To create a reference to a workbook using three different cell inputs as references for the workbook, worksheet, and cell link, follow the steps in the following examples.
- Start Excel.
- In Book1, Sheet1, cell A1 type This is a test.
- In Microsoft Office Excel 2003 and in earlier versions of Excel, click New on the File menu, click Workbook, and then click OK.
In Microsoft Office Excel 2007, click the Microsoft Office Button, Click New, and then click Create.
In Microsoft Office Excel 2010, click the File Menu, click New, and then click Create.
- In Book2, Sheet1, cell A1 type Book1.
- In Book2, Sheet1, cell A2 type Sheet1.
- In Book2, Sheet1, cell A3 type A1.
- Save both workbooks.
- In Excel 2003 and in earlier versions of Excel, type the following formula in Book2, Sheet1, cell B1:=INDIRECT("'["&A1&".xls]"&A2&"'!"&A3)In Excel 2007, type the following formula:=INDIRECT("'["&A1&".xlsx]"&A2&"'!"&A3)The formula returns "This is a test."
Example 2In Excel 2003 and in earlier versions of Excel, you can replace the formula in Example 1 with multiple INDIRECT statements, as in the following formula:
The INDIRECT function references cells without using quotation marks. This function evaluates the result of the cell reference. For example, if cell A1 contains the text "B1," and B1 contains the word "TEST," the formula =INDIRECT(A1) returns the result "TEST."
However, referencing a cell with quotation marks returns the result of the cell contents. In the example in the previous sentence, the formula returns the text string "B1" instead of the contents of cell B1.