You experience performance issues, product crashes, or rendering issues in Visual Studio 2013 and later

Applies to: Visual Studio Professional 2015Visual Studio Enterprise 2015Visual Studio Professional 2013 More


If you have hardware acceleration enabled, or if you use the default Visual experience settings in Microsoft Visual Studio 2017, Visual Studio 2015 and Visual Studio 2013, you may experience intermittent performance issues, product crashes, or rendering issues. (Refer to the following screen shot.)


These issues may occur because of bugs in the installed graphics driver.

Note The Microsoft Visual Studio team has continued to notice a small but important series of performance and reliability issues that are caused by bugs in the installed graphics drivers. By default, Visual Studio automatically adjusts the visual experience in order to maximize performance and responsiveness across client configurations. Visual Studio also uses hardware graphics acceleration when it is available on the client. For most customers, these Visual Studio default settings provide the best user experience. However, some users have reported that manual adjustments to these settings can result in improved experience. This article describes how to make these adjustments in Visual Studio.


To work around these issues, use one of the following methods:
  • Install the latest graphics drivers.

    Note Outdated drivers are a common source of WPF rendering issues.
  • Turn off hardware graphics acceleration to switch to software rendering. To do this, follow these steps:
    1. In Visual Studio, click Tools, and then click Options.
    2. In the Options dialog box, clear the Automatically adjust visual experience based on client performance check box. (Refer to the following screen shot for this step.)

      A screen shot for this step
    3. Clear the Use hardware graphics acceleration if available check box to prevent the use of hardware graphics acceleration.
    4. Select or clear the Enable rich client visual experience check box to make sure that rich visuals are always on or off, respectively. When this check box is selected, rich visuals are used independent of the computer environment. For example, rich visuals are used when you run Visual Studio locally on a rich client and over remote desktop.



Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.

More Information

For more information about how to troubleshoot graphics issues, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:

963021 Guidelines for troubleshooting graphic issues in WPF applications