Sign in with Microsoft
Sign in or create an account.
Select a different account.
You have multiple accounts
Choose the account you want to sign in with.

The MMULT function returns the matrix product of two arrays. The result is an array with the same number of rows as array1 and the same number of columns as array2.

Note: If you have a current version of Microsoft 365, then you can simply enter the formula in the top-left-cell of the output range, then press ENTER to confirm the formula as a dynamic array formula. Otherwise, the formula must be entered as a legacy array formula by first selecting the output range, entering the formula in the top-left-cell of the output range, and then pressing CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER to confirm it. Excel inserts curly brackets at the beginning and end of the formula for you. For more information on array formulas, see Guidelines and examples of array formulas.


MMULT(array1, array2)

The MMULT function syntax has the following arguments:

  • array1, array2    Required. The arrays you want to multiply.


  • The number of columns in array1 must be the same as the number of rows in array2, and both arrays must contain only numbers.

  • Array1 and array2 can be given as cell ranges, array constants, or references.

  • MMULT returns the #VALUE! error when:

    • Any cells are empty or contain text.

    • The number of columns in array1 is different from the number of rows in array2.

  • The matrix product array a of two arrays b and c is:


    where i is the row number, and j is the column number.


Example 1

MMULT function- Example 1

Example 2

MMULT function- Example 2

You must enter the above formulas as array formulas for it to work correctly. After you enter the formula, press Enter if you have a current Microsoft 365 subscription; otherwise press Ctrl+Shift+Enter. If the formula is not entered as an array formula, a single result is returned.

Need more help?

You can always ask an expert in the Excel Tech Community or get support in Communities.

Need more help?

Want more options?

Explore subscription benefits, browse training courses, learn how to secure your device, and more.

Communities help you ask and answer questions, give feedback, and hear from experts with rich knowledge.

Was this information helpful?

What affected your experience?
By pressing submit, your feedback will be used to improve Microsoft products and services. Your IT admin will be able to collect this data. Privacy Statement.

Thank you for your feedback!