Examples of unsupported database changes include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Adding database triggers
- Adding new indexes or changing existing indexes within tables
- Adding, changing, or deleting any primary or foreign key relationships
- Changing or deleting existing stored procedures
- Calling existing stored procedures directly, except as described in the SharePoint Protocols documentation
- Adding new stored procedures
- Adding, changing, or deleting any data in any table of any of the databases for the products that are listed in the "Applies to" section
- Adding, changing, or deleting any columns in any table of any of the databases for the products that are listed in the "Applies to" section
- Making any modification to the database schema
- Adding tables to any of the databases for the products that are listed in the "Applies to" section
- Changing the database collation
- Running DBCC_CHECKDB WITH REPAIR_ALLOW_DATA_LOSS (However, running DBCC_CHECKDB WITH REPAIR_FAST and REPAIR_REBUILD is supported, as these commands only update the indexes of the associated database.)
- Enabling SQL Server change data capture (CDC)
- Enabling SQL Server transactional replication
- Enabling SQL Server merge replication
If an unsupported database modification is discovered during a support call, the customer must perform one of the following procedures at a minimum:
- Perform a database restoration from the last known good backup that did not include the database modifications
- Roll back all the database modifications
If a previous version of the database that does not include the unsupported modifications is unavailable, or if the customer cannot roll back the database modifications, the customer must recover the data manually. The database must be restored to an unmodified state before Microsoft SharePoint Support can provide any data migration assistance.
If it is determined that a database change is necessary, a support case should be opened to determine whether a product defect exists and should be addressed.
Supported database modificationsExceptions to the prohibition against database modifications are made for specific usage scenarios:
- Operations that are initiated from the SharePoint administrative user interface
- SharePoint specific tools and utilities that are provided directly by Microsoft (for example, Ststadm.exe)
- Changes that are made programmatically through the SharePoint Object Model and that are in compliance with the SharePoint SDK documentation
- Activities that are in compliance with the SharePoint Protocols documentation
Read operations addendumReading from the SharePoint databases programmatically, or manually, can cause unexpected locking within Microsoft SQL Server which can adversely affect performance. Any read operations against the SharePoint databases that originate from queries, scripts, .dll files (and so on) that are not provided by the Microsoft SharePoint Development Team or by Microsoft SharePoint Support will be considered unsupported if they are identified as a barrier to the resolution of a Microsoft support engagement.
If unsupported read operations are identified as a barrier to the resolution of support engagement, the database will be considered to be in an unsupported state. To return the database to a supported state, all unsupported read activities must stop.