
ShortEntry: \contoso.com\dfsroot\link
Expires in 1800 seconds
UseCount: 0 Type:0x1 ( DFS )
   0:[\fileserver\data] State:0x131 ( ACTIVE )
??? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ????? ???????, ???? ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ????. ??? ?????? ??? ???? DFSN ?????? ?? ??? ???????.

??? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? (??? "\contoso.com\dfsroot") ? ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??????? ????? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ????? ??? DFSN. ??? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ???? ?? ????? ?? "???" ? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????? ?? ??? ????? ??????.

???? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????? ??? ???????? ?????? IP. ???? ????????? ??? ????? ????? IP ????? ??? ? ???? ????? ????? ??? ???????? (??? "\\192.168.1.11 net view" ???? ?? "\\192.168.1.11\dfsroot net view"). ????? ?? ?????? ??? ????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ??? DFS ???. ?? ???? ???? ???? ??? ????? ????? ?????. ???? ?? ????? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??? ?????????.

??? ?? ????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ?? ??????? ???? ????? ????? DFS. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ?????? ???? TCP/IP ????? ??????? ???????? "??????? ??????? ????????" ? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc778264(WS.10).aspx

??? ???

??? ??? ??????? ?? ??? ????? ????? DFS ?? ???????? ???? ?????? ????? ?????. ???? ????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????? ?????? dfsutil /pktinfo ?????? dfsutil /spcinfo. ??? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ??? ?????? ??? ?????? IP.

????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ?? ????? ??? ??? ???????.
  • ????? NetBIOS ? WINS

    ?? ???? ??? ????? ??? NetBIOS ???? ????? ????? ??????? ?? ???? ???? ????? IP ??? ???? ?? ?????. ??????? ???? ???? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????? NetBIOS ??? (??? ???????? ????? net \\2003server1 ?????). ??? ???? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ??? ??????. ??????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ?????? NetBIOS ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ????? nbtstat - c ??????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? IP ?????? ???. ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????.
                  NetBIOS Remote Cache Name Table
    Name                  Type      Host Address     Life [sec]
    -----------------------------------------------------------
    2003server1  <00>     UNIQUE    192.168.1.11     462 
    ?????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? WINS:
    ??????? ????? ?????? WINS
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc738288(WS.10).aspx

    ??????? ????? WINS ???????
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc776185(WS.10).aspx
  • ????? DNS

    ?????????? ???? DFSN ????? NetBIOS ??????? ?????. ???? ????? ????? DFSN ???????? ????? DNS ??????? ???? ?????? WINS. ????? ?? ?????????? ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????????):
    244380????? ????? DFS ???????? ???? ???? ???? ????? ???? ?? ???????
    ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ????? DNS ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ????? DNS. ?????? ????? ?? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ??????:
    ipconfig /displaydns
    ?? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????.
    Windows IP Configuration
    
        2003server1
        ----------------------------------------
        Record Name . . . . . : 2003server1.contoso.com
        Record Type . . . . . : 1
        Time To Live  . . . . : 882
        Data Length . . . . . : 4
        Section . . . . . . . : Answer
        A (Host) Record . . . : 192.168.1.11
    ?????? ????????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? DNS:
    ????? DNS ?? ??????? ??????? ????????
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc736535(WS.10).aspx

    ?????? DNS ??????? ??????? ????????
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc787724(WS.10).aspx
  • ?????? ???? ???????

    ?????? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ??? ???. ??? ????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????. ?? ???? ?????? ????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ???? ??? ???? ???????. ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???? ???????:
    • nbtstat - RR
    • ipconfig /flushdns
    • dfsutil /pktflush
    • dfsutil /spcflush
    ????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ?????? Microsoft 3 ???? ??? ??? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?? "????? ??????? ?? Microsoft" (????? ?? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??? ?? ??? ??? ?????? ??????????):
    933741??????? ??? ????? ??????? 3
    ????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ??????? ???? DFS ??? ????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc782417(WS.10).aspx
    ????? ?? ????????? ??? DNS ? WINS ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
    http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc755374(WS.10).aspx

DFS "?" ????? ??????

??? ????? ??? ???? ??????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ??????? DFS ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ???????. ????? DFS ??? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????? DFS ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???? Active Directory.

?????? ???? ?? ??? ????? ???? DFS ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????/????? ????? DFS. ?? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????? ???? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???? ????? ?????? ?? DFS ?? ????? ????? ?????? ????????.

????? ???? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ????? ???????? ??? ????, ??? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? (PDC). ????? ?????? ??????? ????????? ??? DFS ???? ???? ????????? PDC ??????? ???????. ?? ???? ??? ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ??? ?? ????? "??? ?????? ?????" latencies ????? ???????? ?? "Active Directory" ???? ?? ???? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ???????. ????? ?? ????????? ??? "??? ?????? ?????" ? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc776068(WS.10).aspx
?? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ???????? interrogate ???? ??? ?????? ????? ???????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??????. ?????? ????? ?? ?????? ????? repadmin.exe. ???? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????? ???????:
repadmin /showrepl * DN_of_domain
?????? ?? ??? ?????? "*"???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???? ???? ?????????? ?? ? "DN_of_domain" ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ???"dc = contoso ? dc = com."

?????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?? DFSN ??????? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ??? ??? ??????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????? ??? DC.

?? ????? ??????? DFSN ????? ??? ?????? ??? ????? ?????. ?? ???? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ????? ??? ????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ?? ??????. ??? ?? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ?????? (?????? "insite") ? ?? ???? DFSN ????. ????? ?? ??? ??? ?????? "insite" ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? opena ???? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??????:
dfsutil /path:\\contoso.com\dfs /insite /display
????? ???????? ?? ???? ????? ??????? ???? "Active Directory" ?????? DFSN ????? ???? ?????? ???? ????. ????? ?? ???? ??? ???????? ????? ????? ?? ???? ????? "insite". ????? ???? DFSN ?????? ???? ?? ???? ????? ????? IP ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??????. ???? DFS ????? ????? ?? ???? ??? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ??? ?????? ????? ??? ????? IP. ?????? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??? DFS ???? ????? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ????? ?? ?? ??????? ??????? ?????? ??? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ????? ????? DFS:
  • dfsutil /sitename:root_target_name
  • dfsutil /sitename:client_ip_address

?????

????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/947724
?????? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? "?????? ???? Active Directory" ?????? ?? ?????? ???? Microsoft ?????? ??? ?????:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc787284(WS.10).aspx
????? ?? ????????? ??? ????? ????? DFS ?? ?????? ????? Microsoft ???????? ??? ?????:
??? ???? DFS
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc782417(WS.10).aspx

???? ??????? ???????: ??????? ?????????
http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserver2003/techinfo/overview/dfsfaq.mspx

????? ????????? ????? ?????:
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc786243(WS.10).aspx

???????

???? ???????: 975440 - ????? ??? ??????: 26/???? ?????/1431 - ??????: 3.0
????? ???
  • Microsoft Windows XP Professional
  • Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition
  • Windows Vista Business
  • Windows Vista Enterprise
  • Windows Vista Home Basic
  • Windows Vista Home Premium
  • Windows Vista Starter
  • Windows Vista Ultimate
  • Windows 7 Enterprise
  • Windows 7 Home Basic
  • Windows 7 Home Premium
  • Windows 7 Professional
  • Windows 7 Starter
  • Windows 7 Ultimate
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition for Itanium-Based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition for Itanium-based Systems
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard x64 Edition
  • Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition (32-bit x86)
  • Windows Server 2008 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 Standard
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard
????? ??????: 
kbmt kbexpertiseadvanced kbtshoot kbsurveynew kbprb KB975440 KbMtar
????? ????
???: ??? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????? ??. ?????? ?? ???? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? ?? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ?? ????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????. ?? ????? ???? ?????????? ??????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ???????? ?? ??? ???????. ???? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????? ??????? ??????
???? ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????????975440

????? ???????

 

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