- You are logged on to a Local Area Network (LAN) that has an Internet gateway and you try to send messages through an ISP's SMTP gateway.
- You are logged on to an ISP and you try to send messages through another ISP's SMTP gateway.
- You are using a cable modem or ADSL to get to another ISP and you try to send messages.
This behavior affects all messaging clients, regardless of the manufacturer.
Most of the new SMTP e-mail gateway software permits relaying for specific IP addresses. This is how cable modem and ADSL users can continue to use their same ISP. The cable modem or ADSL provider must provide the customer a static IP address, in turn, the customer's e-mail ISP allows relaying for that specific IP address. Banks of IP addresses can also be permitted, which may provide a work around for some corporate customers who access ISPs through their corporate LAN.
If the error message that is described in the "Symptoms" section of this article is random, it is possible that your SMTP server is checking whether the domain or the recipient name actually exists before sending the message. If the recipient's e-mail server is temporarily down or unavailable for another reason, such as high network volume, your SMTP server cannot verify the address and may reject the relay. In this case, action is not required. The message is sent when the receiving server is available again.
Some ISP's are fighting SPAM by requiring each user to be dialed directly into their system to send messages through their SMTP gateway. This is an easy way to control SPAM, but may affect some users who tunnel into their e-mail account from another ISP.
MSN, the Microsoft Network, is one example of an ISP that has imposed SPAM blocking. Additionally, MSN has imposed restrictions whereby if the e-mail address in your Internet Account properties does not match that of your MSN account, you may also receive SMTP blocking errors. This affects users who receive messages with two different Internet addresses, but that want the same reply address on both e-mail accounts. Other ISP's implement similar strategies.
To send or receive messages through a LAN, additional ISP or DSL and similar connection devices through MSN, the SMTP server settings must be set to secure.
MSN e-mail server settings for a LAN, DSL or third-party connection must be set to secure.smtp.email.msn.com.
Examples of SMTP Relay Blocking
- Employees have personal ISP accounts at isp.com where isp.com is your Service Provider's domain name. They use the company's corporate LAN to access their isp.com messages, and they have any problems sending or receiving. One day they start receiving SMTP blocking errors when they try to reply to messages that they have received from isp.com. They contact isp.com technical support and are told that isp.com just installed new SMTP gateway software which prevents SMTP relaying. Now the employees can receive messages through the LAN, but cannot send messages because they're not connected directly to
- A user has two ISP accounts, one with isp.com and one with myisp.net, where isp.com and myisp.net are the Service Providers' domain names. The user dials into myisp.net and can send and receive messages from both accounts without problems. One day the user connects to myisp.net and tries to send messages through isp.com and receives blocking errors. The user connects directly to isp.com and can still send and receive messages with both accounts. In this example, isp.com implemented SMTP relay blocking and myisp.net did not.