NTDS Replication Warning with Event ID 1093


When troubleshooting another issue, we found NTDS warning event ID 1093.

Event Type: Warning
Event Source: NTDS Replication
Event Category: Replication
Event ID: 1093
Time:  hh:mm:ss
Computer: DC02
Active Directory could not update the following object with attribute changes because the incoming change caused the object to exceed the maximum object record size. The incoming change to the following attribute will be reversed in an attempt to complete the update.
Object GUID:
24 (userCertificate)
The current value (without changes) of the attribute on this domain controller will replicate to all other domain controllers. This will counteract the change to the rest of the replicated forest. The reversal values may be recognized as follows:
Time of change:
2013-07-24 15:36:05
Update sequence number:

For more information, see Help and Support Center at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/events.asp.

This warning event ID 1093 indicates that the incoming change will not be replicated on the current domain controller and it will be reversed. That is, the incoming updates on the related object will be aborted to complete the AD replication. This warning will not influence the AD replication.


The userCertificate attribute of the identified user (user01) holds a large number of certificates, which is exceeding the maximum object record size.


To solve the issue, the unwanted certificates need to be removed from userCertificate attribute of the user object in Active Directory.

To identify which certificates are unwanted, you can refer to the method in the following "More Information" part.

More Information

You may use this method to export the user data of the user object who reach the maximum object size. Then identify the related certificates by the scripts and decide which unwanted certificates can be deleted from this user object.

 1. export the user data by running the command on one of the domain controllers: (output user_data.txt)

ldifde -f user_data.txt -d “distinguishedname of the problem user account” -p base

2. Prepare the script "LDF2Certs.vbs" with following contents:

Option explicit

Const strVBSfile = "LDF2Certs.vbs"

Const ForReading = 1
Const StatusLookingForStart = 0
Const StatusLookingForEnd = 1

Dim strLDFFile
Call CommandParser()

WScript.Echo "!Open the input LDF file " & strLDFFile

Dim oFS
Set oFS = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject")

Dim objLDFFile
Set objLDFFile = oFS.OpenTextFile(strLDFFile, ForReading, False)

Dim strReadLine, lngStatus, objCertFile, lngCertNumber, strCertFile

lngStatus = StatusLookingForStart
lngCertNumber = 0

Do While objLDFFile.AtEndOfStream <> True
 strReadLine = objLDFFile.ReadLine

 If lngStatus = StatusLookingForEnd Then
   If Not IsNull(strReadLine) Then
     If InStr(strReadLine,":") > 0 Then

       Set objCertFile = Nothing
       lngCertNumber = lngCertNumber + 1
       lngStatus = StatusLookingForStart


       objCertFile.Write strReadLine

     End If
   End If
 End If

 If lngStatus = StatusLookingForStart Then
   If Not IsNull(strReadLine) Then
     If InStr(strReadLine,"userCertificate::") > 0 Then

       WScript.Echo "!Found " & (lngCertNumber + 1) & " certificate"

       strCertFile = "Cert" & Right("0000" & CStr(lngCertNumber), 4) & ".cer"
       Set objCertFile = oFS.CreateTextFile(strCertFile, True, False)
       lngStatus = StatusLookingForEnd 

     End If
   End If
 End If


Set objLDFFile = Nothing

Dim WshShell
Set WshShell = WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")

Sub CommandParser()
  'Glable variables: strLDFFile

  If WScript.Arguments.Named.Exists("LDFFile") = True Then
    strLDFFile = WScript.Arguments.Named.Item("LDFFile")
    WScript.Echo "CommandParser: the LDF file name: " & strLDFFile
    Call ShowUsage()
  End If
End Sub

Sub ShowUsage()
  WScript.Echo " "
  WScript.Echo "Usage: CScript " & strVBSfile & " /LDFFile:<Input LDF file name, such as input.txt>"
End Sub

3. Prepare the script "doit.bat" with following commands:

cscript LDF2Certs.vbs /LDFFile:user_data.txt
dir /B Cert*.* > listofcerts.txt
FOR /F %%i IN (listofcerts.txt) DO echo %%i >> allcerts.txt && certutil -dump %%i >> allcerts.txt

4. Put two scripts ("LDF2Certs.vbs" and "doit.bat") and the user data (user_data.txt) in the same folder and run script "doit.bat".

After running the script, text file "allcerts.txt" will be generated, which contains all the certificates in the user data with detailed information. Meanwhile, all the certificates will be dumped as .cer files in the same folder as well.

Note: it may take some time as there are lots of certificates need to be dumped.

5. You can identify the certificates with their text or UI format and decide with certificates can be removed from this user object.