How to redirect stdout to a file from a Visual C/C++ program

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Article ID: 58667
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Summary

This article explains how to redirect stdout to a file from a C program, then restore the original stdout at a later point in the same program. The C function typically used to redirect stdout or stdin is freopen(). To redirect stdout to a file called FILE.TXT, use the following call:
   freopen( "file.txt", "w", stdout );
This statement causes all subsequent output, which is typically directed towards stdout, to go to the file FILE.TXT.

To return stdout to the display (the default stdout), use the following call:
   freopen( "CON", "w", stdout );
In both of these cases, check the return value of freopen() to make sure that the redirection actually took place.

Below is a short program to demonstrate the redirection of stdout:

Sample Code

// Compile options needed: none

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

void main(void)
{
   FILE *stream ;
   if((stream = freopen("file.txt", "w", stdout)) == NULL)
      exit(-1);

   printf("this is stdout output\n");

   stream = freopen("CON", "w", stdout);

   printf("And now back to the console once again\n");
}
This program assumes that stdout is to be redirected toward the console at the end of the program.

Properties

Article ID: 58667 - Last Review: June 17, 2014 - Revision: 5.0
Keywords: 
kbhowto KB58667
Retired KB Content Disclaimer
This article was written about products for which Microsoft no longer offers support. Therefore, this article is offered "as is" and will no longer be updated.

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