"Could not load file or assembly" error when you run DirSyncConfigShell.psc1 in Windows Server 2008 R2

Applies to: Azure Active DirectoryCloud Services (Web roles/Worker roles)Microsoft Intune

PROBLEM


When you run DirSyncConfigShell.psc1 after you install version 6765.0006 of the Microsoft Azure Active Directory Sync tool on a Windows Server 2008 R2-based computer, you receive the following error message:
WARNING: The following errors occurred when loading console c:\program files\windows azure active directory sync\dirsyncfonfigshell.psc1: Cannot load Windows PowerShelll snap-in coexistence-configuration because of the following error: could not load file or assembly 'file:///c:\programSync\Microsoft Online.Coexistence.PS.Config.dll' or one of its dependencies. This assembly is built by a runtime newer than the currently loaded runtime and cannot be loaded.
For example, this issue occurs when you run DirSyncConfigShell.psc1 to force directory synchronization.

CAUSE


This issue occurs if Windows Management Framework 3.0 is not installed on the Windows Server 2008 R2-based computer.

SOLUTION


Do one of the following:

MORE INFORMATION


Still need help? Go to Microsoft Community or the Azure Active Directory Forums website.