Assume that you execute setup as LOCAL SYSTEM with UPDATE SOURCE option specified. In this situation, you notice that the setup will be unable to extract the requested product update, and may fail with an exception that's similar to the following:
Exception type: Microsoft.SqlServer.Configuration.SmartSetupExtension.PackageExtractionFailureException
Message: SQL Server Setup was not able to extract requested product update FilePath\FileName to C:\Windows\TEMP\SQL Server 2019\Hotfix. This can often happen when drive does not have enough space or the update package is corrupted. Click Retry to extract again or Cancel to exit out of Setup.
HResult : 0x851b0001
FacilityCode : 1307 (51b)
ErrorCode : 1 (0001)
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.
This issue is fixed in the following cumulative update for SQL Server:
About cumulative updates for SQL Server:
Each new cumulative update for SQL Server contains all the hotfixes and all the security fixes that were included with the previous cumulative update. Check out the latest cumulative updates for SQL Server:
Learn about the terminology that Microsoft uses to describe software updates.