In Microsoft Windows NT versions 4.0 and 3.x, an assigned home folder became a user's default folder for the Open and Save As dialog boxes, for command prompt sessions, and for all programs without a defined working folder. An assigned home folder can be a local folder on a user's computer or a shared folder on the network, and can be assigned to a single user or many users.
In Windows 2000, the My Documents folder is an alternative for home folders but does not replace them. When a user tries to save or open a file, most programs determine whether to use the home folder or My Documents in one of two ways:
- Some programs first look in the home folder for files that match the type of file that is to be opened or saved (for example, .doc or .txt files). If a file with that extension is found, the program opens the home folder and does not use the My Documents folder. If a file of that type is not found, the program opens the My Documents folder.
- In other programs, the home folder is ignored, regardless of whether or not the home folder contains any files.
How to Set Up Home Folders
- Create a Home folder on the server that will be used to store all of the user's home folders. To do so, use Windows Explorer, to create a folder on the hard disk. In this example, the folder is named Home.
- Share the Home folder with Full Control share permissions for the Everyone group. To do so, right-click the folder, click Properties, click the Sharing tab, click Share this folder, and then click OK.
- Start the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in.
- Locate the user account for which you want to set up the home folder. By default, all users are in the Users container.
- Right-click the user account for which you want to specify a home folder, click Properties, click the Profile tab, click Connect, specify a drive letter, type a path in the To box, and then click OK. Note that you can use a network path, such as the following path, if you have already created the user's individual folder in the Home share\\server name\share name\folder nameor a local path, such as:c:\users\folder nameYou can substitute %username% for the last subfolder in the path if you have not already created each individual user's folder in the Home share, such as:\\server name\share name\%username%The home folder is created (if you are using the %username% variable), and the permissions on the folder are set to Administrators Full Control and the individual user with Full Control.
Article ID: 298403 - Last Review: Nov 20, 2008 - Revision: 1