When you install Microsoft SQL Server 2012 or Microsoft SQL Server 2014 on Windows Server 2012, the installation fails if you assign a SQL Server system folder (such the DATA or LOG files location) to a volume mount point root folder. Additionally, you receive the following error message:
While updating permission setting for folder 'T:\DATA\System Volume Information' the permission setting update failed for file 'T:\DATA\System Volume Information\ResumeKeyFilter.Store'. The folder permission setting were supposed to be set to 'D:P(A;OICI;FA;;;BA)(A;OICI;FA;;;SY)(A;OICI;FA;;;CO)(A;OICI;FA;;;S-1-5-80-3880718306-3832830129-1677859214-2598158968-1052248003)'.
This problem occurs because SQL Server Setup does not have permission to access the \System Volume Information\ResumeKeyFilter.Store file.
To resolve this problem, create a subfolder in the volume mount point, and assign the new subfolder to the SQL Server system folders.
When SQL Server Setup configures SQL Server system folders, Setup tries to change the permissions of folders and the files that are in those folders. But if you set the system folders to a root folder of the volume mount point, the \System Volume Information\ResumeKeyFilter.Store file is created on Windows Server 2012. SQL Server Setup cannot change the permissions of ResumeKeyFilter.Store because SYSTEM is the only permission that is set on this file.