Troubleshooting AD Replication error 8446: The replication operation failed to allocate memory


Notice


Home users: This article is only intended for technical support agents and IT professionals. If you're looking for help with a problem, please ask the Microsoft Community.

Symptoms


This article describes the symptoms, cause, and resolution steps for issues when Active Directory replication fails with error 8446: “The replication operation failed to allocate memory"

1. REPADMIN.exe reports that replication attempt has failed with error “8446” – The Replication operation failed to allocate memory

DC=Contoso,DC=com
    Default-First-Site-Name\DomainController via RPC
        DC object GUID: <source DCs ntds settings object object guid>
        Last attempt @ <Date Time> failed, result 8446 (0x20fe):
            The replication operation failed to allocate memory.
        1359 consecutive failure(s).
        Last success @ <Date & Time>.

 CN=Configuration,DC=Contoso,DC=com
    Default-First-Site-Name\DomainController via RPC
        DC object GUID: <source DCs ntds settings object object guid>
        Last attempt @ <Date Time> failed, result 8446 (0x20fe):
            The replication operation failed to allocate memory.
        1358 consecutive failure(s).
        Last success @ <Date & Time>.

Source: Default-First-Site-Name\DomainController
******* 1359 CONSECUTIVE FAILURES since <Date Time>

Last error: 8446 (0x20fe):

  The replication operation failed to allocate memory.

2. DCPROMO fails with error 1130

06/05 09:55:33 [INFO] Error - Active Directory could not replicate the directory partition CN=Configuration,DC=contoso,DC=com from the remote domain controller 5thWardDC1.contoso.com. (1130)
06/05 09:55:33 [INFO] NtdsInstall for domain.net returned 1130
06/05 09:55:33 [INFO] DsRolepInstallDs returned 1130
06/05 09:55:33 [ERROR] Failed to install to Directory Service (1130)

Non critical replication returned 1130

err.exe 1130 
ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_SERVER_MEMORY / Not enough server storage is available to process this command.

3. NTDS Replication, NTDS General Events with the 8466 status are logged in the directory service event log.

Event Source

Event ID

Event String

NTDS Replication

1699

The local domain controller failed to retrieve the changes requested for the following directory partition. As a result, it was unable to send the change requests to the domain controller at the following network address.

 

8446 The replication operation failed to allocate memory

 

NTDS General

1079

Active Directory could not allocate enough memory to process replication tasks. Replication might be affected until more memory is available

 

Increase the amount of physical memory or virtual memory and restart this domain controller

 

 

 

 

 

4. When you try to manually initiate replication using Repadmin or Active Directory Sites and Services you get the following error message:

The following error occurred during the attempt to synchronize naming context Contoso.com from domain controller <Source DC > to domain controller <Destination DC>:

The replication Operation failed to allocate memory. This operation will not continue.

 

5. The domain controller may become unresponsive and a reboot will provide a temporary workaround. 

Cause


The 8446 (operation failed to allocate memory. This operation will not continue) status can occur when the Active Directory replication engine cannot allocate memory to perform Active directory replication.

These events can occur due to the following conditions:

  • Low available physical memory 
  • Low available paging file size versus physical memory (Wrong configuration of paging file) : Paging file should be 1.5 times the size of physical memory
  • Paged Pool or Non-Paged pool exhaustion in the kernel
  • LSASS Virtual memory depletion on 32 bit domain controllers. This is where the Virtual Memory of LSASS reaches the 2 GB limit of virtual memory available for a process running in user mode.
    • The Virtual Memory depletion could be a leak inside the LSASS User mode Process, or the Database Cache (ESE Cache) may be consuming all the available memory.

The following information is important to understand:

Lsass.exe memory usage on domain controllers has two major components: one fixed and one variable.                                         

The fixed component is made up of the code, the stacks, the heaps, and various fixed size data structures (for example, the schema cache). The amount of memory that LSASS uses may vary, depending on the load on the computer. As the number of running threads increases, so does the number of memory stacks. Lsass.exe usually uses 100 MB to 300 MB of memory. Lsass.exe uses the same amount of memory no matter how much RAM is installed in the computer.  

The variable component is the database buffer cache. The size of the cache can range from less than 1 MB to the size of the entire database. Because a larger cache improves performance, the database engine for AD (ESENT) attempts to keep the cache as large as possible. While the size of the cache varies with memory pressure in the computer, the maximum size of the cache is limited by both the amount of physical RAM installed in the computer and by the amount of available virtual address space (VA). AD uses only a portion of total VA space for the cache.

Resolution


     Determine if there is depletion of following resources and fix the underlying cause:

o   Physical RAM

o   Paging File

o   Paged Pool or Non-Paged Pool Depletion 

·        LSASS Virtual memory fragmentation: If the root cause is not memory, then the problem may be caused by a lack of available continuous address space for memory allocation.  Due to memory fragmentation, the available address segments are too small to satisfy request.  

The fragmentation problem is not apparent on 64-bit systems since it has much larger virtual address space 16TB.  Therefore, a solution is replacing 32-bit domain controllers with DC’s running 64-bit hardware and a 64-bit version of operation system.  

·        Domain Controller Scalability: If there is no apparent memory leak or resource depletion:

Check the size of the NTDS.DIT file on the domain controller; if the size is beyond 2 GB on a

32- bit domain controller, then a likely solution is to move to a 64-bit operating system and hardware.  

There are many cases where administrators have moved onto to x64 Bit hardware and not faced a repeat of the 8446 (Replication failed to allocate memory) error.

http://www.microsoft.com/download/en/details.aspx?displaylang=en&id=4948 (Active Directory Performance for 64-bit Versions of Windows Server 2003) 

For 32-bit operating systems, depending on the size of the NTDS.DIT, the /USERVA boot.ini switch which increases the virtual mode address space on domain controllers may provide relief, but this might cause kernel mode depletion as this reduces the size of the kernel mode address space.  Prior to implementing the /UserVA switch, it is best to consult with a Windows memory performance tuning expert for an analysis of kernel mode and user mode memory usage.  

Database cache consume all available virtual memory for the LSASS process

Run Performance Monitor with database counters, review the following counters:

  • LSASS – Working Set
  • LSASS - Virtual Bytes
  • Database - “Database Cache Size” 

Note: By default you will not be able to view the database counters on a Windows 2003 Domain controller.  Please use the following steps to add the database counters on Windows Server 2003.  These steps are not needed for Window Server 2008 and later.

  1. Import the following registry settings: (copy the following text to notepad and save as a .reg file, and then import the settings on the DC)

    Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00

    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\ESENT]

    [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\ESENT\Performance]
    "Open"="OpenPerformanceData"
    "Collect"="CollectPerformanceData"
    "Close"="ClosePerformanceData"
    "Library"="C:\\Windows\\System32\\esentprf.dll"
    "Show Advanced Counters"=dword:00000001

  2. Run the following command from a command prompt to backup your existing performance counters:
    Lodctr /s:backup.ini

  3. Run the following command from a command prompt to register the database counters:
    Lodctr c:\windows\system32\esentprf.ini

Open Perfmon or restart performance monitor if already open.

You should by now be able to view a new performance object in Perfmon called Database 

Add the “Database Cache Size” counter.   In the following example, the database cache size grows at an increasing trend of Virtual Bytes and Working Set of the LSASS Process eventually consuming all 2 GB of available virtual memory allocated to the LSASS process.  You will encounter the 8446 replication failure once this virtual address space is consumed.  Please refer to the "LSASS ESE Database cache is not limited by default" section of the article for detailed instructions on how to avoid this condition.

 

o   LSASS ESE Database cache is not limited by default, so if you determine it is the database cache that is consuming memory using performance monitor you can add the following registry value to limit the database cache.  

You can use the “EDB max buffers” registry value for limiting ESE cache allocation (number of pages is 8912 bytes) to prevent the conditions.  

Value Name : EDB max buffers

Type : reg_dword

Setting : <refer to the values below>

Registry key: HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\NTDS\Parameters

 

CAUTION: Ensure that you set an optimal value to the registry value (EDB max buffers), if the cache limit is too low then it might cause performance degradation.  

You may apply the following values as start for an optimization, depending is the /3GB boot.ini switch is use or not: 

Without /3GB switch:   "EDB max buffers", Reg_DWord: 157286 (1.2GB); expected LSASS consumption ~1.5GB

With /3GB switch:          "EDB max buffers", Reg_DWord: 235929 (1.8GB); expected LSASS consumption ~2.1GB