FIX: Run-time Error 6 "Overflow When Compiled to Native Code"

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Article ID: 171837 - View products that this article applies to.
This article was previously published under Q171837
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SYMPTOMS

The following error may occur when the if expression uses Byte data type:
"Run-time error '6'. Overflow."

CAUSE

Visual Basic does not evaluate Byte data type correctly in the if expression when compiled to Native code with optimizations.

RESOLUTION

Install Visual Studio 97 Service Pack 2 (SP2). The problem can also be addressed by compiling to P-code, compiling to Native Code with no optimizations, or using a data type other than the byte data type in the if expression.

STATUS

Microsoft has confirmed this to be a bug in the Microsoft products listed at the beginning of this article. This bug has been fixed in Visual Studio 97 Service Pack 2.

For more information on the Visual Studio 97 Service Pack 2, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
170365 : INFO: Visual Studio 97 Service Packs - What, Where, and Why

For a list of the Visual Basic 5.0 bugs that were fixed in the Visual Studio 97 Service Pack 2, please see the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
171554 : INFO: Visual Basic 5.0 Fixes in Visual Studio 97 Service Pack 2

MORE INFORMATION

The following code (known as the "Triangle Inequality") will run as expected in the Visual Basic IDE or compiled as P-code but will fail when compiled as a Native EXE file with optimizations.

Steps to Reproduce Behavior

  1. Start a New Standard EXE project. Form1 is created by default.
  2. In the General Declarations section of Form1, place the following code:
          Sub Checksides (a as Byte, b as Byte, c as Byte)
    
              If (c > a + b) or (a > b + c) or (b > a + c) then
                  MsgBox "Not a triangle"
              Else
                  MsgBox "Triangle"
              End If
    
          End Sub
    
    						
  3. In the Form_Load() event of Form1, place the following code:
          Private Sub Form_Load()
            CheckSides 1,1,1
            End
          End sub
    
    						
  4. Select Project Properties from the Project menu. Open the Compile tab and make sure the project is set to compile to Native Code with some sort of optimization selected, such as Optimize for fast code.
  5. Select Make Project1.exe from the File Menu.
  6. Execute the Project1.exe file.
This will produce the error message "Run-time error 6. OverFlow."

Properties

Article ID: 171837 - Last Review: December 10, 2003 - Revision: 2.0
APPLIES TO
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Control Creation Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Learning Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Professional Edition
  • Microsoft Visual Basic 5.0 Enterprise Edition
Keywords: 
kbbug kbfix kbvbp500sp2fix kbvs97sp2fix KB171837
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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