To view the other topics of the Reinstalling Windows XP Home guide, see the Microsoft Knowledge Base articles that are listed in the "References" section.
The Reinstalling Windows XP Home guide includes the following topics:
Part 1: Introduction
Part 2: Preparing Windows XP for reinstallation
Part 3: Creating partitions
Part 4: Installing Windows
Part 5: Post-installing devices
Part 6: Configuring the work environment
Part 7: Running Windows Update
Part 1: IntroductionSometimes reinstallation is unavoidable. For example, you may have reconfigured a system several times, and it is no longer stable. However, you do not have to worry about this situation. This problem can be fixed. To avoid problems and to save time, we recommend that you create a reinstallation plan when the system is still functioning.
Data backupBefore you reinstall Windows, back up all your data. When you repartition and reformat the hard disk, you lose all the data that is stored on the hard disk. Identify the data that you want to back up. This data may include the following:
- My Documents (documents, pictures, music, videos)
- Address books
- E-mail messages
- Document templates
Windows CDBefore you start, determine whether the Windows CD and the product key are available. If not, you cannot reinstall Windows.
Device driversAre device drivers available for all the hardware components? Many of the drivers are integrated in Windows. However, devices such as printers, monitors, graphic cards, sound cards, modems, zip drives, and scanners usually have separate installation CDs. If you do not have all the drivers, you can download the missing drivers from the Internet and then write them to a CD.
ProgramsDo you have all the necessary CDs and product keys for applications? Collect and store the CDs and product keys in an appropriate location. These applications may include the following:
- Microsoft Office programs
- A virus scanner
- Adobe Acrobat Reader
- CD writing software
- Internet provider software
Network settingsYou can restore certain configuration settings after reinstallation. If this step is required, note the computer's network settings. These settings include the following:
- computer name
- TCP/IP settings
Internet provider informationCreate a backup of your Internet access data.
Startup sequenceIf it is required, adjust the BIOS startup sequence. The sequence should be the following:
- CD drive
- hard disk
- floppy disk drive
Create partitionsAt this point, you must decide whether you want to repartition the hard disk. A configuration that contains multiple drives makes data management easy. If you decide to repartition a hard disk, you can perform the task during the installation process.
Install WindowsAs soon as you have completed the required preparations, you can install Windows. The Setup Wizard will guide you through the individual steps.
Install devicesWhen the installation is completed, verify whether Windows recognizes all devices. If Windows does not recognize all devices, reinstall the missing devices.
Set up a work environmentThe process is almost completed. You must now configure the personal work environment. To do this, follow these steps:
- Integrate the computer in a network if it is required.
- Establish a connection to the Internet.
- Install all applications.
- Restore personal data from the backup.
- Start Windows.
UpdatesRun Windows Update. Install all service packs and updates that are required to protect against security vulnerabilities. This step also applies to Microsoft Internet Explorer, to virus scanners, and to Office installations. After you do this, the computer should function correctly.
Part 3 Creating partitions
Part 4 Installing Windows
Part 5 Post-installing devices
Part 6 Configuring the work environment
Part 7 Running Windows Update
The third-party products that this article discusses are manufactured by companies that are independent of Microsoft. Microsoft makes no warranty, implied or otherwise, regarding the performance or reliability of these products.
Article ID: 896526 - Last Review: Dec 24, 2009 - Revision: 1