Security and Quality Rollup for .NET Framework 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, 4.7.1, 4.7.2 for Windows 8.1, RT 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB4578962)

Applies to: .NET Framework

Summary


Security improvements

An information disclosure vulnerability exists when the .NET Framework improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could disclose contents of an affected system's memory. To exploit the vulnerability, an authenticated attacker would need to run a specially crafted application. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how the .NET Framework handles objects in memory.

To learn more about the vulnerabilities, go to the following Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE).

Quality and reliability improvements

SQL

- Addressed a failure that sometimes occured when a user connects to one Azure SQL database, performed an enclave based operation, and then connected to another database under the same server that has the same Attestation URL and performed an enclave operation on the second server.

CLR1

- Added a CLR config variable Thread_AssignCpuGroups (1 by default) that can be set to 0 to disable automatic CPU group assignment done by the CLR for new threads created by Thread.Start() and thread pool threads, such that an app may do its own thread-spreading.

- Addressed a rare data corruption that can occur when using new API’s such as Unsafe.ByteOffset<T> which are often used with the new Span types. The corruption could occur when a GC operation is performed while a thread is calling Unsafe.ByteOffset<T> from inside of a loop.

- Addressed an issue regarding timers with very long due times ticking down much sooner than expected when the AppContext switch "Switch.System.Threading.UseNetCoreTimer" is enabled.

ASP.NET

- Disabled resuse of AppPathModifier in ASP.Net control output.

- HttpCookie objects in the ASP.Net request context will be created with configured defaults for cookie flags instead of .NET-style primitive defaults to match the behavior of `new HttpCookie(name)`.


1 Common Language Runtime (CLR)

Important

  • As a reminder to advanced IT administrators, updates to .NET Framework 3.5 for Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 should only be applied on systems where .NET Framework 3.5 is present and enabled. Customers who attempt to pre-install updates to .NET Framework 3.5 to offline images that do not contain the .NET Framework 3.5 product enabled will expose these systems to failures to enable .NET Framework 3.5 after the systems are online. For more extensive information about deploying .NET Framework 3.5, see Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5 Deployment Considerations.
  • All updates for Windows 8.1, Windows RT 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 require that update KB 2919355 is installed. We recommend that you install update KB 2919355 on your Windows 8.1-based, Windows RT 8.1-based, or Windows Server 2012 R2-based computer so that you receive updates in the future.
  • If you install a language pack after you install this update, you must reinstall this update. Therefore, we recommend that you install any language packs that you need before you install this update. For more information, see Add language packs to Windows.

Additional information about this update


The following articles contain additional information about this update as it relates to individual product versions.
  • 4579979 Description of the Security and Quality Rollup for .NET Framework 3.5, 4.5.2, 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, 4.7.1, 4.7.2, 4.8 for Windows 8.1, RT 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2 (KB4579979)

How to obtain and install the update


Before installing this update

Prerequisite:

To apply this update, you must have .NET Framework 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, 4.7.1, 4.7.2 installed.

Install this update

Release Channel Available Next Step
Windows Update and Microsoft Update Yes None. This update will be downloaded and installed automatically from Windows Update.
Microsoft Update Catalog Yes To get the standalone package for this update, go to the Microsoft Update Catalog website.
Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) Yes

This update will automatically sync with WSUS if you configure Products and Classifications as follows:

Product:Windows 8.1, RT 8.1, and Windows Server 2012 R2

Classification: Security Updates

Prerequisites

To apply this update, you must have .NET Framework 4.6, 4.6.1, 4.6.2, 4.7, 4.7.1, 4.7.2 installed.

Restart requirement

You must restart the computer after you apply this update if any affected files are being used. We recommend that you exit all .NET Framework-based applications before you apply this update.

Update deployment information

For deployment details for this security update, go to the following article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

20201013 Security update deployment information: October 13, 2020

Update removal information

Note We do not recommend that you remove any security update. To remove this update, use the Programs and Features item in Control Panel.

Update restart information

This update does not require a system restart after you apply it unless files that are being updated are locked or are being used.

Update replacement information

This update replaces previously released updates 4576630.

File information



File information
The English (United States) version of this software update installs files that have the attributes that are listed in the following tables.

Windows 8.1, Windows RT 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2 file information

Information about protection and security