If a user does not have the required user rights and tries to install a software update package that uses Update.exe, they may receive the following error message:
The following table lists the user rights required by Update.exe.
|Group Policy Object Display Name||Required by Update.exe||Description|
|Back up files and directories||Required||You must have this user right to perform backup operations.|
Restore files and directories
|Required||You must have this user right to perform restore operations. This user right lets you set any valid user or group security identifier (SID) as the owner of an object.|
|Manage auditing and security log ||Required||You must have this user right to perform many security-related functions, such as controlling and viewing audit messages. This user right identifies its holder as a security operator.|
|Take ownership of files or other objects||Required||You must have this user right to take ownership of an object without being granted discretionary access. This user right allows for the owner value to be set only to those values that the holder may legitimately assign as the owner of an object.|
|Shutdown the system||Required||You must have this user right to shut down the computer. Some software updates require that the computer be restarted. If this user right is not available, the software update installation will complete, and the user will have to contact an administrator with that user right to restart the computer, if it is required.|
|Debug programs||Required||You must have this user right to debug a process. Update.exe versions earlier than 22.214.171.124 may require that administrators have this user right to successfully install software updates.|
Hotpatching technology, also known as in-memory patching, is scheduled for delivery with Microsoft Windows Server 2003 Service Pack 1 (SP1) and will be available for some updates. You must have the Debug programs user right to use hotpatching. For additional information about patch and update management, visit the following Microsoft Web site: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc768045.aspx
To determine the missing user right, examine the installation log file. The installation log file contains the following similar error messages:
2.744: d:\aab949b8ae7e35434dde6b\update\update.exe (version X.X.X.X)
2.744: Failed To Enable SE_SECURITY_PRIVILEGE
2.754: Setup encountered an error: You do not have permission to update OS_name. Please contact your system administrator.
2.764: You do not have permission to update OS_name.
To view and modify user rights, follow these steps:
- Start the Group Policy Editor in either your local or your domain environment. For more information about how to do this, visit the following Microsoft Web site:
- Under Computer Configuration, click Windows Settings.
- Click Security Settings, click Local Policies, and then click User Rights Assignments.
- To assign the policies listed earlier, right-click the policy, click Properties, and then add the user.