The Validate Multiple Arbitration test fails when you run the Failover Cluster Validation Wizard in Windows Server 2008 R2

Symptoms

Assume that you try to configure or test a Windows Server 2008 R2-based failover cluster by running the Failover Cluster Validation Wizard. The cluster has multiple nodes and is connected to many clustered disks. For example, the cluster is connected to 200 clustered disks. In this situation, the Validate Multiple Arbitration test fails. Additionally, an error message that resembles the following is logged in the validation report: 
More than one node successfully arbitrated for cluster disk disk number

Cause

This issue occurs because multiple nodes generate a duplicate pseudo-random key to arbitrate one or more connected clustered disks. The failover cluster generates a persistent reservation key for a disk by using the pseudo-random number that is returned by the Rand() function. However, the random number generator may generate the same key for disks on different nodes.

Resolution

Hotfix information

A supported hotfix is available from Microsoft. However, this hotfix is intended to correct only the problem that is described in this article. Apply this hotfix only to systems that are experiencing the problem described in this article. This hotfix might receive additional testing. Therefore, if you are not severely affected by this problem, we recommend that you wait for the next software update that contains this hotfix.

If the hotfix is available for download, there is a "Hotfix download available" section at the top of this Knowledge Base article. If this section does not appear, contact Microsoft Customer Service and Support to obtain the hotfix.

Note If additional issues occur or if any troubleshooting is required, you might have to create a separate service request. The usual support costs will apply to additional support questions and issues that do not qualify for this specific hotfix. For a complete list of Microsoft Customer Service and Support telephone numbers or to create a separate service request, visit the following Microsoft website: Note The "Hotfix download available" form displays the languages for which the hotfix is available. If you do not see your language, it is because a hotfix is not available for that language.

Prerequisites

To apply this hotfix, you must be running Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (SP1).

For more information about how to obtain a Windows 7 or Windows Server 2008 R2 service pack, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

976932 Information about Service Pack 1 for Windows 7 and for Windows Server 2008 R2

Registry information

To apply this hotfix, you do not have to make any changes to the registry.

Restart requirement

You must restart the computer after you apply this hotfix.

Hotfix replacement information

This hotfix does not replace a previously released hotfix.
File information

Status

Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.

More Information

For more information about software update terminology, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

824684 Description of the standard terminology that is used to describe Microsoft software updates

Additional file information
Properties

Article ID: 2795696 - Last Review: Feb 13, 2013 - Revision: 1

Windows Server 2008 R2 Enterprise, Windows Server 2008 R2 Datacenter, Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-Based Systems

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