B64_samp.exe is a sample that shows how to programmatically encode and decode Base 64 encoding mechanism. This encoding mechanism was introduced for use with Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME). It is the default mechanism used when authenticating in clear text (Basic Authentication) between a Web browser and a Web server.
The sample is in the form of a simple Win32 command line application. Usage is as follows:
Usage: Base64.exe -[d|e] <message>
d : Decode <message>
e : Encode <message>
The sample does not format the encoded text. The RFC specifications for Base 64 requires that each line of the encoded message not be greater than 76 characters. After 76 characters, the message must have a hard line break inserted (that is, carriage return + line feed). Furthermore, the encoded message when fed into a decoder must be padded so that the total number of characters be divisible by 4. The decoder sample included with this file will handle situations where the padding is missing. The encoded message should be padded with an equal sign character (=) at the end. Please refer to section 5.2 of RFC 1521 for more detailed description of the Base 64 Encoding standard.
NOTE: The sample includes the project files for Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0. For other development environments, simply copy over the .cpp/.h files into your own project. Note that the self-extracting executable is a Win32 EXE.