SBS 2011: Exchange Management Console fails to load with error about ConsoleInitialize.ps1


On SBS 2011, when you try to open Exchange Management Console, it may fail to load with the following error:

Initialization failed
The term 'ConsoleInitialize.ps1' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program.

The following error is recorded in Application Log, during the time of the issue:

Log Name: Application
Source: MSExchange RBAC
Date: 10/28/2011 5:00:14 AM
Event ID: 32
Task Category: RBAC
Level: Error
Keywords: Classic
User: N/A
Computer: MT-SBS2011.fourthcoffee.local
Description:(Process w3wp.exe, PID 11556) "Could not load missing script C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\RemoteScripts\ConsoleInitialize.ps1. Exception: Access to the path 'C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V14\RemoteScripts\ConsoleInitialize.ps1' is denied.."


This issue can occur if the MSExchangePowerShellAppPool is not configured to run under the LocalSystem Identity.


To resolve this issue, follow these steps:

1.) Open IIS Manager

2.) Go to Application Pools

3.) Open Advanced Settings for the MSExchangePowerShellAppPool

4.) Change the Identity to LocalSystem

5.) Stop and Start the Application Pool

6.) Do IISRESET /noforce

Article ID: 2638006 - Last Review: Nov 11, 2011 - Revision: 1