Assume that you have a partitioned table in an instance of Microsoft SQL Server 2016 and 2017. The value of the modification_counter in Dynamic Management Views (DMV) sys.dm_db_stats_properties outputs incorrect value when partitions are merged through "ALTER PARTITION".
This issue is fixed in the following cumulative updates for SQL Server:
This issue is fixed in the following on-demand hotfixes for Cumulative Update 11 for SQL Server 2016 Service Pack 1.
Note Recommended that you install Cumulative Update 11 for SQL Server 2016 Service Pack 1- KB4459676 before installing On-demand Cumulative Update 11 for SQL Server Service Pack 1.
Microsoft has confirmed that this is a problem in the Microsoft products that are listed in the "Applies to" section.