Loading behavior no longer available in SharePoint Search Results Web Part properties

Applies to: SharePoint Server 2016SharePoint Server 2013SharePoint Server 2010

 

Summary


When you set the properties of the Search Results Web Part in SharePoint Server, you can specify when the search results returned appear on the webpage by setting the loading behavior to synchronous or asynchronous. If you use synchronous loading, the site becomes vulnerable to cross-site search attacks. We strongly recommend that you use asynchronous loading to issue queries from the browser after the webpage is loaded.

Description of the security update for SharePoint Enterprise Server 2016: December 11, 2018Description of the security update for SharePoint Enterprise Server 2013: December 11, 2018 and Description of the security update for SharePoint Foundation 2010: December 11, 2018 fix this vulnerability with the following changes:

  • All existing Search Results Web Parts are automatically switched to use asynchronous loading.
  • All newly created Search Results Web Parts use asynchronous loading.
  • Loading behavior is no longer an option in the Search Results Web Part properties user interface (UI).

After you install the update, you can still add the loading behavior option back to the UI for each individual site, where the default setting for the loading behavior is asynchronous. Before you do this, we strongly recommend that you carefully consider whether this vulnerability can be exploited in your environment, and provide guidance to web part owners about this vulnerability.

    More information


    To add the loading behavior option to the UI of Search Results Web Part on a SharePoint site, follow these steps:

    1. Log on by using a user account that has the SharePoint_Shell_Access role.
    2. On one of the servers in the SharePoint farm, start the SharePoint Management Shell.
    3. From the Windows PowerShell command prompt, run the following commands:
       

      $sites = Get-SPSite
      $s = $sites[n]
      $s.RootWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = $true
      $s.RootWeb.AllProperties.Add("SyncSearchAllowed", 1)
      $s.RootWeb.Update()
      $s.RootWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = $false

      Note sites[n] is the placeholder of the specified site.

      To set the loading behavior in SharePoint Server 2013 or 2016, see Configure properties of the Search Results Web Part in SharePoint ServerTo set the loading behavior in SharePoint Server 2010 Search Core Results Web Part, follow these steps:

      1. Verify that the user account that is performing this procedure is a member of the Designers group.

      2. On the search results page, click the Site Actions menu, and then click Edit Page. The search results page opens in Edit mode.

      3. In the Search Core Results Web Part, click the arrow, and then select Edit Web Part from the menu.

      4. Under AJAX Options, select on option to determine when the search results returned by the Web Part appear on the web page. 

        By default, the Use asynchronous loading box is checked, and queries are issued from the end-user’s browser after the complete page is received. If you clear the Use asynchronous loading box, queries are issued on the server, and the search results are included in the page response that's sent back from SharePoint. 

      To remove the loading behavior option from the UI of the Search Results Web Part on a SharePoint site, follow these steps:

      1. Log on by using a user account that has the SharePoint_Shell_Access role.
      2. On one of the servers in the SharePoint farm, start the SharePoint Management Shell.
      3. From the Windows PowerShell command prompt, run the following commands:

        $sites = Get-SPSite
        $s = $sites[n]
        $s.RootWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = $true
        $s.RootWeb.AllProperties.Remove("SyncSearchAllowed")
        $s.RootWeb.Update()
        $s.RootWeb.AllowUnsafeUpdates = $false


        Note sites[n] is the placeholder of the specified site.