MS-DOS 6.22 Country.txt file

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Summary

The following information is contained in the COUNTRY.TXT file included with MS-DOS 6.22. The functionality of COUNTRY.SYS was enhanced in MS-DOS 6.22 by adding keyboard support for Canada (standard CAN/CSA-Z keyboards), Brazil (secondary standard keyboards), Bulgaria, Greece, Iceland, FYRO Macedonia and Serbia/Montenegro, Romania, Russia, and Turkey.

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Supplemental Information on MS-DOS 6.22--Customizing for International Use
--------------------------------------------------------------------------

This file provides information on customizing MS-DOS 6.22 for international
use. This information is not included in the MICROSOFT MS-DOS USER'S GUIDE,
MS-DOS Help or the README.TXT file. It supplements the international
keyboard and character set information provided in Section 1 of the
README.TXT file that accompanied MS-DOS 6.22.

This file covers the following topics:

1. Additional Character Set (Codepage) and Keyboard Support
1.1 The KEYBRD2.SYS File
1.2 The EGA.CPI, EGA2.CPI, and EGA3.CPI Files
1.3 Configuring Your Computer to Use International-Language Settings
2. Switching Between Modes on Dual-Mode Keyboards
3. Quick Reference Tables for International Language Support

1. Additional Character Set (Codepage) and Keyboard Support
============================================================
MS-DOS 6.22 includes the KEYBRD2.SYS, EGA2.CPI and EGA3.CPI files, which
offer support for additional keyboards and character sets (codepages).
You use these files just as you would the KEYBOARD.SYS and EGA.CPI files.
MS-DOS also includes new country/region settings in COUNTRY.SYS.

MS-DOS 6.22 includes new country/region settings in COUNTRY.SYS that use
the new keyboards and character sets. For more information, see the tables
in section 4 of this file. For a complete list of all the
countries/regions, keyboards, and character sets provided by MS-DOS 6.22,
see section 4 of this file.

Note: ISO.CPI, an additional codepage information file, provides ISO-
compliant fonts that can be used in place of the standard MS-DOS fonts. The
ISO.CPI file is included in the MS-DOS Resource Kit; to obtain it, send in
the coupon in the back of your MS-DOS USER'S GUIDE.

1.1 The KEYBRD2.SYS File
-------------------------
The KEYBRD2.SYS file is essentially similar to KEYBOARD.SYS; you use it
just as you would the KEYBOARD.SYS file. The differences between
KEYBOARD.SYS and KEYBRD2.SYS are:

- KEYBRD2.SYS contains support for the following keyboards, which
are not supported by KEYBOARD.SYS:

Country/region/Language Keyboard layout Keyboard ID
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Canada (standard CAN/CSA-Z keyboard) cf See below.
Brazil (secondary standard keyboard) br 274, 275
Bulgaria bg 442
Greece gk 319
Iceland is 161
Macedonia and Serbia/Montenegro yc 118
Romania ro 333
Russian ru 441
Turkish tr 440, 179

- Although KEYBRD2.SYS contains a Canadian keyboard with the same
keyboard code (058) and identifier (cf) as KEYBOARD.SYS, the
layout of the two keyboards is different. The Canadian keyboard
layout in KEYBRD2.SYS meets the standard set forth by the Canadian
government's specification 243.200-92 (CAN/CSA-Z). The keyboard
layout in KEYBOARD.SYS is more commonly used, but does not meet
Canadian government specifications.

- The KEYBRD2.SYS file does not include support for the following
keyboards supported by KEYBOARD.SYS:

Belgium
Danish
French
Japan
Latin America
Netherlands
Portuguese
Spanish
Switzerland (German)
Switzerland (French)

- KEYBRD2.SYS contains changes to the German keyboard that are
not in KEYBOARD.SYS. In the German keyboard, the SHIFT lock
behavior of the top row of the keyboard is now functionally
the same as the US keyboard (that is, "typewriter mode"
has been removed).

1.2 The EGA.CPI, EGA2.CPI, and EGA3.CPI Files
----------------------------------------------
MS-DOS 6.22 includes three codepage information (.CPI) files, each
of which contains information for different code pages.

EGA.CPI contains the following:

437 - United States
850 - Multilingual (Latin I)
852 - Slavic/Eastern European (Latin II)
860 - Portuguese
863 - Canadian-French
865 - Nordic

EGA2.CPI contains the following:

737 - Greek II
850 - Multilingual (Latin I)
852 - Slavic/Eastern European (Latin II)
857 - Turkish
861 - Icelandic
869 - Greek

EGA3.CPI contains the following:

437 - United States
850 - Multilingual (Latin I)
852 - Slavic/Eastern European (Latin II)
855 - Cyrillic I
866 - Russian (Cyrillic II)

1.3 Configuring Your Computer to Use International-Language Settings
---------------------------------------------------------------------
To use country/region settings or a character set other than the standard
ones (United States), you must edit your CONFIG.SYS and AUTOEXEC.BAT
files.

For example, to use the new Icelandic settings, carry out the
following steps:

1. Add the following commands to your CONFIG.SYS file:

REM ICELAND SETTINGS
COUNTRY=354,861,C:\DOS\COUNTRY.SYS
DEVICE=C:\DOS\DISPLAY.SYS CON=(,,2)

2. Add the following commands to your AUTOEXEC.BAT file:

REM ICELAND SETTINGS
MODE CON CP PREPARE=((861 850)C:\DOS\EGA2.CPI)
MODE CON CP SELECT=861
KEYB IS,,C:\DOS\KEYBRD2.SYS

3. Restart your computer.


2. Switching Between Modes on Dual-Mode Keyboards
==================================================
MS-DOS 6.22 includes dual-mode keyboard support for Greek,
French Canadian, Bulgarian, Serbia/Montenegro, and Russian keyboards.
These keyboards allow you to easily switch between two different
keyboard modes. When your computer starts with one of these keyboards,
the primary mode is active. To switch modes, press the appropriate
key combination (listed below).

The key combinations for the Greek keyboard are as follows:

Mode description Key combination
-----------------------------------
Primary mode Latin ALT+LEFT SHIFT
Secondary mode Greek ALT+RIGHT SHIFT

The key combinations for the French Canadian keyboard are as follows:

Mode description Key combination
-----------------------------------
Primary mode Latin CTRL+RIGHT SHIFT
Secondary mode Latin II CTRL+LEFT SHIFT

The key combinations for the Bulgarian, Russian, Serbia/Montenegro and
Macedonia keyboards are as follows:

Mode description Key combination
-----------------------------------
Primary mode Latin ALT+LEFT SHIFT
Secondary mode Cyrillic ALT+RIGHT SHIFT


4. Quick Reference Tables for International Language Support
=============================================================
The following table lists each country/region supported by MS-DOS 6.22,
along with the associated character set, CPI file, and keyboard codes.

Supported
Country/Region Character Keyboard K'board
Country/Region Code Sets CPI File Code ID
===========================================================================
Albania 355 852, 850 EGA.CPI -- ---
Area South
(Arabic Countries/regions) 785 850, 864* EGA.CPI -- ---
Argentina 054 850, 437 EGA.CPI la ---
Australia 061 437, 850 EGA.CPI us ---
Austria 043 850, 437 EGA.CPI gr See section
1.1
Belgium 032 850, 437 EGA.CPI be ---
Bosnia/Herzegovina 387 852, 850 EGA.CPI yu 234
Brazil 055 850, 437 EGA.CPI br 274, 275
Bulgaria 359 855, 850 EGA3.CPI bg 442
Canada French 002 850, 863 EGA.CPI cf See section
1.1
Canada English 004 850, 863 EGA.CPI cf See section
1.1
Chile 056 850, 437 EGA.CPI la ---
Colombia 057 850, 437 EGA.CPI la ---
Croatia 384 852, 850 EGA.CPI yu 234
Czech Republic 042 852, 850 EGA.CPI cz 243
Denmark 045 850, 865 EGA.CPI dk ---
Ecuador 593 850, 437 EGA.CPI la ---
Finland 358 850, 437 EGA.CPI su ---
France 033 850, 437 EGA.CPI fr 120, 189
Germany 049 850, 437 EGA.CPI gr See section
1.1
Greece 030 869, 737, EGA2.CPI gk 319
850
Hong Kong 852 437, ** EGA.CPI -- ---
Hungary 036 852, 850 EGA.CPI hu ---
Iceland 354 850, 861 EGA2.CPI is 161
India 091 437, ** EGA.CPI -- ---
International English 061 437, 850 EGA.CPI -- ---
Ireland 353 850, 437 EGA.CPI uk ---
Israel 972 850, 862* EGA.CPI -- ---
Italy 039 850, 437 EGA.CPI it 141, 142
Japan 081 437, 932* EGA.CPI jp ---
Korea 082 437, 934* EGA.CPI -- ---
Latin America 003 850, 437 EGA.CPI la ---
Macedonia 389 855, 850 EGA3.CPI yc 118
Malaysia 060 437, ** EGA.CPI -- ---
Mexico 052 850, 437 EGA.CPI la ---
Netherlands 031 850, 437 EGA.CPI nl ---
New Zealand 064 437, 850 EGA.CPI us ---
Norway 047 850, 865 EGA.CPI no ---
People's Republic
of China 086 437, 936* EGA.CPI -- ---
Poland 048 852, 850 EGA.CPI pl ---
Portugal 351 850, 860 EGA.CPI po ---
Romania 040 852, 850 EGA.CPI ro 333
Russia 007 866, 855, EGA3.CPI ru 441
852, 850,
437
Serbia/Montenegro 381 855, 850 EGA3.CPI yc 118
Singapore 065 437, ** EGA.CPI -- ---
Slovakia 421 852, 850 EGA.CPI sl 245
Slovenia 386 852, 850 EGA.CPI yu 234
South Africa 027 437, 850 EGA.CPI us ---
Spain 034 850, 437 EGA.CPI sp ---
Sweden 046 850, 437 EGA.CPI sv ---
Switzerland 041 850, 437 EGA.CPI sf (French)
sg (German)
Taiwan 886 437, 938* EGA.CPI -- ---
Turkey 090 857, 850 EGA2.CPI tr 440, 179
United Kingdom 044 850, 437 EGA.CPI uk 166, 168
United States 001 437, 850 EGA.CPI us ---
Venezuela 058 850, 437 EGA.CPI la ---

* Although COUNTRY.SYS supports the country/region conventions (date,
time, currency, etc.) associated with code pages 862 (Hebrew), 864
(Arabic), 932 (Japanese), 934 (Korean), 936 (PRC Chinese), and 938
(Taiwanese), those character sets (code pages) are available only with
the associated special versions of MS-DOS (Hebrew, Arabic, Japanese,
Korean, PRC Chinese, and Taiwanese).

** Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, and Singapore have been added to
COUNTRY.SYS to give access to these countries'/regions' settings when
using Universal English.

If you need to use settings for one of these countries/regions using the
primary language for that country/region, contact the appropriate
International Microsoft Office (Microsoft Hong Kong Limited, Microsoft
Systems Private Limited (India), Microsoft Malaysia Sdn Bhd, or Microsoft
Singapore Pte Ltd).
Properties

Article ID: 117850 - Last Review: May 6, 2005 - Revision: 1

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