How to Use a KeyPress Event in Lieu of ON KEY LABEL


Many developers use ON KEY LABEL to assign programs or procedures within programs that are to be executed upon pressing a specific key (usually a function key). However, if the ON KEY LABEL assignment is to be specific to a control within a form, a better alternative would be to use the KeyPress event of that control.

More Information

The KeyPress event is available for the following form controls:
CheckBox, ComboBox, CommandButton, EditBox, Form, ListBox, OptionButton, Spinner, TextBox
It is possible to use this event to check for the press of a specific key. When using the KeyPress event to perform an action based on a function key, the function key's value should be used as shown in this table:

Key Alone Shift Ctrl Alt
F1 28 84 94 104
F2 -1 85 95 105
F3 -2 86 96 106
F4 -3 87 97 107
F5 -4 88 98 108
F6 -5 89 99 109
F7 -6 90 100 110
F8 -7 91 101 111
F9 -8 92 102 112
F10 -9 93 103 113
F11 133 135 137 139
F12 134 136 138 140
For more information on key values, refer to the INKEY() function in Visual FoxPro Help file.

Step-by-Step Example

The following steps show how to use the KeyPress event.

  1. Create a form, and place a text box on it.
  2. In the ControlSource property of the text box, type mykey (or any other variable that you might prefer).
  3. Place the following code in the KeyPress event of the text box:
       LPARAMETERS nKeyCode, nShiftAltCtrl
    *: The previous line of code is already contained in the KeyPress event
    *: by default.

    CASE nKeyCode = 28
    WAIT WINDOW "The F1 Key has been pressed" NOWAIT
    mykey = "F1 Key"

    CASE nKeyCode = -4
    WAIT WINDOW "The F5 Key has been pressed" NOWAIT
    mykey = "F5 Key"

  4. Place the following code in the Load event of the form:
    *: This will disable FoxPro's default function key assignments.
  5. Place the following code in the Destroy event of the form:
    *: This will restore FoxPro's default function key assignments.
  6. Place a command button on the form, and place the following code in its click event:
  7. Save and run the form. If either the F1 or F5 key is pressed, the appropriate WAIT WINDOW messages should appear, and the text box should be updated.