Consider the following scenario:
You have Microsoft SQL Server 2012 Service Pack 1 (SP1) installed on a computer.
You create a linked server to a NON-MS data source by using a third-party OLE DB provider.
A client application executes some distributed queries through the linked server.
In this scenario, you receive the following error message:
Msg 7369, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
The OLE DB provider '<ProviderName>' provided invalid collation.
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Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.