- Addusers.exe can be used to import and export user and group accounts from one domain to another.
- Rmtshare.exe can be used to remotely create or delete shares.
- Scopy.exe can be used to copy NTFS file and folder permissions from one share to another. Note that this utility does not copy share permissions.
- Permcopy.exe can be used to copy share permissions from one share to another.
- Subinacl.exe can be used to obtain security information on files, registry keys, and services, and to transfer this information from user to user, from group to group, and from domain to domain.
To migrate users and groups to another domain, use the Addusers.exe utility:
- Use the following command to dump existing user and group accounts to a file:
where computer_name|domain_name is the name of the primary domain controller (PDC) computer that contains the user and group information for the specified domain, and filename is the new file that will contain the user and group account information.
When user and group information is dumped to a file, it is saved in a comma-delimited format.
Dumping user account information does not save user account passwords or any security information to the file. When you use this dump file to migrate users to another domain, all the newly created user accounts have a blank password and all the newly created users are required to change their password at logon by default.
- Use the following command to add the users and groups to the new domain:
addusers \\computer_name|domain_name/c filename
where computer_name|domain_name is the name of the PDC computer and the domain where the user accounts will be created, and filename is the name of the comma-delimited dump file that contains the user and group information.
Creating Shares Remotely
To create or delete shares on a remote server, use the RMTShare.exe utility with the following syntax:
rmtshare \\server[\sharename[=path [/printer]]] [/grant [user[:perms ]]] [/remove user][/users:number] [/unlimited] [/remark:"text"] /delete
- \\server\sharename are the server and share to create, inspect, modify, or delete.
- /grant user:perms adds the name of a valid user or group on the server with permissions or changes the user's permissions in an access control list. Valid permissions are r=read, c=change (write), f=full, n=none. You can type "READ", but only the first character is used.
- /remove user removes the specific entry for a user; that user then inherits permissions (in contrast to "/grant user:none", which denies any access at all to user).
- /users:number is the number of users with privileges to the server and share.
- /delete deletes the share specified by \\server\sharename.
Copying File and Share Permissions
Two utilities are required to copy NTFS and share permissions. The Scopy.exe utility is used to copy NTFS file and folder permissions, and the Permcopy.exe utility is used to copy share permissions:
- To copy files and folders and retain their NTFS file and folder permissions, use the Scopy.exe utility with the following syntax:
scopy source destination/o /a /s
where source is the path to the source directory and destination is the path to the destination directory. The /o option copies owner security information, /a copies auditing information, and /s includes all files in subdirectories.
The Scopy.exe utility cannot copy files to or from file systems that do not use security, such as FAT and HPFS. Scopy.exe copies only NTFS security information, it cannot be used to copy share permissions.
- To copy share permissions from one share to another, use the Permcopy.exe utility with the following syntax:
permcopy \\source_server\share_name \\destination_server\share_name
where source_server\share_name and destination_server\share_name are the UNC paths to the source and destination shares.
CAUTION: You cannot use the Permcopy.exe utility to copy permissions of an administrative share (sharename$, such as C$ or IPC$). Copying permissions to an administrative share located on an x86 computer will cause Services.exe to crash.
Migrating Registry Keys, Services, and Other Objects
To migrate other domain objects, use the Subinacl.exe utility. Subinacl.exe can be used to obtain security information on files, directories, registry keys, and services, and to transfer this information from user to user, from group to group, and from domain to domain. Subinacl.exe uses the following syntax:
subinacl /object_type object_name /action=parameter /action=parameter
Object types that can be manipulated by the Subinacl.exe utility include:
- Registry keys and subkeys
- Kernel objects
Actions that can be performed on the above objects include:
- Change ownership
- Replace all access control entries in the object.
- Change domain name of the object
- Migrate the object from one domain to another.
Example: To replace the security identifiers in all access control entries that contain DOMAIN1\SALES with those of DOMAIN2\SALES, use the Subinacl.exe utility as follows:
For more information about the syntax and use of these tools, refer to the RKTools.hlp file in Windows NT Server 4.0 Resource Kit Supplement 3.
Artikelnummer: 266083 – Letzte Überarbeitung: 19.06.2014 – Revision: 1