How to let non-administrators view the Active Directory deleted objects container

Applies to: Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 2Windows Server 2008 StandardWindows Server 2008 Enterprise

Summary


When an Active Directory object is deleted, a small part of the object stays in the deleted objects container for a specified time. It stays there so that other domain controllers that are replicating changes will become aware of the deletion. By default, only the System account and members of the Administrators group can view the contents of this container. This article describes how to modify the permissions on the deleted objects container.

You may have to modify the permissions on the deleted objects container if the following conditions are true:
  • You have enterprise applications or services that bind to Active Directory with a non-System account or a non-Administrator account.
  • These enterprise applications or services poll for directory changes.

More Information


To modify the permissions on the deleted objects container so that non-administrators can view this container, use the DSACLS.exe program. The DSACLS.exe program is included with the Active Directory Application Mode (ADAM) Administration Tools.

For Windows Server 2008 and newer the tool is included in the operating system.

For Windows 2000 and Server 2003 you can get this done by obtaining and installing the ADAM Administration Tools, follow these steps:  
  1. Download the ADAM retail package.
    The following file is available for download from the Microsoft Download Center:

    Download Download the ADAMretailX86.exe package now.

    For more information about how to download Microsoft Support files, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
    119591 How to obtain Microsoft support files from online services
    Microsoft scanned this file for viruses. Microsoft used the most current virus-detection software that was available on the date that the file was posted. The file is stored on security-enhanced servers that help prevent any unauthorized changes to the file.


    Note This version of the ADAM Administration Tools is an upgrade from the version in the Windows Server 2003 Support Tools. This version of the ADAM Administration Tools is supported by Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition; Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Enterprise Edition; Microsoft Windows Server 2003, Datacenter Edition; and Microsoft Windows XP Professional.
  2. To extract the contents of the file that you downloaded in step 1, double-click the file, and then specify a directory when you are prompted.
  3. In the directory that you extracted the file to in step 2, double-click the Adamsetup.exe program to start the Active Directory Application Mode Setup Wizard, and then click Next.
  4. Review and accept the license terms, and then click
    Next.
  5. Select ADAM administration tools only, and then click Next.
  6. Review your selections, and then click
    Next.
  7. When Setup has concluded, click
    Finish.
After you have installed the ADAM Administration Tools, you can modify the permissions on the deleted objects container. To do this, follow these steps:
  1. Log on with a user account that is a member of the Domain Admins group.
  2. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to ADAM, and then click
    ADAM Tools Command Prompt.
  3. At the command prompt, type a command that is similar to the following example:
    dsacls "CN=Deleted Objects,DC=Contoso,DC=com" /takeownership
    Notes
    • When you type this command, use the name of the deleted objects container for your domain.
    • Each domain in the forest will have its own deleted objects container.
    Output that is similar to the following example should be displayed:
    Owner: Contoso\Domain Admins
    Group: NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM
    Access list:
    {This object is protected from inheriting permissions from the parent}
    Allow BUILTIN\Administrators SPECIAL ACCESS
    LIST CONTENTS
    READ PROPERTY
    Allow NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM SPECIAL ACCESS
    DELETE
    READ PERMISSONS
    WRITE PERMISSIONS
    CHANGE OWNERSHIP
    CREATE CHILD
    DELETE CHILD
    LIST CONTENTS
    WRITE SELF
    WRITE PROPERTY
    READ PROPERTY
    The command completed successfully
  4. To grant a security principal permission to view the objects in the deleted objects container, type a command that is similar to the following example:
    dsacls "CN=Deleted Objects,DC=Contoso,DC=com" /g CONTOSO\EricLang:LCRP
    Output that is similar to the following example should be displayed:
    Owner: CONTOSO\Domain Admins
    Group: NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM

    Access list:
    {This object is protected from inheriting permissions from the parent}
    Allow BUILTIN\Administrators SPECIAL ACCESS
    LIST CONTENTS
    READ PROPERTY
    Allow NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM SPECIAL ACCESS
    DELETE
    READ PERMISSONS
    WRITE PERMISSIONS
    CHANGE OWNERSHIP
    CREATE CHILD
    DELETE CHILD
    LIST CONTENTS
    WRITE SELF
    WRITE PROPERTY
    READ PROPERTY
    Allow CONTOSO\EricLang SPECIAL ACCESS
    LIST CONTENTS
    READ PROPERTY

    The command completed successfully

    In this example, the user "CONTOSO\EricLang" has been granted List Contents and Read Property permissions on the deleted objects container in the "CONTOSO" domain. These permissions let this user view the contents of the deleted objects container, but do not let this user make any changes to objects in the container. These permissions are equivalent to the default permissions that are granted to the Administrators group. By default, only the System account has permission to modify objects in the deleted objects container.